Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid/Base Flashcards Preview

Pathophysiology > Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid/Base > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid/Base Deck (31):
1

Infants body weight is ___% water.

70%

2

___ have lower water percentage.

Women

3

Controls thirst mechanism.

Hypothalamus

4

Controls the amount of fluid leaving the body in urine.

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)

5

Increase reabsorption of sodium ions in water from the renal tubules back into the blood.

Aldosterone

6

Means that solutions on both sides of the selective permeable membrane have established equilibrium.

Isotonic

7

Solution of lower osmotic pressure.

Hypotonic

8

Solution of higher osmotic pressure.

Hypertonic

9

Elevated sodium levels.

Hypernatremia

10

Lowered sodium levels.

Hyponatremia

11

Elevated potassium levels.

Hyperkalcemia

12

Lowered potassium levels.

Hypokalcemia

13

Elevated calcium levels.

Hypercalemia

14

Lowered calcium levels.

Hypocalcemia

15

Significant accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.

Ascites

16

PH > 7

Basic

17

PH = 7

Neutral

18

Normal blood PH

7.35-7.45 PH

19

PH compatible with life.

6.8-8.0 PH

20

Condition in which the blood has too much acid or too little base.

Acidosis

21

A condition in which the blood has too much base or too little acid.

Alkalosis

22

Characterized by a pH decrease and increase in CO2.

Hypoventilation

23

Develops when the lungs don't expel CO2 adequately.

Respiratory acidosis

24

Leads to eliminating excessive amounts of CO2.

Hyperventilation

25

Increased loss of CO2 from the lungs at a rate faster than it is produced.

Respiratory Alkalosis

26

Any acid-base imbalance not attributable to CO2. Metabolic production of acids of loss of bases.

Metabolic Acidosis

27

Imbalance kid again cannot be due to CO2. Increase of bicarbonate or decrease of hydrogen ions.

Metabolic Alkalosis

28

Approximately ___ % of body weight is water.

60%

29

Are the first line of defense for the body for fluctuations in pH.

Chemical buffers

30

The kidney compensates for acid-base imbalance within 24 hours and is responsible for long-term control.

Renal response

31

Control is accomplished by responding to CO2 and H+ concentration in the blood.

Respiratory response