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Flashcards in WESTERN CIV UNIT 3 Deck (45):
1

What did Themistocles convince the Athenian assembly to do?

Invest the proceeds from a rich silver strike in doubling the size of find navy

2

What did the Persian army do after the battle of Thermopylae?

Burn Athens

3

The Hellenic league was what?

A coalition of thirty one Greek city states that allied to fight the Persians

4

Which battle did three hundred Spartans and a few hundred other troops hold back an enormous Persian army?

The battle of Thermopylae

5

Which two Greek city stated were the most powerful during the fifth century BCE?

Athens and Sparta

6

What was the political development of the Delian league?

It began as a democratic union led by Athens but soon resembled an Athenian empire

7

How did the Delian league affect Greek democracy?

It strengthened democracy within Athens as poor Athenians sought political power, while weakening the democracy of the league itself

8

Who led the push For a more radical Athenian democracy?

Male elites seeking to increase their own popular influence

9

What did the sophists protagoras notoriously argue?

That truth is subjective

10

Who were the thirty tyrants?

The a tide,oceanic Athenians installed by the Spartans to rule Athens after the peloponnesian war

11

What was used to settle strife and diminish tensions in Athens after the peloponnesian war?

The Athenian assembly enacted the first known amnesty in western history

12

What was the key to Greek victory at the battle of marathon?

The Athenian hoplite's running charge

13

How did Themistocles contribute to the Greek victory over the Persians during the Persian wars?

He convinced the other Greek city state's generals to fight a naval battle with the Persians

14

Why was Athens ab,e to gain control of the Delian league from the other league members?

?????

15

What is Pericles best known for?

Supporting the reform of the court system and introducing pay for public services

16

What were stoas who were sponsored by wealthy generals and families?

Narrow shelters decorated with paintings

17

What were metics who made up a substantial portion of the Athenian population?

Foreigners granted residency in exchange for their military service

18

What advancements in historical writing in his history of the PP war did Thucydides of Athens make?

Foreigners grants residency in exchange for their military service

19

What did many Athenians do after Socrates execution?

Regret his punishment as a tragic mistake

20

What did the forms represent for Plato?

The abstract, invariable, and ultimate realities of ethical qualities

21

Who established the Lyceum school?

Aristotle

22

What did Alexander spend the remainder of his life doing after his soldiers mutinied in India & he was forced to return home?

Planning further conquests and demanding the honor of a god

23

What was the revolt led by Judah the Maccabee provoked by?

The Seleucid King outlawing Judaism and converting the Jewish temple in Jerusalem to a Greek temple

24

What was Socrates put on trial for?

Impiety

25

What was fine academy and where was it located?

It was a philosophical school established in Athens by Plato

26

What medium did Plato use to share his ideas and philosophies?

Dialogues

27

Aristotle believed that women

Were incomplete males

28

How did King Phillip II rise to power in Macedonia?

His reorganization of the army after a military disaster against the Illyrians

29

Toward the end of his life, Alexander...

Demanded that he receive the honors due a god

30

The Hellenistic period began and ended with the deaths of

Alexander in 323 BC and cleopatra VII in 30 BC

31

What were the principal responsibilities of the administrators of the Hellenistic kingdoms?

To maintain order and direct the kingdom's tax system

32

Within the Hellenistic kingdoms, Jews

Often adopted the Greeks language and customs but generally retained their own religious practices.

33

How did Persia and Athens understand their agreement after Athenian ambassadors agreed to Persias standard requirement for an alliance?

Persia believed that Athens had submitted to Persian supreme the, but the Athenian assembly rejected submission to Persia without informing the Persians

34

How did Persia and Athens understand their agreement?

Persia believed that Athens had submitted to Persian supremacy but the Athenian assembly,y rejected submission to Persia without informing the Persians

35

Where did Alexander's soldiers revolt?

India

36

What did Epicureanism teach?

People should pursue treasure and seek detachment from passions
They should be more focused inward

37

Who were guardians?

Philosopher kings educated in math, astronomy, and metaphysics

38

What were auxiliaries?

The defenders

39

What were aristotles main ideas

Practical experience
Logic

40

How could manhood be demonstrated?

Fight
Hunt
Kill

40

Who were the three generals that divided Alexander's land?

Antigonus
Sallukus
Ptolemy

40

What did Antigone get?

Macedonia
Greece
Near east

40

Sallikus

Babylonia
Persia
Palestine

41

Ptolemy

Egypt

42

What did administrators do?

Keep the peace & collect taxes