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When was the gilded age?

1877-1895

1

What was this age?

A time when capitalism was fully embraced

2

What is capitalism?

Taking a seed (money) and investing it in something in hopes it will grow (create more money).

3

Why is competition a good thing?

It makes quality, price, and service better
People want the best quality, so competition makes people strive to make a better product

4

Who created the phrase "survival of the fittest"?

Herbert spencer

5

What is social Darwinism?

This says that evolution and survival of the fittest applies to the economy

6

What quote sums up the idea of social Darwinism?

"If you cannot compete, you deserve for your business to be overrun."

7

What was a huge product during this age?

Steel

8

Who made the first skyscraper?

The U.S.

9

What were they calling places with skyscrapers?

Vertical cities.

10

What did the world convert to?

Fossil fuels

11

What happened to local markets?

They became national markets

12

What did advertising show men and women?

It especially showed women what the latest style was, but also showed some of that to men

13

What happened to music in this time period?

It went national for the first time.

14

What was the US recognized as for the first time?

An industrial power

15

What else was the US recognized as?

The melting pot

16

Who was Herbert spencer?

A British philosopher
Created the concept of social Darwinism

17

What does gilded mean?

Covered
Coated
Highlighted with gold
Something of a golden color

18

Who were Nate presidents in the guided age?

Hayes
Garfield
Arthur
Cleveland
Harrison
Cleveland

19

Who was Cleveland married to?

Frankie

20

What was the name of their child?

Ruth Cleveland

21

What candy was named for her?

Baby Ruth

22

Which president was in power when new states were added and how many?

6

23

What was the significance of the middle class?

There were a lot of new businesses
It gave people the hope to move up classes
If you were at the top, there was less to fall

24

How many patents were made between 1860 and 1890?

500,000

25

How many patents existed before that?

50,000

26

Where was Alexander graham bell from?

Scotland

27

What inspired him to improve herring?

His mother had bad hearing

28

What did aleck invent as boy?

A dummy head

29

What did he and his father invent and they went on tour?

A lip reading machine

30

Why were deaf people considered retarded?

Because they talked funny

31

Where did the bell family move and why?

Canada and because of financial reasons

32

What were two of Edison's inventions that helped people who couldn't hear?

The first amplified speaker and piano

33

Why did he move to Boston?

There were a lot of deaf schools

34

Who did he meet?

Helen Keller

35

What did he experiment with?

Harmonic telegraphy

36

What was that?

A telegraph with sound

37

Why did he not make a patent in America first?

He wanted to have one in Great Britain and he wanted to have one in the US and you can't patent anything that had been patented in another country in Great Britain

38

Who else applied for a patent on the same device on the same day?

Elisha grey

39

What was different about grey's invention?

He used water

40

Who was the patent officer?

Zenas Wilber

41

Why did bell win the patent war?

He was a civil war vet who fought in the same section as Wilber

42

What did were the first words spoken over telephone?

They were spoken by bell saying them to his assistant: "mr. Watson, come quickly, I need you."

43

What year did he get his European patent?

1976

44

Where did he go to try to sell his invention?

The western union

45

How much did he ask them for?

100,000

46

How much was the patent on the telephone worth in 1878?

25 million dollars

47

What did he create to work on inventions with?

Bell labs

48

What was Thomas Edison's nickname?

The wizard of Menlo park

49

What was Edison's most famous idea?

The think tank

50

How many patents did Edison have?

1,100

51

Was Thomas a good dude?

No. He stole most of his ideas

52

What was the ticker tape machine?

It was basically the same as a telegraph, but it transferred words on to a reel

53

What is a phonograph?

Record player

54

What sorts of things did people buy for phonographs?

Recordings of speeches of presidents

55

Who invented the first motion picture camera, film, and projector and who was the first producer?

Thomas Edison

56

What was the first film made?

The great train robbery

57

What kind of battery did he invent?

Nickel-alkaline

58

What is he most famous for inventing?

A filament for the lightbulb

59

Who was the biggest backer for Edison?

JP Morgan

60

What was the filament made of?

Carbonized cardboard

61

Where was the first demonstration of flip light switches?

JP Morgan's home

62

Where did he build the first transformers?

Lower Manhattan

63

Why did Edison build on Wall Street?

So that the investors could see it

64

What day did he power up part of nyc?

September 4th, 1882

65

What other city did he set up lights in?

London

66

Which president and his wife were terrified of electricity, therefore refused to touch a lightswitch?

Ben Harrison

67

What was one way that Edison advertised for his electricity?

On Coney Island amusement park, he put topsy the elephant down with electricity in public to show the benefits of electricity

68

Where were most of the immigrants from?

England, Ireland, Northern Europe, Italians, poles, Russians, Greeks, Slavs,

69

What did the labor contract law do?

Allowed them to pay for the passage of workers in advance and deduct the amount later from their wages.

70

What were working conditions like?

There was no job security, things were now impersonal because jobs that were done by hand were now done by machines,

71

How many factory workers were women?

20%

72

What industry did women mainly work in?

Textiles

73

How many children were in the work force?

1.7 million

74

What percentage of girls ages 10-15 worked?

10%

75

What percentage of all boys worked?

20%

76

What kind of laws were there, even if they were widely ignored?

If they were 12 years old, they could only have a 10 hour day

77

Who were the "Molly Maguires"?

A coal region of Pennsylvania that used violence and murder to do jobs

78

What happened in the railroad strike of 1877?

They were protesting about 10% wage cuts

79

Who was the leader of the noble order of the Knights of labor?

Uriah S. Stephens

80

Who was not allowed in the Knights of labor?

Lawyers, bankers, liquor dealers, and pro gamblers

81

What did the kol fight for?

8 hour workdays, and no children working

82

Who moved into a public group?

Terence V. Powderly

83

What was the federation of organized trade and labor unions of the United States known as?

The American federation of labor

84

Who was the leader of the afl?

Samuel Gompers

85

Which group had a strike in the haymaker square?

McCormick Harvester Company

86

How many people died and were injured in the bombing?

7 died
77 killed

87

What was the most powerful trade union?

The almalgamated association of iron and steel

88

Who was the head of the Carnegie system?

Henry clay frick

89

What were the guards from the Pinkerton detective agency hired by frick called?

Strike breakers

90

What happened when the strike breakers and the pinker tons met?

The sb's poured gasoline on the water and set it on fire and they killed a few people. The almalagated surrendered.

91

Who was the electricity war between?

Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse

92

Which person chose direct current and what was that?

Thomas Edison and it delivered electricity only a few miles but was Safe

93

What was alternating current and who chose it?

Not tamed yet, but could send electricity very far
George Westinghouse

94

What did Westinghouse invent?

First air breaks for trains, switches for railroad tracks, electric train signals, 1st automobile shock absorbers

95

Where was nikola tesla from?

Hungary

96

What was tesla?

The first mad scientist

97

Who did tesla work with when he first came to the U.S.?

Edison

98

Why was tesla fired by his employer?

Tesla wanted to go with AC, but Edison wanted dc

99

Where did tesla go?

To work with Westinghouse

100

Who was Leonard pope?

The nation's top engineer

101

How did pope die?

He was electrocuted and died while making the first AC transformer

102

Who did pope work for?

Westinghouse

103

Who suggested getting rid of criminals by using electricity?

Edison

104

What did Edison say was the best way to prove AC was bad?

By using it to electrocute people

105

Who was the first to die on the electric chair?

William kemmler

106

What did kemmler choose when asked to pick how he would like to be executed?

Hanging

107

What did kemmler' lawyer say to try to get out of it?

It was cruel and unusual

108

What was the chair called?

Sparky

109

How did the death of?

He struggled allot and they thought he was dead three times

110

What did Edison want to call the chair?

Westinghousing

111

Who developed a safe AC transformer?

Tesla

112

Where was a huge AC transformer installed?

Niagra falls

113

What were some nicknames of tesla?

Father of physics
The man who invented the twentieth century
Master of lightning
Patron saint of modern electricity

114

What else did tesla invent?

The first induction motor

115

What is the tesla affect?

Using any sort of remote

116

Who invented x Rays and plasma Rays?

Tesla

117

What was one of Tesla's problem?

He would come up with an idea but he was so unorganized that he would lose the sketch and forget about it

118

Where was guglielmlo Marconi from?

Italy

119

What was Marconi famous for?

He was the father of radio

120

What did tesla get mad about?

Marconi stole his idea and won a Nobel prize for it

121

Tesla motors

Tesla had nothing to do with them

122

What were the first ice boxes?

Metal boxes with space for a block of ice to come through

123

Where did the ice men get water from?

Rivers

124

What companies were the first to push for electric refrigeration?

The breweries

125

What happened when machines were introduced for this?

People lost jobs
It was cheaper
People gained helpful tools
The railroad tracks were tripled
All goods became national
Farms became commercial

126

What replaced the blubber and oil?

Kerosene

127

What became popular during this ages?

Professional offices
File cabinets
Type writers

128

What was the first vertical city?

The U.S.

129

What enabled people to make large buildings?

Mass produced steel

130

What was the tallest structure before skyscrapers?

Church steeples

131

Who invented the safety elevator?

Elisha Otis

132

How did Otis improve the elevator?

He made kinks so that it would not fall all the way to the ground when it fell

133

What was the first skyscraper and how tall was it?
10 stories

Chicago's home insurance building

134

Who were the leading architects of the Chicago schools?

Louis Sullivan and frank Lloyd

135

What happened to transportation in the guided age?

Mass transit
Traffic problems

136

Where was ten first subway system?

Boston
It went under the harbor

137

Why did la need an aqueduct?

They had no freshwater supply

138

Who was the head of the aqueduct?

William mulholland

139

How long was the chute and where was it from?

233 miles long and from owen's called in the north

140

What happened to the valley?

It was sucked dry

141

What did the farmers of Owens valley do?

They declared legal was on LA

142

What were some new things that emerged in the field of advertising?

Trademarks and brand names
Catalogs and magazines
Newspapers with pictures
Electric billboards
Blow up things

143

What were the first trading cards?

They came with cigarettes
They at first had presidents and business men on them but then switched to baseball players

144

How did Henry Heinz adveritse?

He drove around a huge ketchup bottle

145

How many brand names were there at the beginning then the end of the guilded age?

121
70,000

146

What was the most popular way for traveling salesmen to scam?

Medicine- they put addictive thing in them so that people would co tinge to buy them

147

Where was Heinz from?

Germany

148

Where did Heinz settle?

Pittsburg Pennsylvania

149

What was the first product that Heinz made?

Horse radish

150

What made Heinz different from other companies?

He offered guarantees
He labeled the ounces
He always did the right thing
Practiced the golden rule
Give health care to his employees
Built a library at his factory
Offered fee concerts
Had a clean and well ventilated factory
Had a factory dining room

151

Where did he get the "57 varieties"?

He just liked the number

152

Who invented cola and where was he from?

John pemberton
Atlanta Georgia

153

What did he put in the soda and why?

Cocaine and sugar
The more they drank, the more they wanted

154

Who made coke what it is today?

Asa candler

155

What was DNS first change Asa made?

Changed the bottle to glass

156

Why did the soda jerks love coke?

It came pre mixed

157

Where did Richard Sears work?

A railroad depot in Minnesota

158

What was the first thing Sears sold?

Pocket watches

159

What did Sears think the best way to reach the country was?

A catalog

160

Who did Sears team up with?

Alvah C. Roebuck
A jeweler

161

What was one claim Sears made?

They had clearly stated prices

162

Why was the most popular city the most popular one for catalogs?

Chicago because the trains

163

What did the rural free delivery act say?

Sears could ship their catalogs for free once they printed them

164

Describe the catalog

500 pages thick
Sold everything
Carried customer testimonials

165

How tallwas the Sears tower?

10 stories

166

What were two popular women's magazines?

Harper's Bazar
The ladies home journal

167

What did you call the first billionaires if you liked them?

Captains of industry

168

What did you call fans billionaires if you hated them?

Robbed barons

169

Who was the billionaire that was the son of a New York banker?

JP Morgan

170

What was interesting anout his dad?

He was very conservative and made a small fortune over his lifetime

171

What was JP Morgan's strategy?

He looked for troubled industries and bought them

172

Who was Morgan a disciple of?

Fredrick Winslow Taylor

173

What was the process of Taylorism?

He watched the process of things and tried to see if every step was done on the most efficient way

174

What was morganizing?

He would bring in people who knew about the industry and the previous owner of companies and ask them how it was and what improvement there could be and he paid them for the advice

175

Who was the nation's first billionaire?

JP Morgan

176

What was Morgan's legacy?

He created Wall Street
He donated money to museums of art and medical schools.

177

What did James b. Duke go by?

Buck

178

Where was duke from?

Prone south

179

What did duke think he could rebuild the south with?

Textiles and tobacco

180

What machine did duke buy?

An automated cigarette maker

181

What company did he found?

The American Tobacco Company

182

What did duke develop?

Hydroelectric plants

183

Where was oil found?

Western Pennsylvania

184

Which millionaire borrowed money young and bought a small oil refinery?

John D. Rockefeller

185

What did rock realize the future was in?

Refining not drilling

186

Where was fine oil refi fig capital?

Cleveland Ohio

187

What movement was rock a proponent of?

Efficiency

188

What happened in the Cleveland massacre?

He gobbled up 22 refineries

189

How did rock get rid of the competitor he could not buy out?

He bought the railroad tracks that were under the refinery pumps and he told them they had to stop pumping over his property

190

What was the concept of trust?

He broke up his company into 100's of small companies and secretly owned all of them so he didn't seem too powerful

191

What was horizontal integration?

Rock controlled 95% of all the worlds oil refineries and he bought all of the companies related to oil refineries

192

How did he make his industry more successful?

He forced railroads to not ship anyone's oil besides

193

How did standard oils original investors do?

They all became multi millionaires

194

What was the interstate commerce act of 1887?

It forbade railroads from making special deals with anybody
Specifically for standard oil
The newspaper now had to publish their rates

195

What did the Sherman antitrust act of 1890 say?

If a cooperation was deemed by the federal government to be squashing competition, it would have to go to court and defend itself or start to be broken up
They had to prove they were not a monopoly

196

What happened in 1892 to standard oil?

If began to be forcibly broken up

197

What was rocks legacy?

Rockefeller center
Radio city music hall
Donated to medical causes and researches

198

Where was Andrew Carnegie from?

The uk
Scotland

199

Where di Carnegies movie move and why?

Pittsburg
Money

200

What did Carnegie notice?

The importance of iron in the civil war

201

What did Carnegie hear about?

New steel bullet made by Henry Bessemer who found a better way to make steel

202

What was the size of the steel maker Carnegie made?

3 football fields

203

How much did steel production improve?

Prices dropped by 80%
Production went from 3,000 tons per year to 11 million

204

How many skyscrapers were there in 1902?

65

205

Who built the buildings?

Roughnecks

206

What was interesting about the way they built?

No safety
Paid very well
Died all the time
40% died or were permanently disabled

207

What was one of the biggest architectural feats?

The Brooklyn bridge was built

208

How long did the BB take to build?

13 years

209

What did the bb connect?

Brooklyn and nyc

210

How did the city of NYC prove that it was not gonna collapse?

It had the wringling brother circus March their elephants across the bridge

211

Who bought Carnegies business?

JP Morgan

212

How much was caenegie's net worth?

1% of the wealth in the country

213

What were Carnegies religious views?

Atheist

214

What book did Carnegie write?

The gospel of wealth

215

What did Carnegie believe about his wealth?

He did not want to leave it to his kids or donate it to charity or anything

216

What did Carnegie do with his wealth?

How made libraries because no cities had public libraries
He did it all for free as long as the people promised to keep it maintained and clean

217

What did Carnegie give his money to?

Negro charities and Tuskegee institutes

218

How much money is estimates that Carnegie gave away?

5 billion dollars

219

What did Henry ford not invent?

Cars

220

Who did invent the automobile?

Karl Benz

221

Who invented the assembly line?

Ransom olds

222

Who made the first cars that used fossil fuels instead of steam power?

Duryea Brothers

223

In 1900 how many cars were in the U.S. and what kind of people owned them?

8,000 and only the rich who had a mechanic employed on site

224

Why did ford nor have colors on his assembly line?

It would slow down the production

225

What was DNS most famous model?

T

226

What were other names for the model t?

Flipper
Tom Lizzie

227

How quickly could ford say they could crank out s model t?

Every 24 seconds

228

How much did model t's cost?

$350

229

What was ford's greatest accomplishment?

He made cars cheap enough for anyone to drive
He mad the first car produced globally

230

Where was Cornelius Vanderbilt from?

New York

231

How did Vanderbilt start his business?

He borrowed $100 from his mom and started a ferry business between Manhattan and staten

232

How did Vanderbilt run his business?

He ignored laws he did not like and he bribed other employees
He went to court thousands of times with shady attorneys
He aggressively pursued government contracts

233

What became vanderbuilt's nickname?

The commodore

234

Who invented the first maritime steam engine?

Robert Fulton

235

What did vanderbuilt discover in 1849? And where was it?

A shortcut to California
It went through lake Nicaragua

236

What direction did Vanderbilt go with his business?

He began to sell his steamship lines and bought railroad lines

237

What breakthrough did Vanderbilt make in the business of railroad lines?

He made one gage for size of all tracks

238

What kind of an employer was Vanderbilt?

He was terrible. He payed people with his own money and he didn't even use US dollars sometimes

239

Who was the first man to die richest man on the earth?

Cornelius Vanderbilt

240

What was Cornelius' legacy?

He had no friends
Alienated from his wife and kids
He left his things to his son that he felt like was most like him
He was responsible for the early labor unrest in the US

241

Where was the great railroad strike?

BNO railroad
West Virginia
It was the headquarters for railroads

242

What did the men on strike do?

They began to pry up the rails
Set fire to the depots and bridges
Completely stopped moving coal

243

What did Rutherford b Hayes do in response to the unrest?

He thought like a general
He told his commanders to confront the workers and if they did not respond they had the blessing to fire on the workers

244

What happened when they fired?

70 people were killed and the riots were over forever

245

Why did the unions arise?

They wanted to get unified higher wages
Shorter safer reasonable working hours
End to child labor
Men needed the jobs kids had

246

Why was Ellis island made?

For immigrants

247

What did the back of the statue of liberty's leg do?

Broke the chain of tyranny

248

What were there more of in New York that in their home city?

Italians in Rome

249

What was the first city to have 1 million people in it?

NYC

250

What was the nickname of Chicago?

The wild garlic place

251

What were the Jim Crow laws?

Segregation laws
Kept all things separate like hospitals, restrooms, schools, libraries ect
Informal laws

252

What case said that things and people should be separate but equal?

Please vs. ferguson

253

What case ended the Jim cRow laws?

Brown vs board of education

254

What was a minstrel show?

White people putting paint on their faces to look black and acted like clowns
MaDe fun of blacks

255

What's were the two jobs black peoples mainly had?

Shoe shiners/porters on trains
Entertainers

256

Where were most of the immigrants from and what was a reason they did not fit in?

Eastern and Southern Europe
Religion

257

What were the most rejected immigrants?

Irish

258

Where was the only place Irish were welcomed?

Boston

259

What were the names of some of the ghettos?

Little Italy
Little Germany
Chinatown

260

Why were the Chinese especially hated?

They had shifty eyes and could not be trusted

261

What did the Chinese exclusion act of 1882 say?

No Chinese people could enter the U.S. and the ones already here could not apply for citizenship

262

What/where was Hell's Kitchen?

In nyc
A ghetto
Place of extreme poverty
No plumbing or water
Small apartment with large groups of people
There was no electricity or ventilation

263

Who was Jacob Riis and what did he do?

Went into hells kitchen and took pictures
The first pictures of urban slums

264

What was Riis' book called?

How the Other Half Lives

265

How many copies of Riis book were sold?and who was buying them?

28 million everyone
The rich

266

What positive things did his book start?

Standards and zoning laws
Plumbing
Fire escapes
Sanitation laws

267

Who was america's first Eco warrior?

Colonel George Waring

268

How did waring gain fame?

Cleared a swamp in nyc to better conditions that would become Central Park

269

Where was Waring asked to go to help their city and what did he do there?

Memphis Tennessee
Designed the first sewer system
Destroyed a yellow fever epidemic

270

What title was Waring given in ny?

Street commissioner

271

What was warinf'g strategy?

He wanted nothing to do with politics
He treated it like a military operation

272

What were waring's first steps and how many miles did he need to cover?

433 miles
Cleared carts and wagons that were abandoned
Took giant rakes and scraped up pig Manure and other poop
He hired 2000 workers and demanded they wore white uniforms

273

What were 2 of his ideas?

Recycling and street sweeping
Landfills

274

Who was Thomas burns?

He was the first police superhero
Ny police chief

275

What was the national crime registry?

He established a network of sharing information between cities about bad guys

276

What was burns the first to suggest?

Psychological profiles on criminals
Mug shots

277

Where was the triangle shirtwaist factory, what happened there, and what did it start?

A factory in New York
A fire killed 146 garnet workers who were mainly young women
Doors now open outward
Exit signs

278

What were the crowds of isolation?

Charities rose up
Ordinary people began to think about their responsibility to the less fortunate

279

Who founded hull house?

Jan Addams

280

What was the purpose of hull house?

The purpose was to teach immigrants to assimilate

281

What did null house teach immigrants?

How to speak English
How to cook American food
Play American sports

282

What was the WCTU

Women's Christian temperance Union

283

What is temperance?

Ban to remove alcohol

284

Why did women was alcohol removed?

Their husbands would go out and waste their money on alcohol and come home and do mean things to them

285

Who was carry A Nation?

From kc
Huge crusader of alcohol

286

What did nation do?

She travelled from city to city on trains and sang Christian hymns, took a Bible and a hatchet and destroyed bars

287

What did the sheriffs do with the women?

Nothing because they didn't know what to do with them

288

What was The national American women's suffrage association

It was for women's sufferable

289

Who lead the NAWSA?

Susan b Anthony

290

What was the YMCA/YWCA?

Young men's Christian association

291

Who was the ymca founded by?

British immigrants

292

Why was the ymca made?

For young people to have Bible study
Work out
Fellowship
Sort of a hotel

293

What sports have the YMCA kntroduced?

Basketball and volleyball

294

Who was the Salvation Army founded by?

British immigrants

295

What was different about the Salvation Army from other organizations?

They were actually a denomination

296

What was the purpose of the Salvation Army?

To bring help to the people in the ghettos

297

Who was in charge of urban ecangelism?

Dwight L moody

298

What was a promise that Garfield made during his campaign?

He promised to do something about the civil service reform

299

What system did Garfield set up?

The patronage spoils system

300

Where was Garfield going and who with when he was at the train station?

Robert Todd Lincoln
Going to make a series of speeches in New England

301

What happened at the train station?

He was shot twice and fired one hit Garfield in the back and one skimmed his head

302

Who was Garfield shot by?

Charles guiteau

303

Who was guiteau?

Mentally unstable
Had been stalking Garfield
Phony lawyer, traveling evangelist, and salesman
His family tried to have his institutionalized

304

What did Guiteau say when he shot him?

I shot the president, Arthur is the new president

305

How many different doctors did Garfield have?

16

306

What did bell bring over to try and help Garfield and why was it unsuccessful?

A metal detector
He had metal springs on his bed

307

How long before Garfield died?

80 days and died of infection

308

What was Charles doing while he was in jail?

Writing letter to the people in the government

309

What did Guiteau tell Garfield?

That he owed his presidency to him

310

What was garfield's legacy?

The pedleton service reform act of 1883

311

What is that reform act?

You apply and take a test to get a federal government job

312

Who became president after Garfield and what did he do?

Charles Arthur
Gave us time zones
Meridian conference gave us them

313

What was the first Union?

Knights of labor?

314

What were the Molly Maguires?

Irish
Inspiration for the railroad strike of 1877

315

What was the American federation of labor?

They were the voice of sub unions

316

What were some problems of the work forces in that time?

People went from job to job
Many immigrants had the jobs of American citizens
The mindset of the government was to always take the side of the owner, not the union

317

Who were here workers in the homestead strike?

Steel workers of Carnegie

318

Who did Carnegie give his power to when he was out of the country?

Henry frick

319

Who were the pinker tons?

Detectives and spies
Hired soldiers

320

Who did the pinker tons fire on?

The workers who refused to do anthing and were on strike

321

What was the biggest strike?

The Pullman strike

322

What did George Pullman own?

Sleeper cars

323

What kind of an employer was Pullman?

Bad.
He gave them money they could only use in his stores

324

What started the Pullman strike?

He cut their wages by 25%

325

Who was the representative for the railroad Union?

Ugene V. Debs

326

What did debs do?

He told the workers not to move any trains that had Pullman cars on them even though almost all of them did
Cleveland got involved and put the union people in prison

327

Who made the first radio broadcast center and what happened to it?

Tesla
It was never completed because he was decades ahead of his time

328

What began to replace cobblestone, boardwalks, and brick surfaces?

Concrete

329

What was something Heinz often said?

To do a common thing uncommonly well brings success

330

What verse did Heinz live by?

Colossians 3:23-24

331

Who is one of the most famous people to live in a Sears kit house?

Cowboy actor John Wayne was born in one

332

Who created the very first electric billboard?

Edison employee
William hammer

333

Who created the efficiency movement?

Fredrick Winslow Taylor

334

Who founded standard oil?

John d Rockefeller

335

Who was the principle author of the Sherman anti-trust act?

U.S. senator John Sherman

336

What did ford say of the color of cars?

You can have any color as long as it's black

337

Who founded the American federation of labor?

Samuel Gompers

338

Who founded the American railway Union and the American socialist party?

Eugene V. Debs

339

Who wrote the poem the new colossus?

Emma Lazarus

340

What were the first words ever heard in a movie?

A minstrel singing a song

341

Who was the nyc police commissioner?

Thomas f. Byrnes

342

Who was the apostle of cleanliness?

Colonel George waring

343

Who said good morning destroyer of men's souls?

Carry a. Nation

344

What is now where Washington dc's sixth street rail station was?

Try national gallery of art