Flashcards in Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid/Base Deck (31):
Infants body weight is ___% water.
___ have lower water percentage.
Controls thirst mechanism.
Controls the amount of fluid leaving the body in urine.
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Increase reabsorption of sodium ions in water from the renal tubules back into the blood.
Means that solutions on both sides of the selective permeable membrane have established equilibrium.
Solution of lower osmotic pressure.
Solution of higher osmotic pressure.
Elevated sodium levels.
Lowered sodium levels.
Elevated potassium levels.
Lowered potassium levels.
Elevated calcium levels.
Lowered calcium levels.
Significant accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
PH > 7
PH = 7
Normal blood PH
PH compatible with life.
Condition in which the blood has too much acid or too little base.
A condition in which the blood has too much base or too little acid.
Characterized by a pH decrease and increase in CO2.
Develops when the lungs don't expel CO2 adequately.
Leads to eliminating excessive amounts of CO2.
Increased loss of CO2 from the lungs at a rate faster than it is produced.
Any acid-base imbalance not attributable to CO2. Metabolic production of acids of loss of bases.
Imbalance kid again cannot be due to CO2. Increase of bicarbonate or decrease of hydrogen ions.
Approximately ___ % of body weight is water.
Are the first line of defense for the body for fluctuations in pH.
The kidney compensates for acid-base imbalance within 24 hours and is responsible for long-term control.