Flashcards in Western Civ Chapter 5-6 Deck (86):
The spread of Roman law & culture
what did Romans value?
Family loyalty, selfless political & military service to the community, individual honor/public status, the importance of law, & shared decision making.
They honored the way of the elders & thought older was better
Men: strength loyalty and courage - especially in war
Women: wisdom & loyalty
Keeping one's faithfulness
Patron client system
Patron: man of superior status who could provide benefits to lower class clients
Clients: owed him duties & paid him attention
What did patrons do?
They were often clients of higher class men
They gave financial aid & political campaign support/legal trouble help
What did clients do?
Supported their patrons in everything & accompanied their patron to the forum
What was a huge focus within the family?
The father held all the power
How did women state their political/social opinions since they could not vote or hold office?
They talked at parties
What was the Roman gods' major job?
To protect rome's safety & prosperity
What were the vestal virgins?
A cult of 6 virgins who had to stay virgins & keep their candles lit & if a candle went out they'd assume one of them had sex & they killed her
Devotion & duty to family
What was the pontifex Maximus?
The head of state religion
Who did the Romans adopt the religious rituals of?
Most aristocratic families
The rest of the citizens
The twelve tables
Earliest Roman law code that guaranteed greater equality & social mobility
Ladder of offices
You could not jump to a specific office- you had to work you'd way up
What was the centuriate in charge of?
What did the plebeian assembly do?
Elected tribunes but only plebeians
What did the tribals do?
They were the most important & did pats & plebs
Who were the Romans defeated by?
What were the Punic wars?
Wars fought with Carthage
Who was the head Carthaginian general in the 2nd Punic war?
What was the bloodiest battle on Roman history?
The battle of cannae
What was the result of the third Punic war?
The Romans completely flattened Carthage
Who wrote the origins & what was it?
A history of Rome
What was the purpose of On the Nature of Things
Lucretius tried to convince people not to fear death
"Humanities" written by Cicero
Expressed an ideal for human life on generous & honest treatment of others & a commitment to morality based on the natural law
What were the huge farms that the rich owned?
Supporters of the commoners
Supporters of the highest class
What is a client army?
An army that is loyal to a person rather than the country
What is a proletariat?
A man who can not afford his weapons & had no land
Who was in the first triumvirate?
Who did caesar's daughter Julia marry?
Who did Caesar have an affair with?
What happened with the Sabines?
Romulus invited them over for s festival & they kidnapped & forced all of their women to marry them. They eventually went to war with the Sabines & then made peace & joined population
What was the highest education for men?
Rhetoric logic and persuasive speaking
How did the senate begin?
As a group of advisors to the king
Where did conflicts in Rome during the republic start?
What was the Punic wars started osver?
What happened in the 2nd Punic war?
Carthage invaded Italy
Rome invaded Carthage & won
What happened in the third Punic war?
Rome completely destroyed Carthage
First to write the history of Rome in Latin
What did the graccus brothers feel they should stand up for?
Wanted the elite to stand up for the poor
Tried to pass reform laws
Blocked by the senate
Overruled by the plebeian assembly
He ran as the plebeian rep twice in a row & was clubbed to death
Ran for tribune 10 years after his brother
He was going to be killed for his ideas so he killed himself
What were equestrians/equites?
Who made client armies?
Why did the Optimates oppose gaius?
He was not elite. He supported the commoners
Who was sulla's enemy?
What list did Sulla make?
A list of people he wanted dead & if they were killed the person was not punished
What did Sulla force the senate to do?
Give him the official title of dictator
Who fought for sulla's power after he died?
Pompey JC and Crassus
What did Julius Caesar force the Egyptians to do?
Who was Julius Caesar killed by?
Who were the main leaders in the civil war?
Mark Antony and Octavian
Who was the second triumvirate?
Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus
What happened to Antony?
He fell in love with cleopatra even though he was married to octavian's sister.
He and cleopatra led to Egypt and committed suicide together.
What does agustus mean?
Who did Tiberius choose as his heir?
Who did Tiberius choose?
What happened to Caligula?
He bankrupt the treasury
He committed crimes of incest and murder
He was killed by the praetorian guard
Became emp at sixteen
A fire burned Rome
He used the treasury to build a new palace
He faked treason to get money and had a servant help him cu this throat
His death Led to a civil war
What people did vespian rule?
Who were vespian's sons?
Titus and Domitian
Suppressed the Jewish cult and built the collets swum but died after two years
Domitian was murdered by his wife and the congress
Debasement of coinage
Putting less of the precious metals (silver) in each coin without changing the face value
Son was Caracalla
They drained the treasury to satisfy the army
Murdered his brother
Made the money out of wack
Led to civil war
The Roman Empire was very vulnerable & could be invaded by basically anyone
Battle of Actium
Octavian defeated Mark Antony and Caracalla's armies
What is princep & who was the first to have the title
Octavian & first among equals
What was the principate?
The princeps empire
What did Octavian do?
He kept the amount of power he had a secret and made people believe that they were living in a republic
What does Caesar agustus mean?
What did CA control?
The army and treasury
Who created the military career?
How was Caligula killed?
The praetorian guard murdered him
Which emperor dressed as a woman and set Christians on fire?
Who was the first king of the Romans?
Who won the civil war after Nero