What is their view on education?
Instrument of oppression
Reinforces gender IDs
Promotes patriarchal ideology
In the 1970s who underperformed in education?
When did Girls start to out perform boys in education?
What policies have allowed girls to do better in education?
Equal Pay Act 1970
Sex Discrimination Act 1975
How has the introduction of marketisation improved girls experiences in education?
Improved standards for everyone
Could be argues, girls still disadvantaged
- everyone moves up so gap = still same
How has the introduction of course work improved girls educational experiences?
Girls do better in coursework subjects
Improved their achievements
How has the introduction of the National Curriculum improved girls education achievements?
Forced girls to do subjects which previously labelled as male
(science + maths)
When did Browne and Ross write?
What did Browne and Ross discover about gender domains and children?
Activities = seen as male/ female territory
Children = more confident engaging in activities = seen as part of own gender domain
Also effect how task = approached
What are the 2 types of feminists that we look at in relation to education?
What is the liberal feminists view on education?
Changes still needed to be made
What do L. feminists see as the 2 causes of gender inequalities in the Ed system?
- Gendered 2ndary socialisation
2. Discrimination in Ed system
What do R. feminists argue the 4 causes of gender inequality in education is?
- Patriarchal education system
- Sexual harassment
- Limited choices in subjects for girls
- Male teachers = more likely hold positions of power
How do gender domains contribute to gender DEA?
Children do better in subjects that fit their gender domain
Browne + Ross (1991)
How will the removal of coursework have an effect on gender DEA?
Girls do better in coursework
Lower girls achievements
DEA will reduce
Appear that boys = improving
How does Weiner (1993) describe the secondary curriculum?
‘Woman free zone’
Who describes the secondary curriculum as a ‘woman free zone’?
When was the 2nd wave feminist movement?