Flashcards in WESTERN CIV UNIT 3 Deck (45):
What did Themistocles convince the Athenian assembly to do?
Invest the proceeds from a rich silver strike in doubling the size of find navy
What did the Persian army do after the battle of Thermopylae?
The Hellenic league was what?
A coalition of thirty one Greek city states that allied to fight the Persians
Which battle did three hundred Spartans and a few hundred other troops hold back an enormous Persian army?
The battle of Thermopylae
Which two Greek city stated were the most powerful during the fifth century BCE?
Athens and Sparta
What was the political development of the Delian league?
It began as a democratic union led by Athens but soon resembled an Athenian empire
How did the Delian league affect Greek democracy?
It strengthened democracy within Athens as poor Athenians sought political power, while weakening the democracy of the league itself
Who led the push For a more radical Athenian democracy?
Male elites seeking to increase their own popular influence
What did the sophists protagoras notoriously argue?
That truth is subjective
Who were the thirty tyrants?
The a tide,oceanic Athenians installed by the Spartans to rule Athens after the peloponnesian war
What was used to settle strife and diminish tensions in Athens after the peloponnesian war?
The Athenian assembly enacted the first known amnesty in western history
What was the key to Greek victory at the battle of marathon?
The Athenian hoplite's running charge
How did Themistocles contribute to the Greek victory over the Persians during the Persian wars?
He convinced the other Greek city state's generals to fight a naval battle with the Persians
Why was Athens ab,e to gain control of the Delian league from the other league members?
What is Pericles best known for?
Supporting the reform of the court system and introducing pay for public services
What were stoas who were sponsored by wealthy generals and families?
Narrow shelters decorated with paintings
What were metics who made up a substantial portion of the Athenian population?
Foreigners granted residency in exchange for their military service
What advancements in historical writing in his history of the PP war did Thucydides of Athens make?
Foreigners grants residency in exchange for their military service
What did many Athenians do after Socrates execution?
Regret his punishment as a tragic mistake
What did the forms represent for Plato?
The abstract, invariable, and ultimate realities of ethical qualities
Who established the Lyceum school?
What did Alexander spend the remainder of his life doing after his soldiers mutinied in India & he was forced to return home?
Planning further conquests and demanding the honor of a god
What was the revolt led by Judah the Maccabee provoked by?
The Seleucid King outlawing Judaism and converting the Jewish temple in Jerusalem to a Greek temple
What was Socrates put on trial for?
What was fine academy and where was it located?
It was a philosophical school established in Athens by Plato
What medium did Plato use to share his ideas and philosophies?
Aristotle believed that women
Were incomplete males
How did King Phillip II rise to power in Macedonia?
His reorganization of the army after a military disaster against the Illyrians
Toward the end of his life, Alexander...
Demanded that he receive the honors due a god
The Hellenistic period began and ended with the deaths of
Alexander in 323 BC and cleopatra VII in 30 BC
What were the principal responsibilities of the administrators of the Hellenistic kingdoms?
To maintain order and direct the kingdom's tax system
Within the Hellenistic kingdoms, Jews
Often adopted the Greeks language and customs but generally retained their own religious practices.
How did Persia and Athens understand their agreement after Athenian ambassadors agreed to Persias standard requirement for an alliance?
Persia believed that Athens had submitted to Persian supreme the, but the Athenian assembly rejected submission to Persia without informing the Persians
How did Persia and Athens understand their agreement?
Persia believed that Athens had submitted to Persian supremacy but the Athenian assembly,y rejected submission to Persia without informing the Persians
Where did Alexander's soldiers revolt?
What did Epicureanism teach?
People should pursue treasure and seek detachment from passions
They should be more focused inward
Who were guardians?
Philosopher kings educated in math, astronomy, and metaphysics
What were auxiliaries?
What were aristotles main ideas
How could manhood be demonstrated?
Who were the three generals that divided Alexander's land?
What did Antigone get?