Western Civ Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Western Civ Chapter 7 Deck (33):
1

What characterizes the period of the dominate?

Autocratic rule under republican forms, with a more grandiose imperial presence

2

Why did Constantine establish his capital at Constantinople?

Because of its strategic military and commercial location

3

How did Diocletian attempt to stabilize agricultural production?

By restricting the movements of tenant farmers

4

What happened after Christianity became the official religion of the empire?

Many people remained polytheistic

5

Which emperor rebelled against his family's Christianity and restored traditional state gods?

Julian the Apostate

6

Who replaced traditional polytheism with Christian as rome's official state region?

Theodosius I

7

The bishops of Rome who claimed the title of pope and asserted leadership over other bishops and over the entire church did so on the basis of what?

Their interpretation of the New Testament

8

Why was the council of Chalcedon convened in 451?

To define and clarify orthodox Christian beliefs

9

How did Clovis, King of the Frank's, begin his reign?

By overthrowing the visigothic King in Gaul with the support of the eastern Roman emperor

10

What were constantinople's residents forced to wear?

Traditional Roman attire as a symbol of their identity

11

What was the result of justinian's efforts to produce religious unity between the eastern and western cultures?

He only drive Christians further apart

12

What was the most serious economic consequence of the third century civil wars?

Uncontrollable hyperinflation

13

Why was the great persecution initiated and by who?

Diocletian
He believed the Roman gods were mad at Christians for not giving them sacrifices and he throughout he gods would get mad at the Romans for tolerating their religion

14

How did Augustine view secular authority?

He believed that law and government are required to impose moral order on the chaos of life

15

What was a characteristic of early Christian monasticism?

Ascetics striving for holiness and spiritual excellence

16

What is asceticism?

Self denial especially through spiritual discipline

17

What is monoasticism?

These people practiced asceticism

18

Which non Roman group led by Alaric destroyed rome?

Visigoths

19

What was an achievement of the Frankish King Clovis?

He carved out western europe's largest new kingdom

20

Under the wergild system, a component of clovis's law code, the murder of what results in the highest find?

A woman of childbearing age

21

How did Justinian contribute to the field of law?

He had the laws and regulations of the empire codified in the Codex and the Digest to expedite legal cases, and he had the institutes compiled as a textbook on law

22

Justinian organized the codes and digest - what field was influenced by it?

The law

23

What is a tetrachy?

Rule by 4

24

Who made Christianity the official religion?

Theodosius

25

Who replaced the curials?

After the church and the government made a pact, the church

26

What did the council of Nicaea determine?

The nature of Jesus

27

What did neostorianism teach?

Jesus was human and became divine

28

What did Monophysitism teach?

He was only one or the other. Either all human or all divine

29

What did Arianism believe?

The son was not as powerful as the father

30

"Living martyrdom"

Monasticism

31

Why was the epedimic such a big deal?

They had no one to be in the army or pay taxes

32

Why did educators not destroy the pagan texts?

They didn't believe in diversity
They were educated Roman elites and they studied these when they were young
They filtered them from a Christian worldview

33

Who restored order to the Roman Empire after the troubles of the mid third century by establishing the most autocratic system of rule in Roman history?

Diocletian