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Flashcards in World War I Deck (129):
0

What is WWI known as?

The literal beginning of the 20th century

1

What area of the world was made in this war?

The Middle East

2

What was wilson's government style?

Just make new bureaucracies to solve problems

3

What did the U.S. Attempt to do in the war?

Stay neutral

4

What were some reasons the U.S. Stayed neutral for a majority of the war?

There many different people from different cultures in America and they didn't want to upset anyone
Wanted less people dying
There was not a compelling enough reason to join

5

Why was the whole world involved?

There were many countries with colonies from all around the world, so when one of them got involved, it caused all of them to be

6

Who was Otto Von Bismarck?

A German chancellor

7

What was the ally system called and what was it?

The Bismarck system
The German feared that the French would someday retaliate and attack them
If one from the alliance was attacked, it was as if they all were.

8

What did France think of the Bismarck system?

It was a plan to overthrow them.

They did the same.

9

What became the number one industry in Germany?

Military

10

Describe kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany

6 sons
Strange headwear-with horns on it
Very power-hungry
Had dreams of German domination
Came to rule at age 30
Had the second reich

11

What was one of Wilhelm's plans?

Build a huge navy

12

What was Germany jealous of of GB's?

Their colonies

13

How were the three rulers related?

They were all grandsons of queen Victoria

14

Who were the three cousin rulers?

The kaiser
George the fifth of England
Czar nickolai II

15

What day was the archduke Ferdinand assassinated?

June 28, 1914

16

Who was the archduke?

The crown prince of Austria

17

Who were going where when he was shot?

Franz Ferdinand and Countess Sophie were going to Sarajevo, Bosnia

18

Where were the people of the black hand from?

Serbia

19

Who was the one who shot the archduke?

Gavrilo Principal from Serbia

20

Why did princip shoot Ferdinand?

He was anti Austria-Hungary. He didn't want the two countries to merge

21

Who were in the allies?

France and Britain and Belgium

22

Who was in the central powers?

Germany

23

What was the war called during the war?

The Great War

24

What was the nickname if the war?

The war to end all wars

25

What was the biggest battle in the war? And how many casualties?

Gallipoli
250,000 on each side

26

What wa Britain trying to do in this battle?

Capture the Hellespont and cut off the supplies to the central powers

27

How many deaths were ther in the first month?

200,000

28

Who were the front lines?

Soldiers who went over the top of the trenches

29

Who were the back loners?

Officers

30

What were Springfield rifles?

Scopes

31

What did the Russians and Germans call the hand grenades?

Potato mashers

32

What was one thing the U.S. Said about the grenades?

They were like baseballs

33

What was only okay in WWI?

Gas attack so

34

What was in the gas?

Mustard gas- burned the lungs and blinded them.

35

How big was the flamethrower range?

120 feet

36

What was another weapon?

Machine guns
Barbed wire

37

How did night flares work?

Shot up when people tripped on the wires

38

What was the Paris gun?

Mounted on a railroad car
Shot at an angle to hit Paris

39

What was he biggest gun the Germans had and what did it hit?

"Big Bertha"
A church on a Sunday morning

40

What were zeppelins used for?

Dropping bombs

41

What was one of the first Zeppelin airports?

The Empire State Building

42

What were two firsts for this war?

Dog fights and aerial combat

43

Who was the Red Baron?

Manfred Von Richthofen

44

What was the RB's fleet called?

The flying circus

45

How many kills did the rb have?

80

46

What was the RB's plane?

Fokker DR-1

47

What was GB's main military strategy and how did Germany ruin it?

Blockades
U boats

48

How many u boats were there and how many kills did they have?

20
6,000

49

Why did the U.S. Decide to back gb?

Economic reasons

50

What British ship was sunk by a U boat off the coast of Ireland?

The Lusitania

51

What did the Germans claim about the sinking?

That they were threatened and the boat had wad supplies on it.

52

What French boat was sunk while carrying many us passengers?

The Sussex

53

What was wilson's slogan when he ran for reelection?

"He kept us out of the war"

54

What did Wilson want and ask congress for?

War
A draft

55

Who sent the Zimmerman note, to who, and what did it say?

German equivalent of the sec of state
Mexico
If the U.S. Entered the war, Mexico should enter the war and join with Germany and they would give Mexico Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona back

56

Who intersected the z note?

Britain

57

How long did the U.S. Take after declaring war to enter the war?

1 year

58

What were some different reactions to the drafts?

Some were fighting to be the first in line
Some refused to join because of religious purposes.

59

What did they have to do if they avoided registry?

Spend a year in jail

60

What were war bonds

Lend the gov. Money
$100 and in 10 years it was worth $200

61

What was a nickname for the Germans?

Huns

62

What was the catch word of the war?

Liberty

63

What was the aef?

The American expeditionary force

64

What could women do in the war?

Serve in the Red Cross
Encourage

65

What were liberty gardens?

Herbert Hoover encouraged them
He headed the U.S. Food administration

66

Who were two people from kc in the ambulance corps?

Hemingway and Disney

67

What was the motherless children of France?

Started by women
For orphans

68

Who was the naval officer that reformed naval guns?

Admiral William Simms

69

Explain the convoy system

Made by Simms
Put the most vulnerable ships in a fleet in the middle
Have destroyers- sub killers that unloaded the barrels with explosives underwater
These were outside of the cargo or vulnerable ships

70

What was john j pershing's nickname?

Black jack

71

Why is the WWI museum in Missouri?

Because Pershing is from here

72

Who was Pershing?

The commanding general of the aef

73

Who made the brace to put a machine gun on a car?

George patten

74

Whose grave did Pershing arrange to see and why?

Marquis de Lafayette
He was a French dude who helped the U.S. In the revolutionary war
Pershing put a wreath on his grave and poured soil from bunker hill on it

75

What did Pershing say to lafayette's grave?

Lafayette we are here!

76

Who was Ferdinand Foch and shay did he say to Pershing?

The French supreme commander
The U.S. Would be in the back lines

77

What was the german's new strategy?

Operation Michael
Push to Paris at all costs
They fired 183 shells to Paris in one day and it was evacuated

78

What was the first battle the Americans were at?

Bellau wood

79

Where did the French have their guns aimed during Bellau Wood?

A wheat fields

80

Who was the U.S. commander at Bellau wood who was encouraged to retreat nut didn't?

Lloyd Williams

81

What was the bloodiest day in marine Corps history?

June 6th
At Bellau wood
1,087 dead

82

What two battles pushed the Germans back super far?

Chateau Thierry and Argonne Forest

83

What had the Germans always controlled?

The Argonne Forrest

84

What did major Charles whittlesey control?

The last battalion

85

What place were the Batallions supposed to get to?

Charlevaux Mill

86

Who was the most famous pigeon messenger and Wnere was he shot?and what was his message?

Cher Ami
Stop the shelling
Lost a leg
His eye

87

What was Cher ami awarded?

The highest military honor
Now on display at the smithsonian

88

Who was sergeant stubby?

A mascot
Fought in 17 battle campaigns
He could detect artillery fire coming because of the sound
The only Seagrams dog
Sniffed out a German spy in the Argonne forest

89

Who was George McMurtry?

Harvard grad
Fought at San Juan hill
Got a Medal of Honor in WWII

90

Which sear hang was a Christian and had to go in the cliffs and spend time with God to decide if he thought it was morally right to kill?

Sgt. Alvin York

91

What did York do that gained him fame?

He and 16 others slipped in and fired at some Germans that near a railroad they were to be securing
They went against 30 machine guns
He personally killed 28 Germans
132 prisoners of war were surrendered and he marched them back
7/16 survived

92

Why did York not do any endorsements?

He did not want to gain fame, money, or capitalize on anyone's death

93

Why did York allow a movie of his life to be made?

During wwii in hopes it would help recruit

94

Who were two significant people who fought in WWI?

Harry s. Truman
Hitler-> he was a messenger because he was quick

95

November 11, 1918 at 11 in the morning

The Germans surrendered

96

What holiday was made on November 11th?

Armistice day
Now Veterans Day

97

What wagon did the Germans surrender on?

2419

98

What was a significant thing about this war?

It was he first war that more men died on the battle field than from infection in a hospital

99

Where did the Spanish flu likely begin?

Kansas

100

What was a speculation on the flu epidemic?

It wa scheme cla warfare started by Germany

101

How many worldwide died of the flu and how many Americans?

10 million
700,000

102

Who lead the Paris peace talks?

French Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson

103

What were the German punishments?

Give up all captured lands: Rhineland, Poland was created, all colonies in Asia and Africa
War guilt clause: they must claim all responsibility for starting the war and all losses
Repay all financial debt
Disarm all military weaponry
Allow to have a standing arm but no weapons
Six ships

104

What did the Paris peace talks create?

The League of Nations
Us did not ratify them
Wilson Has a stroke while speaking
No 25th amendment
Edith Wilson took over the Whitehorse
Europe ended up in economic depression

105

What did all the nations have after the war?

A spirit of cooperation

106

Who was in charge when the first Russian revolution happened?

Csar Nicholas II

107

Why were people resenting Nicholas?

They had the most losses in the war
They still had the most people
He started to not care how many people died because there was always someone to replace the person

108

Who led the revolution against Nicholas?

Alexander Kerensky

109

What did mere sky claim and what happened?

He would end the war
He did not at all

110

What was November of 1918 renamed?

Red October

111

Who lead the communist revolution?

Vladimir (Nikolai) Lenin

112

What was thus revolution also nicknamed?

The Bolshevik Revolution

113

What does Bolshevik mean?

Majority

114

What does the word soviet mean?

Council of equals

115

What did the nation do under the reign of kerensky?

Denounced God and church
Became an atheist nation

116

Who was there a power struggle between?

Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin

117

What was the red scare?

Anarchists sent a letter bomb to us offices
It was a communist scare

118

What is May first called?

Mayday

119

Who were Sacco and Vanzetti?

They robbed a Massachusetts bank
Two men were shot and killed
People thought they were communists
Convicted by jury
They were sentenced to die in the electric chair
They were the longest appeal up until then- 7 years

120

What dos the word kaiser mean?

Caesar

121

What was the Lincoln tank called?

The French crosser

122

What was the most memorable phrase that Wilson said to congress?

Fought for the intimate peace of the world, and for the liberation of its people... The world must be made safe for democracy

123

What became america's WWI anthem?

Over there by George m. Cohan

124

What were some of the ways recycling was used?

Peach pits were stuck inside gas masks
So peach pits

125

What were us soldiers nicknames?

Doughboys

126

What did williams say at Bellau Wood?

Retreat? Hell, we just got here

127

What does the ussr stand for?

The Union of soviet socialist republics

128

Who's boys is on display in Russia?

Lenin