Flashcards in The 20's 30's And 40's Deck (167):
What was the KKK devoted to?
What was the kkk's slogan?
What was the 18th amendment?
The prohibition of alcohol
Why did people not approve of drinking?
It was unamerican
The wheat that was used to make alcohol/beer could have been used to make bread and other grainy food to send to soldiers in the war.
What was the Volstead Act?
Gave the police permission to enforce the law that said alcohol could not be produced, sold, shipped, or consumed in the U.S.
What was a bootlegger?
Someone who smuggled alcohol bottles in their boots
What were some places that alcohol came from?
Mexico and Canada
Who made a fortune bootlegging?
How did gangsters transport alcohol?
They bought old submarines
What was the choice gun for gangsters?
Where was the center for organized crime?
What happened in Chicago?
Politics were tainted by gangsters
City bosses took over
Most corrupted politics
The police and judges were completely bought off
What was one way of transportation that gangsters used?
Tunnels and trap doors
What is racketeering?
Would have businesses pay them each month for protection and if they did not they went after them
What really set people off in Chicago?
In 1957, bombs went off in stores
How much of the east coast rejected prohibition?
How much of Kansans followed prohibition?
What were the underground bars called?
What were the two main cities for jazz?
KC and NO
Who was the great sax player from kc?
Who were the major gangsters?
Bonnie and Clyde
What was Capone's nickname?
Who was Capone?
Nothing was too violent for him
He returned home to his family in the suburbs after violently killing people all day
What was the biggest event Capone was a part of?
St. Valentine's Day Massacre
What happened at the SVDM?
Al's men dressed as police officers
They pretended for aid Bugs Morane
Morane's guys were waiting for a shipment of illegal alcohol
Capone's men checked the dudes for weapons
The "police" shot the men
What does lazzies fairer mean?
Who was the head of the federal bureau of investigation?
J Edgar Hoover
What did J Edgar Hoover do?
He collected files on Americans
Stayed director until he died
He had a lot of dirt on Kennedy
He was a cross-dresser
Who was Elliot ness?
The first agent on the case of Chicago gangsters
Searched for speakeasies
What was the top ten list?
The FBI took mugshots and put them on post office walls
Capone still escaped even through he was everywhere
What was Capone finally sent to jail for and what jail as he sent to?
They kept the jury and judges as pure as possible
What did Capone die from?
And std in prison
Died broken, poor, and lonely
What did the 21st amendment do?
It reversed the 18th amendment
What was the 19th amendment?
It was the right for women's suffrage
Many states had already allowed women to vote
Why did the people in the west allow women to vote early?
They needed more women to vote because they had too many Cowboys
Why were women rewarded the voting right?
Because they stepped up so much when the men were away at war
Who was Harry burn?
He was the final vote to see if women got suffrage or not. From Tennessee
Spoke out for women not being able to vote
What did Harry burn vote?
They should be able to vote
His mom wrote him a note saying "don't forget to be a good boy. Vote for suffrage"
What was the new organization made?
The league of women voters
What were the voting places and what were they changed to?
Bars saloons and clubs
Schools and churches
What was significant about the 1920 census?
It was the first census to show that more people lived in cities rather than in the country
Who was warran g Harding and what was his slogan?
Ran for president
"A return to normalcy"
What did the republicans want?
For the government to shrink and go back to normal
Taxes to go down
Nothing would ever be normal anymore
How long was harding's presidency?
2 years and 5 months
He had a very mysterious death
Possible poisoned by his wife because they did not get along
Who became president after harding's death?
The Vice President Calvin Coolidge
What was coolidge's nkcknamd and why?
Shyest president ever
"The business of America is business"
What were the twenties like?
Buying on credit
Time of national release
What were some inventions in the twenties?
What was new with cars?
The model t
Soldiers wanted cars
Who was JC Nichols and what did he make?
Made the first mall with parking areas
The country club plaza
Wide roads and tons of parking
Put up Christmas lights each year to publicize it
Who ordered that all roads should be paved concrete?
Why did police need cars?
To keep up with criminals
Why were suburbs born?
To get out of traffic
How did dating change in the twenties?
People went out instead of going to eachother's houses
People Went and parked in lovers lane
Drive ins emerged
This was the beginning of wreck less young people behavior
What was one of the major fads?
You just climb up and sit there
Who held the record for flagpole sitting and how long was it for?
Alvin shipwreck Kelley
What was another fad?
All-day dance contests
Just go for however long you can
Live gold fish eating
"Age of the flapper"
They wore lipstick
Short bobbed hair
Goal to look like a boy
Sound in movie theaters
TV invented in the twenties just not in homes yet
60 home runs for the Yankees
More $than the president
"I had a better year"
What was a very integrated sport?
What sport had the first million dollar game?
Who were considered the most amazing people?
Who was fine most famous aviator?
Who was Wiley post?
The first airmail hero
Air traffic control
Who was Charles lindberg?
Most famous aviator
At age 25 he left Long Island ny on the spirit of St. Louis to try and fly across the Atlantic on a single-engine airplane
Flew 33 hours successfully and landed on Paris
Became a hermit and a million ads and died in honolulu Hawaii
What was the first commercial airliner?
What happened to culture in the twenties?
Live for today
God is questioned
Psychology emerged and grew
Divorce became normal
Science eclipsed faith
What happened in the scopes v monkey trial?
John t scopes challenged the law that creation had to be taught in all schools
The schools sued him
William Jennings Brian represented scopes side
Chance Derrow represented the evolution side
It brought tons of attention to evolution
What act gave Indians the right to vote?
Indian citizenship act by congress
Who was Herbert Hoover?
Self made millionaire
Mining engineer who made $ in Australia
Popular for the U.S. Food administration
Inherited a great economy and a happy people
People began buying stocks
"On the margin"
Did not have to buy and collateral down stock buying
an investor gave you money to pay for the stocks
What day did the stock market collapse and what was it nicknamed?
October 29, 1929
What were bank runs?
People began to run into banks and demand to get their money out before it was too late and their money was gone
What was the depression thought to be?
A quick recession
What did Hoover encourage at state levels?
What was Hoover portrayed as?
Heartless and horrible
What did Hoover not want?
A big government
Who was fdr?
Cam from a privileged family
Made a fortune in real estate and trade
Had nannies, tutors, and went to an elite school
Had a governess
His hero is his cousin teddy
Married his cousin Elanor
Supported of Wilson
Made the navy reserve system
Got polio at age 39
Made cars and podiums
Made the March of dimes which made a cure for polio
What did Roosevelt do as a president?
He believed Hoover was a spoiled brat
Served 4 terms and died the fourth
Made the government a huge bureaucracy and worsened the gov and depression
What were Hoovervilles?
What is the bank holiday act?
Banks shut down for four days
Sent an army to check out the bank situation and if it was bad the gif took over
What was the name of FDR's radio show?
What was rhe new deal?
Made by fdr
Created the national recovery system which was designed to end the depression and make people feel better
What was the emergency banking act?
Gave bank holidays
People began to rely on gold for money
What was the economy act?
Fdr ordered the federal government be observed and audited (spending)
He asked each dept. head to look for ways to downsize
Cut military pensions
End of prohibition
Ended the violence gangs and black market
What was rhe agricultural adjustment act?
Sort of controversial and sort of accepted
Taught farmers to be Eco friendly
And to be prepared for the dust bowls
Securities and exchange comission
Part of the federal gov that watches over the stock market
Made it illegal for companies to disclose deals "insider trading"
Looked for unethical activities in trade and stock market
What is the wpa?
Works progress administration
Similar to parks and rec
Created jobs (#1 purpose)
It bettered the community
What was rhe rural electrification act?
Put people to work building dams
What was rhe Tennessee valley authority?
Built dams on the tn River
What is the social security act,
Part of the pay heck withheld from the federal government
What are the overall benefits if the nra?
Established the nation's first minimum wage
Minimum work age
40 hours max work week
What were some problems of the nra?
Did not end the depression
People were paid to do things that were not totally necessary
Roosevelt was always challenged by the Supreme Court
What did Roosevelt do to revamp the court system?
Roosevelt's court packing plan
When was Hitler elected chancellor?
What party did hitler join?
The German workers party
Nsdap- NAZI party
Very good speaker/personality
He said the vamian republic was an illegitimate government
Interesting speaking style
What was hitler's dream?
To make Germany rhe third great reich
What did hitler do in prison?
Wrote his autobiography
Mein Kampf- my struggle
He wrote what he would do to help from the pain of WWI
He even wrote of the holocaust
He had Jewish blood in him and was from Austria not even Germany
He accused the Jews of being communist sympathizes
70 million Germans embraced the idea that Jews must be destroyed
What was the final solution?
Hitler's extermination plan
What was the name of the prison camp that was opened?
How did hitler medically classify everyone?
By significance of race
Who was hitler's role model?
"IL DUCE" the leader
What was the new government style made by italy?
Extreme form of military dictatorship
Always in military uniform
Who were the axis powers?
Alliance between Italy and Germany
How did other countries react when hitler began to break the treaty of Versailles?
They did nothing
What was Hitler Youth?
Branch of the NAZIS
For young boys
Told that their parents were less important than hitler
What were young women encouraged to do by hutler?
Have premarital sex and reproduce with blonde haired and blue eyed men
What was the Aryan race?
The super race (along with the German race)
Where were the 1936 Olympics?
What did the Germans do to prepare for the games?
Took down all signs of racism
Took down medical experiment evidence
Hitler went and shook the hands of each winner if they were German
What did Hitker do when Jesse Owens won the medal?
JO was black
He win four gold medals
Hitler left the stadium when he competed
Who was Neville Chamberlain?
The British prime minister
What did chamberlains tell hitler?
The countries of Europe can not endure his advancing any longer
Hitler agreed to stop
He signed an agreement saying they would not
What did chamberlain say when he returned home?
"We have peace for our time!"
What was the pact of steel?
A treaty between Italy and Germany
Later included Japan
What was the non aggression pact?
Promise to not attack each other but not team up between hitler and Stalin
What is blitzkrieg?
Lightning warfare without warning
Move quickly and bombard immediately
Do this to avoid trench warfare
Who declared war on Germany and the Soviet Union?
Great Britain and France
Who was Cornelia "Carrie" ten Boom?
A Dutch girl who along wit her father helped many Jews escape the holocaust
What was the name of the pact between Germany Italy and Japan?
Who were the friends closest to Britain?
What hallened at Dunkirk?
There was a heavy fog
When the fog lifted hitler saw the town was empty so he could not raid it
What are the German secret police?
Why did Hitler invade the USSR?
He saw them as scum
Where did the Japanese invade when they began to run out of room for their people?
What were the planes that did bomb runs over Japan called?
Who was the new Japanese prime minister?
What party was Tojo the leader of?
The war party
What happened on December 7th 1941?
There were Japanese in the U.S. Discussing peace
War had been declared on the U.S. By Japan that morning and they didn't know
353 Japanese planes flew over Pearl Harbor
2 waves of attack so
What was the name of the war base at PH?
Who was Dorrie Miller?
Transferred from the pyro
Ran up and got a gun from the deck and shot at everything in sight
He was Americas first war hero
What was the only battle ship that would not be raised again?
Which Japanese admiral was scared?
Admiral Isoroku Yamamota
What did Douglas MacArthur say when leaving the Philippines?
I don't want to leave but I shall return
What did fdr say about Pearl Harbor?
It was a day which will live in infantry
Who as the director of the bureau of Indian affairs?
Teenage Mexican street fangs
I generation Japanese immigrant
2 gen Japanese immigrant
What freed the Japanese prisoners?
The korematsu decision
What were children who stayed at home while their parents worked called?
Eight hour orphans
What did the senate investigating committee become?
The Truman committee
Which German cities were massively bombed?
At what battle were the French freed from the German?
Battle of saint lo
What was the lady major battle of the western front?
Battle of the bulge
When did hitler kill himself?
April 39, 1945
What day did the Germans surrender?
May 8, 1945
What was the road Stilwell made called?
The Burma, Ledo, or Stilwell road
What was the Chinese wartime capital?
Who was the Chinese leader Stilwell got into a fifth with and what did Stilwell call him?
What was the largest naval engagement in history?
The battle of Leyte gulf
What happened at the battle of Okinawa?
The Japanese sent 3500 kamikaze (suicide planes)
Who discovered the radioactivity of uranium?
Who was the leader of the Manhattan project?
General Leslie Grover
Who made the actual atomic bomb?
J. Robert Oppenheimer
What did women who fright for women's suffrage call themselves?
What was one of the most famous clubs?
The cotton club in new yorks Harlem district
Who was the biggest silent movies star?
Who was joe Lewis
The brown bombers
What dance did lucky Lindy inspire?
The lindy hop
What was the Hoover dam first called?
The Boulder dam
Who was hirler!/ girlfriend?
Who was hitlers minister of propaganda?