Flashcards in Western Civ Chapter 7 Deck (33):
What characterizes the period of the dominate?
Autocratic rule under republican forms, with a more grandiose imperial presence
Why did Constantine establish his capital at Constantinople?
Because of its strategic military and commercial location
How did Diocletian attempt to stabilize agricultural production?
By restricting the movements of tenant farmers
What happened after Christianity became the official religion of the empire?
Many people remained polytheistic
Which emperor rebelled against his family's Christianity and restored traditional state gods?
Julian the Apostate
Who replaced traditional polytheism with Christian as rome's official state region?
The bishops of Rome who claimed the title of pope and asserted leadership over other bishops and over the entire church did so on the basis of what?
Their interpretation of the New Testament
Why was the council of Chalcedon convened in 451?
To define and clarify orthodox Christian beliefs
How did Clovis, King of the Frank's, begin his reign?
By overthrowing the visigothic King in Gaul with the support of the eastern Roman emperor
What were constantinople's residents forced to wear?
Traditional Roman attire as a symbol of their identity
What was the result of justinian's efforts to produce religious unity between the eastern and western cultures?
He only drive Christians further apart
What was the most serious economic consequence of the third century civil wars?
Why was the great persecution initiated and by who?
He believed the Roman gods were mad at Christians for not giving them sacrifices and he throughout he gods would get mad at the Romans for tolerating their religion
How did Augustine view secular authority?
He believed that law and government are required to impose moral order on the chaos of life
What was a characteristic of early Christian monasticism?
Ascetics striving for holiness and spiritual excellence
What is asceticism?
Self denial especially through spiritual discipline
What is monoasticism?
These people practiced asceticism
Which non Roman group led by Alaric destroyed rome?
What was an achievement of the Frankish King Clovis?
He carved out western europe's largest new kingdom
Under the wergild system, a component of clovis's law code, the murder of what results in the highest find?
A woman of childbearing age
How did Justinian contribute to the field of law?
He had the laws and regulations of the empire codified in the Codex and the Digest to expedite legal cases, and he had the institutes compiled as a textbook on law
Justinian organized the codes and digest - what field was influenced by it?
What is a tetrachy?
Rule by 4
Who made Christianity the official religion?
Who replaced the curials?
After the church and the government made a pact, the church
What did the council of Nicaea determine?
The nature of Jesus
What did neostorianism teach?
Jesus was human and became divine
What did Monophysitism teach?
He was only one or the other. Either all human or all divine
What did Arianism believe?
The son was not as powerful as the father
Why was the epedimic such a big deal?
They had no one to be in the army or pay taxes
Why did educators not destroy the pagan texts?
They didn't believe in diversity
They were educated Roman elites and they studied these when they were young
They filtered them from a Christian worldview