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Flashcards in Final - Lecture 16 Alternative Deck (21):
1

What is the percent of the US adult population with diabetes?

9 percent.

2

What is the percent of the US adult population with prediabetes?

~33 percent.

3

Define Prediabetes.

See values for Fasting Glucose, 2hr Glucose, and HbA-1c

4

Name 2 risk factors for diabetes.

Aging, Excess weight, Sugar.

5

What is the Glucose Tolerance Test?

A test for elevated blood glucose to aid in identifying diabetes risk.

6

What is the relationship between A1c and Blood glucose?

The higher the A1c, the more average blood glucose levels.

7

What is another name for Diabetes Mellitus -- Type 1? How does it relate to the treatment given?

Insulin-dependent Diabetes. Insulin injections are given as treatment, for life.

8

What Diabetes type is most prevalent?

Type 2.

9

What happens to insulin sensitivity in Type 2 Diabetes patients? What happens as a result?

Reduced. Overproduction of insulin...

10

Know a couple of symptoms for type 2 diabetes.

In Progress

11

What treatments are available for type 2 diabetes patients?

(1) Weight loss, HBP, Cholesterol lowering drugs...
(2) Reduce high blood sugar (Metformin, Avandia, Sulfonylureas, reduce absorption of carbs in GI tract)
(3) Bariatric surgery

12

What are the biggest risks of the Diabetes drug, Avandia?

30% increase in risk of heart attack complications; 130% increase in risk of Macular edema

13

What percent of Diabetes patients die from heart disease-related complications?

70% of all deaths in patients with diabetes is caused by heart disease.

14

Describe the success of bariatric surgery on severely obese patients with diabetes.

Surgery decreased risk of Type 2 diabetes by over 80% over 15 years for severely obese patients. It also reversed Type 2 diabetes in 3/4 of obese patients.

15

Is there a dose-response relation of dietary glycemic load to diabetes risk?

For women, yes. 40% increase in risk of diabetes when consuming foods with high glycemic load.

16

Which fruit is most effective in reducing diabetes risk?

Blueberries.

17

What is the correlation between red meat and diabetes risk?

In Progress

18

What is the correlation between animal meat in general and diabetes risk?

In Progress

19

What lifestyle changes reduce risk of diabetes?

7% of weight loss and 150min of physical activity per week (More details needed)

20

Which drug is considered the safest in treating Diabetes T2?

Metformin

21

Which is more effective in managing diabetes, Metformin or lifestyle changes (diet and exercise)?

Lifestyle changes. Diabetes can be PREVENTED by lifestyle changes.