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Flashcards in Final 2 Semester Deck (112):
1

What did Stalin and Churchill want to control?

Areas of strategic interest to them

2

What did Stalin open in Europe?

A second front

3

What was the issue with Poland?

No one could decide how much of it should remain independent

4

What was the meeting at Yalta?

With Roosevelt Churchill and Stalin
Russia got part of its territory back

5

What did the Atlantic charter do?

Use democratic processes to work out problems

6

What was the Tehan conference?

Roosevelt and Churchill went to Iran to speak with Stalin.
Stalin agreed that the Soviet Union would enter the war in the pacific soon after the end of the hostilities in Europe.
Roosevelt promised that the Anglo American second front would be established in six months

7

Where was the second peace conference?

Yalta

8

What did Roosevelt agree that the SU should get and why?

They should get some of the pacific territory that Russia lost to the Japanese because they were helping with the pacific war

9

What were the parts of the United Nations?

A general assembly in which every member was represented
A security councils its permanent representatives of the five major powers (the U.S., Britain, France, and the Soviet Union) and each had veto power

10

What two places could not be agreed upon?

Germany and Poland

11

What were the two views on what should happen to Germany?

Roosevelt said they should reconstruct and reunite Germany
Stalin said they should dismember the nation permanently.

12

Who controlled zones of occupation in Germany?

The U.S., Britain, France, and Russia

13

How did Roosevelt die?

A stroke

14

Who became president after Roosevelt died?

Harry s Truman

15

How much did Truman say the U.S. Should go get?

85% of what it wanted

16

Who met at Potsdam?

Stalin, Churchill, and Truman

17

Who replaced Churchill after the elections?

Clement Attlee

18

What were the 2 sides of Germany?

Western - United into one nation, friendly to the U.S.
Eastern - the Russian zone with a pro-soviet, communist government

19

What two Chinese leaders fought eachother?

Chaing Kai-Shek and Mao Zedong (communist)

20

Who did Truman support in the Chinese arguments?

Chasing

21

Who's idea was containment originally?

George f Kennan

22

Who was containment used on?

Soviet Union

23

How much money did Truman request to help Greece and turkey?

$400 million

24

What was the john birch society?

An anti communist group

25

Who lead the JBS?

Robert welch

26

What was wrong with the JBS?

They were totally paranoid

27

Who's idea was rollback?

John Foster Dulles

28

How many Western European nations accepted the Marshall plan and which nations did not?

16
Russia and its eastern satellites

29

Which agency administered the Marshall plan?

The economic cooperation administration

30

How much did European industrial production rise because of the Marshall plan?

64%

31

What was the atomic energy commission?

It became in charge of overseeing all nuclear research

32

What oversaw all branches of the armed service?

The department of defense

33

What governed foreign and military policy?

The national security council

34

What replaced the office of strategic strategies?

The Central Intelligence Agency

35

What did the national security act do?

It gave the president expanded powers to pursue international goals

36

What was Stalin demanding needed to happen if Germany was going to be officially divided?

All the parts of Berlin must be given to the eastern sector

37

How long did the U.S. Airlift to Berlin continue?

10 months

38

What was the name of the western side and its capital?

The federal republic
Bonn

39

What was the name of the eastern republic?

The democratic republic in the east
East Berlin

40

What was the North Atlantic treaty organization?

Twelve nations signed an agreement saying that if one of them was atta kid they were all attacked

41

What alliance did the Soviet Union make?

The Warsaw Pact

42

What two things really startled Americans?

The Russian atomic bomb
The collapse of chasing Kai-Shek's government

43

After China fell to communism, what did some Americans make to support them?

China Lobby

44

What did people think the end of the war would bring to American?

Depression

45

What did the Ned of the war bring to American?

Growth

46

What was the servicemen's readjustment act do?

The GI Bill of rights provided housing education and job training to vets

47

Who ,was the united mine workers on strike?

John l Lewis

48

What did Truman do to get the railroad workers to work again?

He threatened to make the army work the trains

49

What was the republican's slogan to win both houses of congress?

"Had Enough?"

50

What wa the first thing the republican congress did?

Chip away at new deal reforms

51

What act damaged unions?

The Taft Hadley act

52

What were problems that Truman faced with his new campaign?

He was unpopular
Divisions in the Democratic Party

53

What party did the southern conservatives form and who was the leader?

The Dixiecrat
States' rights party
Governor strom Thurmond of SC

54

What did the left wingers make?

The new progressive party
Henry a Wallace

55

Who did the democrats try to get to run?

Dwight d Eisenhower
Truman wS their second choice

56

What did the case Shelly v Kramer decide?

Courts could not be used to enforce private convenants meant to bar blacks from residential neighborhoods.

57

Film noir

Originated in France
Known for its dark lighting

58

What did most people believe about the nuclear bombs?

It would do more harm than good

59

Who fought the Korean War?

Both the United States and Russia had troops in Korea fighting the Japanese

60

Where was Korea divided?

Along the 38th parallel

61

What happened when the Russians left the north?

They left behind a communist government

62

Who did the Americans turn their power over to n korea?

Shngman Rhee

63

Who was the main American General in the Korean War?

Douglas MacArthur

64

What did MacArthur suggest?

They should directly attack the Chinese

65

Who did MacArthur write a letter to?

House republican leader Joseph w Martin

66

Which republican group tried to prove that under democratic rule the government tolerated communism?

The house unamerican activities committee

67

Who was klaus Fuchs?

A young British scientist sho gave atomic bomb tips to Russians

68

Who wS the main person who investigated communists?

McCarthy

69

Who led the afl cio

George meany

70

What happened to the labor unions?

The became tainted with violence

71

Pasteur and Joubert

Development of antibiotics

72

Fleming

Penicillin

73

Edward Jenner

Smallpox vaccine

74

Wright

Developed the typhoid vaccination

75

Jonas Salk

Developed the cure for polio (vaccine)

76

Albert Sabin

Developed the oral vaccine for polio

77

Paul muller

Made the pesticide for ddt

78

What was bell labs?

The research arm of AT&T

79

What did integrated circuits do?

Helped advance the development of the computer

80

What's the first significant computer?

The universal automatic computer
The UNIVAC

81

Who made the first computer?

The Remington rand company

82

Who publicized the first computer?

The international business machines company

83

What were the first American ICBM's?

Atlas and Titan

84

Miss,es thst could travel several states thousand miles

Minuteman

85

The Polaris

Nuclear miss,w capable of being carried and fired by submarines

86

What were soviet astronauts?

Cosmonauts

87

Which shuttle exploded?

The challenger

88

David potter

Wrote people of plenty

89

What was everyone entranced with?

The hula hoop

90

Who was the most famous suburban developer?

William levitt

91

Bernard devoto

Shall we let them ruin our national parks?

92

David brower

Leader of the Sierra club

93

William h whyte jr

Produced the organization man which described the mentality of s worker in a large burcreatic setting

94

What were the restless teens called?

The beats or beatniks

95

Who was an icon of the beats?

James dean

96

What show did dick Clark host?

American bandstand

97

Payola

Secret payments from producers to DJs to get their music played sooner

98

Michael Harrington

The other America

99

Who was the least experienced politician to serve in the presidency?

Eisenhower

100

How did McCarthy die?

After he had been removed from his position, he died of alcoholism

101

Who was eisenhower's SOS?

John foster Dulles

102

Massive retaliation

Dukes idea of using nuclear weapons in situations of co,,units threats

103

Brinkmanship

Pushing the soviets to the brink

104

Who was trying to get power over Vietnam?

Ho Chi Minh and the French also

105

Who would Roosevelt not support Minh?

He was a communist

106

Where were treated for Korea and Vietnam both settled?

Geneva

107

Who was the nationalist prime minister of Iran?

Mohammed mossadegh

108

Who was ether leader of Egypt?

General gamal abdel Nasser

109

Who overthrew the Cuban government and started his own?

Fidel Castro

110

Who did Castro make and alliance with?

The Soviet Union

111

What caused Eisenhower and kruschev's meeting to be cancelled?

There was a bombing of an American plane in Russian territory

112

Who was the pilot of the plane?

Francis Gary Powers