Western Civ Chapter 5-6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Western Civ Chapter 5-6 Deck (86):
1

Romanization

The spread of Roman law & culture

2

what did Romans value?

Family loyalty, selfless political & military service to the community, individual honor/public status, the importance of law, & shared decision making.

3

Mos maiorum

They honored the way of the elders & thought older was better

4

Virtus

Men: strength loyalty and courage - especially in war
Women: wisdom & loyalty

5

Fides

Keeping one's faithfulness

6

Patron client system

Patron: man of superior status who could provide benefits to lower class clients
Clients: owed him duties & paid him attention

7

What did patrons do?

They were often clients of higher class men
They gave financial aid & political campaign support/legal trouble help

8

What did clients do?

Supported their patrons in everything & accompanied their patron to the forum

9

What was a huge focus within the family?

The father held all the power

10

How did women state their political/social opinions since they could not vote or hold office?

They talked at parties

11

What was the Roman gods' major job?

To protect rome's safety & prosperity

12

What were the vestal virgins?

A cult of 6 virgins who had to stay virgins & keep their candles lit & if a candle went out they'd assume one of them had sex & they killed her

13

Pietas

Devotion & duty to family

14

What was the pontifex Maximus?

The head of state religion

15

Who did the Romans adopt the religious rituals of?

The Etruscans

16

Patricians

Most aristocratic families

17

The plebeians

The rest of the citizens

18

The twelve tables

Earliest Roman law code that guaranteed greater equality & social mobility

19

Ladder of offices

You could not jump to a specific office- you had to work you'd way up

20

What was the centuriate in charge of?

Elected praetors/consuls

21

What did the plebeian assembly do?

Elected tribunes but only plebeians

22

What did the tribals do?

They were the most important & did pats & plebs

23

Who were the Romans defeated by?

The Gauls

24

What were the Punic wars?

Wars fought with Carthage

25

Who was the head Carthaginian general in the 2nd Punic war?

Hannibal

26

What was the bloodiest battle on Roman history?

The battle of cannae

27

What was the result of the third Punic war?

The Romans completely flattened Carthage

28

Who wrote the origins & what was it?

Cato
A history of Rome

29

What was the purpose of On the Nature of Things

Lucretius tried to convince people not to fear death

30

Humanitas

"Humanities" written by Cicero
Expressed an ideal for human life on generous & honest treatment of others & a commitment to morality based on the natural law

31

What were the huge farms that the rich owned?

Latifundia

32

Populares

Supporters of the commoners

33

Optimates

Supporters of the highest class

34

What is a client army?

An army that is loyal to a person rather than the country

35

What is a proletariat?

A man who can not afford his weapons & had no land

36

Who was in the first triumvirate?

Pompey
Caesar
And Crassus

37

Who did caesar's daughter Julia marry?

Pompey

38

Who did Caesar have an affair with?

Cleopatra

39

What happened with the Sabines?

Romulus invited them over for s festival & they kidnapped & forced all of their women to marry them. They eventually went to war with the Sabines & then made peace & joined population

40

What was the highest education for men?

Rhetoric logic and persuasive speaking

41

How did the senate begin?

As a group of advisors to the king

42

Where did conflicts in Rome during the republic start?

Sicily

43

What was the Punic wars started osver?

Sicily

44

What happened in the 2nd Punic war?

Carthage invaded Italy
Rome invaded Carthage & won

45

What happened in the third Punic war?

Rome completely destroyed Carthage

46

Cato

First to write the history of Rome in Latin

47

What did the graccus brothers feel they should stand up for?

The normal

48

Tiberius

Wanted the elite to stand up for the poor
Elected tribune
Tried to pass reform laws
Blocked by the senate
Overruled by the plebeian assembly
He ran as the plebeian rep twice in a row & was clubbed to death

49

Gaius

Ran for tribune 10 years after his brother
He was going to be killed for his ideas so he killed himself

50

What were equestrians/equites?

Wealthy businessmen

51

Who made client armies?

Gaius Marius

52

Why did the Optimates oppose gaius?

He was not elite. He supported the commoners

53

Who was sulla's enemy?

Mithradates

54

What list did Sulla make?

A list of people he wanted dead & if they were killed the person was not punished

55

What did Sulla force the senate to do?

Give him the official title of dictator

56

Who fought for sulla's power after he died?

Pompey JC and Crassus

57

What did Julius Caesar force the Egyptians to do?

Kill Pompey

58

Who was Julius Caesar killed by?

Some Optimates

59

Pax Romana

Roman peace

60

Who were the main leaders in the civil war?

Mark Antony and Octavian

61

Who was the second triumvirate?

Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus

62

What happened to Antony?

He fell in love with cleopatra even though he was married to octavian's sister.
He and cleopatra led to Egypt and committed suicide together.

63

What does agustus mean?

Divinely favored

64

Who did Tiberius choose as his heir?

Tiberius

65

Who did Tiberius choose?

Caligula (Gaius)

66

What happened to Caligula?

He bankrupt the treasury
He committed crimes of incest and murder
He was killed by the praetorian guard

67

Nero

Became emp at sixteen
A fire burned Rome
He used the treasury to build a new palace
He faked treason to get money and had a servant help him cu this throat
His death Led to a civil war

68

What people did vespian rule?

The flavians

69

Who were vespian's sons?

Titus and Domitian

70

Titus

Suppressed the Jewish cult and built the collets swum but died after two years

71

Domitian was murdered by his wife and the congress

Ok

72

Debasement of coinage

Putting less of the precious metals (silver) in each coin without changing the face value

73

Septimus Severus

Son was Caracalla
They drained the treasury to satisfy the army

74

Caracalla

Murdered his brother
Made the money out of wack
Led to civil war
The Roman Empire was very vulnerable & could be invaded by basically anyone

75

Battle of Actium

Octavian defeated Mark Antony and Caracalla's armies

76

What is princep & who was the first to have the title

Octavian & first among equals

77

What was the principate?

The princeps empire

78

What did Octavian do?

He kept the amount of power he had a secret and made people believe that they were living in a republic

79

What does Caesar agustus mean?

Divinely favored

80

What did CA control?

The army and treasury

81

Who created the military career?

Caesar agustus

82

How was Caligula killed?

The praetorian guard murdered him

83

Which emperor dressed as a woman and set Christians on fire?

Nero

84

Who was the first king of the Romans?

Romulus

85

Who won the civil war after Nero

Vespasian

86

What dynasty was Vespasian associated eith?

Flavian