Digestive System Disorders Flashcards Preview

Pathophysiology > Digestive System Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System Disorders Deck (33):
1

____ and ___ common indicators of GI disorder.

Nausea and vomiting.

2

Excessive frequency of stools.

Diarrhea

3

Severe, prolonged diarrhea may lead to?

Dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, acidosis, and malnutrition.

4

Watery stool, infection or short transit time. Common cause of lactose intolerance.

Large volume diarrhea

5

Inflammatory bowel disease. Stool with blood, mucus, pus.

Small volume diarrhea

6

Fatty diarrhea, bulky, greasy, foul odor. Characteristic of malabsorption disorder. Cystic Fibrosis

Steatorrhea

7

Red blood on surface of stool. Lesions in the rectum/anal canal. Hemorrhoids

Frank Blood

8

Small hidden amounts not visible to eye. Caused by bleeding ulcers in stomach or small intestine.

Occult Blood

9

Dark colored "tarry" stool. Significant bleeding higher in digestive tract.

Melena

10

Less frequent bowel movements and passage of small hard stools.

Constipation

11

Chronic constipation can lead to?

Hemorrhoids

12

Severe constipation can lead to?

Impaction

13

Often accompanied by pallor, sweating, nausea, vomiting.

Visceral Pain (ANS)

14

Inflammation and ulceration in higher digestive tract. Oral ulcerations and heartburn.

Burning sensation pain

15

Upper right quadrant. Typical of liver capsule stretching.

Dull aching pain

16

Characteristics of inflammation, distention, stretching of intestines.

Cramping diffuse pain

17

Recurrent smooth muscle spasm. Response to severe inflammation/obstruction.

Colicky severe pain

18

Steady, intense, well localized. Indicates involvement/inflammation of parietal peritoneum.

Somatic pain

19

Pain in different area.

Referred pain

20

Chronic anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea.

General malnutrition

21

May lack certain required elements of nutrition.

Fad diets

22

Growth/development delayed or impaired.

Children malnutrition

23

Blood tumor marker. Cancer of digestive system.

CEA (Carcinoembryonic antigen)

24

Coating agent drug uses for?

Ulcers

25

Laxatives used for?

Stool softeners

26

Part of stomach elevated, protrudes through hiatus of diaphragm into thoracic cavity.

Hiatal Hernia

27

Portion of stomach and gastroesophageal junction move up diaphragm in supine. Standing herniated portion slides down into abdomen cavity.

Sliding Hernia

28

Fundus moves up through enlarged or weak hiatus in diaphragm. May be compressed by stomach wall causing ulcers.

Rolling Hernia

29

Inflammation of mucosa, reflex of food up to esophagus, dysphagia. Often incompetent gastroesophageal sphincter.

Food lodges in pouch of hiatal hernia

30

Contributing factors to hiatal hernia?

Shortening of esophagus, weakness of diaphragm, increased abdominal pressure (pregnancy), and obesity.

31

Heartburn, frequent belching, discomfort while lying supine, and dysphagia.

Signs of Hiatal Hernia

32

Allows gastric contents to reflux back into esophagus. Often in conjunction with hiatal hernia.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

33

Eliminate factors that decrease LES (lower esophageal sphincter) pressure. Avoid spicy foods, take antacids.

Treatment for GERD