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0

What else is this period known as?

New manifest destiny/ progressive Europe

1

When was the new manifest destiny?

1896-1919

2

Who was the main leader of the first manifest destiny?

Polk

3

What was the 20th century known as and what did it do?

The American century
Shaped the entire century

4

Which president best fit the idea of new manifest destiny?

William McKinley

5

Who was McKinley?

A republican
Last civil war president
Not a general but a private

6

Who's assistant was McKinley?

Hayes

7

Where did McKinney fight?

Antietam

8

What did McKinley do after the war?

Got a law degree
Served in the house of reps for seven years
Served as ohios governor
3rd president to be assassinated

9

Who were two huge authors in NMD?

Frederick Jackson Turner
Alfred Thayer Mahan

10

Where did Fredrick Jackson turner work?

The university of Wisconsin

11

What did FJT write?

The significance of the frontier in American history

12

What did turners book come to be called?

Turners frontier thesis

13

Why did he write the thesis?

To give it at the Chicago Colombian exposition

14

What was the CCE celebrating and when was it?

400 year anniversary of Columbus

15

Why was Chicago chosen?

Trains and population

16

What kinds of things were at the CCE?

First Ferris wheel
Commercial theater
Electric generators displayed
Electric lights
First neon lights

17

What was the Chicago Colombian exposition an inspiration for?

The wizard of oz

18

What did turner say?

He said there was no more frontier and the west was settled

19

What did turner compare the west to?

The steam valve- released people and pressure into it when necessary

20

Who was the most powerful nation?

Great Britain

21

What did Britain have?

Few raw materials
A lot of tin

22

What was GB's nickname?

"The land of tin"

23

What was GB's strategy?

They went to places that were rich in natural resources and industrialized them.

24

How did Britain view itself?

As the mother to other countries and that when they abandoned their countries, they would not know how to govern themselves

25

Who was Alfred Thayer Mahan?

A retired naval officer

26

What was mahan's book?

A bestseller
The influence of sea power upon history

27

What was the main point of AT Mahan's book?

All the way back in ancient history, it is always the nation with the best navy that had the most power.

28

What were so,e problems the U.S. Had with their navy?

Subs and airplanes were now emerging

29

What did Mahan suggest the U.S. Do?

1. Put a naval presence in the Caribbean.
2. Put a naval presence in Hawaii
-it had a good location
-Pearl Harbor
3. Put a naval presence in the South Pacific islands

30

What was already happening by the time mahan's book was a best seller?

The Hawaii plan was already in play

31

Hawaii's history

Small history
Polynesians found it but did not settle
The things that they are famous for and known for are not native to the island.
They made individual kingdoms on each island

32

Who was the biggest Hawaiian leader?

Kamehameha

33

What was kamehameha the first to do?

Unify the islands

34

Who was captain James cook?

Captain of the HMS revolution
Mapped the east coast of Australia
Discovered New Zealand
Almost every archipelago
Discovered Hawaii for Europe
Named the sandwich islands

35

Who were the sandwich islands named for?

The fourth earl of sandwich
He was very into cards
He told his chef to make him a way to hold his cards and meat at the same time

36

What happened between cook and kamehameha?

The Hawaiians stole from Cook and he confronted them.

37

Why did Hawaiians embrace other cultures?

They saw that they needed improvements within themselves

38

What idea did kamehameha embrace?

Palaces

39

What did the Americans do?

They brought new ideas
Became entrepreneurs
They built things on Hawaiian soil

40


Which island was bought by dole?

Lanai

41

Who was john Palmer Parker?

With cook
Married one of kamehameha'so daughters

42

Why was Palmer special?

He was European

43

What did Palmer bring to Hawaii?

Cattle

44

How big did Palmer's farm get to?

480,000 acres

45

Did the missionaries to Hawaii agree with the white man's burden?

No

46

Who was father Damien and what did he have a burden for?

Catholic
Polynesian leprosy

47

What did Damien buy and what did he do with it?

Molokai
Made a leper colony

48

Who was in charge of the student movement?

Dwight. L. Moody

49

What was the student movements?

Tried to teach young people to make missions as a career
He sent out 20,000 people

50

Who was the first to put footnotes at the bottom of the Bible?

Central American faith mission

51

What mission did sCofield make?

Central American faith mission
Sent out thousands to China

52

Who was Lottie moon?

A significant missionary to China

53

Who was adoniram Judson?

First significant missionary to Burma

54

Who was Hiram Bingham?

First missionary to Hawaii.

55

What rings did Bingham fight for?

Getting rid of prostituiton
Stop abuse of Hawaiians for cheap labor by Americans.

56

Which King died two years after being elected?

Lunalilo

57

Which King was not very highly esteemed and not considered legit?

King Kalakua

58

What did he spend fifteen years in and want to control? (Kalakua)

The legislature

59

Who did kalakua over?

The white Anglo Saxon dominant legislature

60

Who was the elected sister of Kalakua?

Queen Liluokalani
She was a nationalist

61

What did Liluokalani want to do and because of what?

Rewrite the state constitution because of American lead riots across Hawaii

62

What did Grover Cleveland do in response?

He sent the marines
Dissolved the government
Created the committee of safety

63

Who was the only president of the republic of Hawaii?

Stanford B Dole

64

What did McKinley ask congress to do in response to for republic of Hawaii?

Annex Hawaii

65

Who disputed over Samoa?

Britain and Germany

66

Who got Samoa?

Brits took a cash settlement from McKinley
Germany split it with us.

67

What did we get out of the deal for Samoa?

Pago Pago harbor

68

How long was the Spanish American war?

Four months

69

What did the U.S. Add as a result of the SA war?

Puerto Rico
Guam
The Philippines
Guantanamo bay

70

What was the secretary of states nickname?

John haye
The splendid little

71

What did Cuba do?

Appeal to the U.S.

72

What did the nationalists in Cuba want to do?

Rebel

73

Who were the main yellow journalists?

William Randolph Hurst
Joseph Pulitzer

74

What were hurst and Randolph doing?

At war with each other and wanted to sell more papers

75

What did hurst do?

Sent artists to Cuba

76

Who was the artist hurst sent?

Fredrick Remington
His goal was to sympathize with Cubans

77

What did hurst say?

"You furnish the pictures, I'll furnish the war"

78

Who was the Spanish ambassador?

Dupuy de Lome

79

What happened to the De Lome letter?

Published
It was supposed to calm the U.S., not cause tension

80

What did de lome do?

He resigned

81

What did valeriano "butcher" weyler create?

The modern concentration camp

82

What was the tension between the U.S. And Spain caused by?

The press

83

What did the U.S. Do to help Cuba?

They sent a "calming" military presence to havanna

84

What ship did the U.S. Send to Cuba?

The U.S.S. Maine

85

What happened in Cuba on February 15th 1898?

The Maine suddenly exploded

86

How many sailors died?

266

87

Who did the yellow press blame the explosion on?

Spain sabatoged it.

88

What is there evidence to suggest about the Maine?

There was sabotage and accident

89

What brought Arlington fame?

The soldiers of the Maine being buried there.

90

What was the battle cry after the USS?

Remember the Maine

91

What did the U.S. Do?

Told the Spanish to get rid of the camps
They did all of it, but they kept their land in Cuba

92

What did McKinley ask congress for?

A declaration of war on Spain

93

What did the U.S. Realize after they declared the war?

They were unprepared
Needed volunteers
Had no way to fight them in Cuba

94

What is the American asiatic sqadrant?

They ordered them to attack the Spanish in the Philippines

95

Who was the commander of the American asiatic squadrant?

Commodore George Dewey

96

What was the sqadrant's strategy?

They did not want to look like they were in the war- not secretive at all

97

Where did the U.S. Catch the Spanish by surprise?

Manila bay

98

What happened ad manilla bay?

The U.S. Hit only one mine
Made five passes
Shot everything
all Spanish ships were sunk
400+ Spanish died
No Americans died

99

How did the only U.S. Soldier die at manilla bay?

He had a heat stroke

100

What did Dewey become known as?

Hero of manilla bay

101

What happened to Dewey when they got back?

He was a huge celebrity
The people didn't know that he was not as great as he was made up to be
He was ranked admiral of the navy
Congress created the Dewey medal and he is the only person to ever get it
*he was stuck in the Philippines during all of this
He ran for presidents for the democrats

102

What huge mistake did Dewey make?

He married a catholic woman
The nation did not want the catholic influence in the presidency
He said the presidency is a minor position and just follows the congress
He admitted publicly that he had never votes

103

What harbor did the Spanish admiral pull his entire fleet into and why?

Santiago harbor
To resupply a fort

104

What did he us do while the Spanish were in the Santiago?

Trapped them and sent out for volunteers of anyone they could get

105

Who were the rough riders?

Cowboys who volunteered

106

Who was the leader of the RR?

Theodore Roosevelt

107

Who wa TR?

Sec of the navy- gave it up
Big personality and voice
A USV -United States volunteer

108

Where did the volunteers meet up?

Tampa Florida

109

What was the huge hill in Cuba?

San Juan hill

110

What did tr do at the hill?

He ordered them to charge it
It was a suicide run
They made it up

111

How was TR rewarded for his run?

A congressional Medal of Honor

112

What happened after the run?

The U.S. Forces came and within a few weeks they had taken the fort

113

What deal did the U.S. Make with Spain?

They were gonna take them anyways, but they would pay Spain $20 million for Guam, Philippines, and Puerto Rico

114

What did the U.S. Ask for from Cuba for helping them?

45 square miles in Cuba- Guantanamo bay

115

What did john haye say?

As a result of our splendid little war

116

What did TR do after the Cuba stuff?

Became governor of ny
Then ran as vp for McKinley

117

What were the results of the Spanish American war?

Now needed a much larger navy to control the empire
More military training schools
The joint chief of staff- the top dudes from each branch advise the president
Made a national guard
Needed more revenue

118

Who were the freedom fighters?

The nationalists in the Philippines

119

What did the U.S. Call the Philippine war?

Philippine insurrection

120

What did the Philippines call the war?

The war for independence

121

Who were the anti imperialist league?

People who wanted to give the Philippines freedom

122

What was the only Christian nation in Asia

The Philippines

123

What were the 1900's called?

The century of progress/promise

124

Who was Hiram Bingham?

First missionary to Hawaii.

125

What rings did Bingham fight for?

Getting rid of prostituiton
Stop abuse of Hawaiians for cheap labor by Americans.

126

Which King died two years after being elected?

Lunalilo

127

Which King was not very highly esteemed and not considered legit?

King Kalakua

128

What did he spend fifteen years in and want to control? (Kalakua)

The legislature

129

Who did kalakua over?

The white Anglo Saxon dominant legislature

130

Who was the elected sister of Kalakua?

Queen Liluokalani
She was a nationalist

131

What did Liluokalani want to do and because of what?

Rewrite the state constitution because of American lead riots across Hawaii

132

What did Grover Cleveland do in response?

He sent the marines
Dissolved the government
Created the committee of safety

133

Who was the only president of the republic of Hawaii?

Stanford B Dole

134

What did McKinley ask congress to do in response to for republic of Hawaii?

Annex Hawaii

135

Who disputed over Samoa?

Britain and Germany

136

Who got Samoa?

Brits took a cash settlement from McKinley
Germany split it with us.

137

What did we get out of the deal for Samoa?

Pago Pago harbor

138

How long was the Spanish American war?

Four months

139

What did the U.S. Add as a result of the SA war?

Puerto Rico
Guam
The Philippines
Guantanamo bay

140

What was the secretary of states nickname?

John haye
The splendid little

141

What did Cuba do?

Appeal to the U.S.

142

What did the nationalists in Cuba want to do?

Rebel

143

Who were the main yellow journalists?

William Randolph Hurst
Joseph Pulitzer

144

What were hurst and Randolph doing?

At war with each other and wanted to sell more papers

145

What did hurst do?

Sent artists to Cuba

146

Who was the artist hurst sent?

Fredrick Remington
His goal was to sympathize with Cubans

147

What did hurst say?

"You furnish the pictures, I'll furnish the war"

148

Who was the Spanish ambassador to the U.S.?

Dupuy de Lome

149

What letter was published and what happened?

The de lome letter
It was supposed to calm the tension, but it caused more

150

Who invented the modern concentration camp?

Valeriano "butcher" weyler

151

What was the tension between the U.S. And Spain caused by?

The press

152

Where did the U.S. Send a military presence?

Havanna

153

What ship did the U.S. Send?

USS Maine

154

What happened on February 15, 1898 and what caused it?

The Maine suddenly exploded
No one knows
266 sailors died

155

What did the yellow press publish about the Maine?

That Spain sabatoged it

156

Where were the sailors buries?

Arlington

157

What was the battle cry after the ship?

Remember the Maine

158

What did McKinley ask congress for on April 24, 1898?

A declaration of war on Spain

159

What did they realize after they declared?

Unprepared
Need volunteers
They had no way to fight them in Cuba

160

What did the American asiatic squad rant do?

Thus were ordered to attack the Spanish at the Philippines

161

Who was the leader of the AAS?

Commodore George Dewey

162

What was the AAS strategy?

They were not secretive at all

163

Why was the pan American exposition in buffalo?

It is super close to niagra falls

164

Where did McKinley get shot?

In front of the temple of magic

165

Who shot McKinley?

Leon Czolgsoz

166

Describe Czolgsoz

He had his arm in a cast with a gun inside the cast
McKinley patted him on the back and Leon shot him twice in the chest and side

167

What did McKinley say when he was shot?

"Dont hurt that man

168

What was a problem that the doctors faced?

They found one bullet and one was hidden so they couldn't find it and it got too dark because all the lights were outside

169

How did McKinley die?

Infection

170

Who had just arrived to go to the field?

Robert Todd Lincoln

171

Who was Leon?

Polish/Russian immigrant
Disciple of Emma Goldman

172

Who was Emma Goldman?

Anarchist
Jewish immigrant
Hated the U.S.
Wanted an elimination of the government
Wanted the good working people of the country to come together and make decisions for the country

173

Who was the first Villain to die from the electric chair?

Leon Czolgsoz

174

What did mark Hanna say?

Now look, that cowboy is the president of the United States

175

Who was Theodore roosevlet?

Accidental president
Youngest president
1st to have his pic taken in a necktie
Very energetic
Sickly as a boy, so he embraced the medicine ball and it made him energetic
Little kid at heart
6 kids and a wife
Photographic memory
Read 2-3 books a day
Write 24 books
Nyc police commissioner
Gov of ny
Adventurous

176

Where did TR take a hunting trip to?

Mississippi

177

How did he get the teddy bear nickname?

Bc they found a baby bear and told him to shoot it
He wouldn't
He was kind

178

Who was the first great conservationist president?

Teddy

179

Who was the father of conservation?

John Muir

180

What did tr create?

National Forrest service

181

Who headed the national Forest service?

Gifford Pinchot

182

How many miles did TR set apart?

220

183

Who was at war for freshwater ports?

Japan and Russia

184

Who made a peace deal between Japan and Russia and what did he win?

TR
a Nobel peace prize

185

What did panama become a part of?

Colombia

186

Who made a deal to Colombia to make a Panama Canal?

France

187

How much did the French spend and how many people died?

$287 million
22,000

188

Who made a treaty with Colombia to pick up where the French left off?

John hay

189

What was the system the U.S. Used?

Locks

190

What did Roosevelt do for the Panamanians?

Put the full force of the navy behind them for their revolution
He recognized them as a new nation

191

When was construction for the canal?

1904-14

192

How many more men died in construction?

27,000

193

What was tr concerned with?

That Japan was becoming too powerful in the pacific

194

What did TR do with the fleet?

Painted them white
The great white fleet

195

What was the purpose of the good will tour of the world?

To show Japan their powerful navy

196

Describe the first World Series

9 games
Fifty cents a game
Between the Pittsburg Pirates and the Boston puritans

197

What was the first airplane called?

The wright flyer one

198

How far was the first successful flight and which brother was it?

120 feet
12 seconds
6.8 mph

199

What did the St. Louis fair celebrate?

Celebrated the beginning of Lewis and clarke's journey

200

How many people went to the St. Louis fair?

20 million

201

What else was in mo in 1904?

The summer Olympics

202

Who were two notable people that were there?

Jack Daniels
John Phillips Sousa

203

What were some firsts there?

Ice cream cone
Hot dogs
Hamburgers
Peanut butter
Iced tea
Cotton candy
Dr pepper

204

Where was the huge earthquake?

San Francisco

205

How did the fire start after the earthquake?

Gas lines broke and the city caught on fire

206

How many city blocks were destroyed
How many died
How many homeless?

500
3000
400,000

207

Who did TR encourage to run?

William Howard Taft

208

Who was the biggest president?

Taft

209

Who was the only person to serve in congress, as the president, and a Supreme Court Chief Justice?

Taft

210

What did Taft bring to third world countries?

Dollar deplomacy

211

What did DD do?

Sent third world countries money in hopes they would be nice
And border countries

212

How much more land did Taft set aside than tr?

Four times

213

What party did tr create?

The progressive party

214

Where was tr when he was shot at?

Milwaukee

215

Who shot TR and who was he?

John Shranck
Saloon owner
Mad because TR stood for temperance

216

What did tr call his party?

Bull moose

217

What disease did TR get and where?

Malaria
Amazon

218

Who was the first African American to fight for equal rights immediately?

WEB Dubois

219

What did Dubois found?

National association for the advancement of colored people

220

Why was feb 12, 1909 chosen?

100 years since lincoln's birth

221

How did some people celebrate lynching?

Post cards

222

Who was the second democrat president since Lincoln?

Wilson

223

Who is the only president to have a phd?

Wilson

224

What college was Wilson the president of?

Princeton

225

What did Wilson believe the solution to all problems was?

Create a government agency for everything

226

What kind of congress did Wilson have?

All democrat

227

What did Wilson introduce?

The first permanent income tax

228

What amendment did Wilson wrote?

16

229

What does manifest mean?

Obvious

230

What is the white man's burden?

They felt the need to share their culture and wisdom with al,

231

Who was hawaii's last monarch?

Queen Liliuokalani

232

What is hawaii's former royal palace?

The Hawaiian Iolani State House

233

What is one of the prominent features at the Arlington cemetery

The mast from the Maine

234

What is the Olympia now?

On display at a floating museum in Philadelphia

235

Who was the Spanish admiral?

Pascal carvers

236

Who was Roosevelt's commander?

Leonard wood

237

What is the U.S. naval base in Guantanamo bay?

Gitmo

238

What did tr say?

It wasn't much of a war but it was the best war we had

239

What did blind justice do?

Revealed the tyranny behind the curtain

240

What were the last words czolgosz spoke?

I killed the president because he was the enemy of the good people - the good working people. I am not sorry for my crime. I done my duty.

241

What were TR's favorite words?

Strenuous
Bully
Dee-lighted

242

No credit and no questions asked guaranteed

JC penny

243

What is TR's most famous slogan?

Speak softly and carry a big stick. You will go far

244

Which president ended the devastating coal strike of 1902

TR

245

Which magazine got the most attention from the muckrakers?

Mclure's magazine

246

Who wrote the jungle and what did it make people do?

Upton Sinclair
Not eat meat anymore

247

What did Sinclair say of the pure food and drug act?

I aimed for america's heart, but I accidentally hit them in the stomach

248

Which compass direction did the canal go?

North to south

249

Which president was the first to be in the Oval Office?

Taft

250

Who made the wizard of oz?

L. Frank Baum

251

What was the name of dewey's ship?

USS Olympia

252

What was JC Penny's payment method?

Cash only

253

What was penny's motto?

The golden rule

254

How many coal workers went on strike and what did they form?

140,000
United miners workers union

255

How did Sinclair get his research?

He worked at a meat packing place in Chicago

256

What year was the SA war?

1898

257

What did progressives care about?

They believed in progress in their own terms
No foundational document
Not even the Bible
Get rid of the laissez fairre approach
Look to current day for wisdom

258

What was the social gospel?

They saw things needed to be fixed but they did not need God to fix the