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Flashcards in The 20's 30's And 40's Deck (167):
1

What was the KKK devoted to?

Stopping immigration

2

What was the kkk's slogan?

100% Americanism

3

What was the 18th amendment?

The prohibition of alcohol

4

Why did people not approve of drinking?

It was unamerican
The wheat that was used to make alcohol/beer could have been used to make bread and other grainy food to send to soldiers in the war.

5

What was the Volstead Act?

Gave the police permission to enforce the law that said alcohol could not be produced, sold, shipped, or consumed in the U.S.

6

What was a bootlegger?

Someone who smuggled alcohol bottles in their boots

7

What were some places that alcohol came from?

Bathtub gin
Other countries
Mexico and Canada

8

Who made a fortune bootlegging?

Joe Kennedy
JFK's dad

9

How did gangsters transport alcohol?

They bought old submarines

10

What was the choice gun for gangsters?

Tommy gun

11

Where was the center for organized crime?

Chicago

12

What happened in Chicago?

Politics were tainted by gangsters
City bosses took over
Most corrupted politics
The police and judges were completely bought off

13

What was one way of transportation that gangsters used?

Tunnels and trap doors

14

What is racketeering?

Would have businesses pay them each month for protection and if they did not they went after them

15

What really set people off in Chicago?

In 1957, bombs went off in stores

16

How much of the east coast rejected prohibition?

95%

17

How much of Kansans followed prohibition?

95%

18

What were the underground bars called?

Speak easys

19

What were the two main cities for jazz?

KC and NO

20

Who was the great sax player from kc?

Charlie Parker

21

Who were the major gangsters?

Al Capone
John Dillinger
Bonnie and Clyde

22

What was Capone's nickname?

Scar face

23

Who was Capone?

No conscience
Nothing was too violent for him
He returned home to his family in the suburbs after violently killing people all day

24

What was the biggest event Capone was a part of?

St. Valentine's Day Massacre

25

What happened at the SVDM?

Al's men dressed as police officers
They pretended for aid Bugs Morane
Morane's guys were waiting for a shipment of illegal alcohol
Capone's men checked the dudes for weapons
The "police" shot the men

26

What does lazzies fairer mean?

Hands off

27

Who was the head of the federal bureau of investigation?

J Edgar Hoover

28

What did J Edgar Hoover do?

He collected files on Americans
Stayed director until he died
He had a lot of dirt on Kennedy
He was a cross-dresser

29

Who was Elliot ness?

The first agent on the case of Chicago gangsters
Searched for speakeasies

30

What was the top ten list?

The FBI took mugshots and put them on post office walls
Capone still escaped even through he was everywhere

31

What was Capone finally sent to jail for and what jail as he sent to?

Tax evasion
Alcatraz
They kept the jury and judges as pure as possible

32

What did Capone die from?

And std in prison
Died broken, poor, and lonely

33

What did the 21st amendment do?

It reversed the 18th amendment

34

What was the 19th amendment?

It was the right for women's suffrage
Many states had already allowed women to vote

35

Why did the people in the west allow women to vote early?

They needed more women to vote because they had too many Cowboys

36

Why were women rewarded the voting right?

Because they stepped up so much when the men were away at war

37

Who was Harry burn?

He was the final vote to see if women got suffrage or not. From Tennessee
Spoke out for women not being able to vote

38

What did Harry burn vote?

They should be able to vote
His mom wrote him a note saying "don't forget to be a good boy. Vote for suffrage"

39

What was the new organization made?

The league of women voters

40

What were the voting places and what were they changed to?

Bars saloons and clubs
Schools and churches

41


What was significant about the 1920 census?

It was the first census to show that more people lived in cities rather than in the country

42

Who was warran g Harding and what was his slogan?

Ran for president
1920
A republican
"A return to normalcy"

43

What did the republicans want?

For the government to shrink and go back to normal
Taxes to go down
Nothing would ever be normal anymore

44

How long was harding's presidency?

2 years and 5 months
He had a very mysterious death
Possible poisoned by his wife because they did not get along

45

Who became president after harding's death?

The Vice President Calvin Coolidge

46

What was coolidge's nkcknamd and why?

Silent cal
Shyest president ever
Very
lassiez-fairre
"The business of America is business"

47

What were the twenties like?

Consumer society
Buying on credit
Time of national release

48

What were some inventions in the twenties?

Radio
Electric stoves
Toasters
Vacuums
Washers
Blenders
Refrigerators

49

What was new with cars?

The model t
Soldiers wanted cars
Traffic laws
Speed limits
Traffic jams

50

Who was JC Nichols and what did he make?

Kc guy
Made the first mall with parking areas
The country club plaza
Wide roads and tons of parking
Put up Christmas lights each year to publicize it

51

Who ordered that all roads should be paved concrete?

Judge Truman

52

Why did police need cars?

To keep up with criminals

53

Why were suburbs born?

To get out of traffic

54

How did dating change in the twenties?

People went out instead of going to eachother's houses
People Went and parked in lovers lane
Drive ins emerged
This was the beginning of wreck less young people behavior

55

What was one of the major fads?

Flagpole sitting
You just climb up and sit there

56

Who held the record for flagpole sitting and how long was it for?

Alvin shipwreck Kelley
145 days

57

What was another fad?

All-day dance contests
Just go for however long you can

58

More fads

Live gold fish eating
Raccoon coats
"Age of the flapper"
They wore lipstick
Short bobbed hair
Flat chested
Goal to look like a boy
Swaying clothing
Sound in movie theaters
TV invented in the twenties just not in homes yet

59

Babe Ruth

60 home runs for the Yankees
$60,000 contract
More $than the president
"I had a better year"

60

What was a very integrated sport?

Boxing

61

What sport had the first million dollar game?

Boxing

62

Who were considered the most amazing people?

Aviators

63

Who was fine most famous aviator?

Amelia Earhart

64

Who was Wiley post?

The first airmail hero
Air traffic control

65

Who was Charles lindberg?

Most famous aviator
At age 25 he left Long Island ny on the spirit of St. Louis to try and fly across the Atlantic on a single-engine airplane
Flew 33 hours successfully and landed on Paris
Endorsed everything
Became a hermit and a million ads and died in honolulu Hawaii

66

What was the first commercial airliner?

Panam

67

What happened to culture in the twenties?

Live for today
God is questioned
Psychology emerged and grew
Divorce became normal
2000% increase
Science eclipsed faith

68

What happened in the scopes v monkey trial?

John t scopes challenged the law that creation had to be taught in all schools
The schools sued him
William Jennings Brian represented scopes side
Chance Derrow represented the evolution side
Scopes lost
It brought tons of attention to evolution

69

What act gave Indians the right to vote?

Indian citizenship act by congress

70

Who was Herbert Hoover?

Self made millionaire
Mining engineer who made $ in Australia
Popular for the U.S. Food administration
Republican
Inherited a great economy and a happy people
Lazzies-fairre
People began buying stocks

71

"On the margin"

Did not have to buy and collateral down stock buying
an investor gave you money to pay for the stocks

72

What day did the stock market collapse and what was it nicknamed?

October 29, 1929
Black Tuesday

73

What were bank runs?

People began to run into banks and demand to get their money out before it was too late and their money was gone

74

What was the depression thought to be?

A quick recession

75

What did Hoover encourage at state levels?

Encouraged volunteerism

76

What was Hoover portrayed as?

Heartless and horrible

77

What did Hoover not want?

A big government
No socialism

78

Who was fdr?

Cam from a privileged family
Made a fortune in real estate and trade
Had nannies, tutors, and went to an elite school
Had a governess
His hero is his cousin teddy
Married his cousin Elanor
Supported of Wilson
Made the navy reserve system
Got polio at age 39
Made cars and podiums
Democrat
Made the March of dimes which made a cure for polio

79

What did Roosevelt do as a president?

He believed Hoover was a spoiled brat
Served 4 terms and died the fourth
Made the government a huge bureaucracy and worsened the gov and depression

80

What were Hoovervilles?

Hobo towns

81

What is the bank holiday act?

Banks shut down for four days
Sent an army to check out the bank situation and if it was bad the gif took over

82

What was the name of FDR's radio show?

Fireside chat

83

What was rhe new deal?

Made by fdr
Economy act
Created the national recovery system which was designed to end the depression and make people feel better

84

What was the emergency banking act?

Gave bank holidays
People began to rely on gold for money

85

What was the economy act?

Fdr ordered the federal government be observed and audited (spending)
He asked each dept. head to look for ways to downsize
Cut military pensions

86

End of prohibition

Ended the violence gangs and black market

87

What was rhe agricultural adjustment act?

Sort of controversial and sort of accepted
Taught farmers to be Eco friendly
And to be prepared for the dust bowls

88

Securities and exchange comission

Part of the federal gov that watches over the stock market
Made it illegal for companies to disclose deals "insider trading"
Looked for unethical activities in trade and stock market

89

What is the wpa?

Works progress administration
Built infrastructure
Similar to parks and rec
Created jobs (#1 purpose)
It bettered the community

90

What was rhe rural electrification act?

Put people to work building dams
Msde jobs

91

What was rhe Tennessee valley authority?

Built dams on the tn River

92

What is the social security act,

Part of the pay heck withheld from the federal government

93

What are the overall benefits if the nra?

Established the nation's first minimum wage
Minimum work age
40 hours max work week

94

What were some problems of the nra?

Did not end the depression
People were paid to do things that were not totally necessary
Roosevelt was always challenged by the Supreme Court

95

What did Roosevelt do to revamp the court system?

Roosevelt's court packing plan
Never approved

96

When was Hitler elected chancellor?

March 1933

97

What party did hitler join?

The German workers party
Nsdap- NAZI party

98

about hitler:

Very good speaker/personality
Very short
Failed painter
He said the vamian republic was an illegitimate government
Interesting speaking style

99

What was hitler's dream?

To make Germany rhe third great reich

100

What did hitler do in prison?

Wrote his autobiography
Mein Kampf- my struggle
He wrote what he would do to help from the pain of WWI
He even wrote of the holocaust
He had Jewish blood in him and was from Austria not even Germany
He accused the Jews of being communist sympathizes
70 million Germans embraced the idea that Jews must be destroyed

101

What was the final solution?

Hitler's extermination plan

102

What was the name of the prison camp that was opened?

Dachau

103

How did hitler medically classify everyone?

By significance of race

104

Who was hitler's role model?

Benito Mussolini
"IL DUCE" the leader

105

What was the new government style made by italy?

Fascism
Extreme form of military dictatorship
Always in military uniform

106

Who were the axis powers?

Alliance between Italy and Germany

107

How did other countries react when hitler began to break the treaty of Versailles?

They did nothing

108

What was Hitler Youth?

Branch of the NAZIS
For young boys
Told that their parents were less important than hitler

109

What were young women encouraged to do by hutler?

Have premarital sex and reproduce with blonde haired and blue eyed men

110

What was the Aryan race?

The super race (along with the German race)

111

Where were the 1936 Olympics?

Germany

112

What did the Germans do to prepare for the games?

Took down all signs of racism
Took down medical experiment evidence
Hitler went and shook the hands of each winner if they were German

113

What did Hitker do when Jesse Owens won the medal?

JO was black
He win four gold medals
Hitler left the stadium when he competed

114

Who was Neville Chamberlain?

The British prime minister

115

What did chamberlains tell hitler?

The countries of Europe can not endure his advancing any longer
Hitler agreed to stop
He signed an agreement saying they would not

116

What did chamberlain say when he returned home?

"We have peace for our time!"

117

What was the pact of steel?

A treaty between Italy and Germany
Later included Japan

118

What was the non aggression pact?

Promise to not attack each other but not team up between hitler and Stalin

119

What is blitzkrieg?

Lightning warfare without warning
Move quickly and bombard immediately
Do this to avoid trench warfare

120

Who declared war on Germany and the Soviet Union?

Great Britain and France

121

Who was Cornelia "Carrie" ten Boom?

A Dutch girl who along wit her father helped many Jews escape the holocaust

122

What was the name of the pact between Germany Italy and Japan?

Tripartite

123

Who were the friends closest to Britain?

Dunkirk

124

What hallened at Dunkirk?

There was a heavy fog
When the fog lifted hitler saw the town was empty so he could not raid it

125

What are the German secret police?

The gastapo

126

Why did Hitler invade the USSR?

He saw them as scum

127

Where did the Japanese invade when they began to run out of room for their people?

Manchuria

128

What were the planes that did bomb runs over Japan called?

Flying tigers

129

Who was the new Japanese prime minister?

Hideki Tojo

130

What party was Tojo the leader of?

The war party

131

What happened on December 7th 1941?

There were Japanese in the U.S. Discussing peace
War had been declared on the U.S. By Japan that morning and they didn't know
353 Japanese planes flew over Pearl Harbor
2 waves of attack so

132

What was the name of the war base at PH?

Hickman field

133

Who was Dorrie Miller?

Black
A cook
Transferred from the pyro
No training
Ran up and got a gun from the deck and shot at everything in sight
He was Americas first war hero

134

What was the only battle ship that would not be raised again?

The Arizona

135

Which Japanese admiral was scared?

Admiral Isoroku Yamamota

136

What did Douglas MacArthur say when leaving the Philippines?

I don't want to leave but I shall return

137

What did fdr say about Pearl Harbor?

It was a day which will live in infantry

138

Who as the director of the bureau of Indian affairs?

John Collier

139

Braceros

Contract laborers

140

Pachucos

Teenage Mexican street fangs

141

I generation Japanese immigrant

Issai

142

2 gen Japanese immigrant

Nisei

143

What freed the Japanese prisoners?

The korematsu decision

144

What were children who stayed at home while their parents worked called?

Latchkey children
Eight hour orphans

145

What did the senate investigating committee become?

The Truman committee

146

Which German cities were massively bombed?

Leipzig
Dresden
Berlin

147

At what battle were the French freed from the German?

Battle of saint lo

148

What was the lady major battle of the western front?

Battle of the bulge

149

When did hitler kill himself?

April 39, 1945

150

What day did the Germans surrender?

May 8, 1945

151

What was the road Stilwell made called?

The Burma, Ledo, or Stilwell road

152

What was the Chinese wartime capital?

Chungking

153

Who was the Chinese leader Stilwell got into a fifth with and what did Stilwell call him?

Chaing kai-shek
The peanut

154

What was the largest naval engagement in history?

The battle of Leyte gulf

155

What happened at the battle of Okinawa?

The Japanese sent 3500 kamikaze (suicide planes)

156

Who discovered the radioactivity of uranium?

Enrico Fermi

157

Who was the leader of the Manhattan project?

General Leslie Grover

158

Who made the actual atomic bomb?

J. Robert Oppenheimer

159

What did women who fright for women's suffrage call themselves?

Silent sentinels

160

What was one of the most famous clubs?

The cotton club in new yorks Harlem district

161

Who was the biggest silent movies star?

Charlie Chaplin

162

Who was joe Lewis

Boxer
The brown bombers

163

What dance did lucky Lindy inspire?

The lindy hop

164

What was the Hoover dam first called?

The Boulder dam

165

Who was hirler!/ girlfriend?

Eva Braun

166

Who was hitlers minister of propaganda?

Joseph goebbels

167

What was reborn in this era?

The KKK