Flashcards in Digestive System Disorders Deck (33):
____ and ___ common indicators of GI disorder.
Nausea and vomiting.
Excessive frequency of stools.
Severe, prolonged diarrhea may lead to?
Dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, acidosis, and malnutrition.
Watery stool, infection or short transit time. Common cause of lactose intolerance.
Large volume diarrhea
Inflammatory bowel disease. Stool with blood, mucus, pus.
Small volume diarrhea
Fatty diarrhea, bulky, greasy, foul odor. Characteristic of malabsorption disorder. Cystic Fibrosis
Red blood on surface of stool. Lesions in the rectum/anal canal. Hemorrhoids
Small hidden amounts not visible to eye. Caused by bleeding ulcers in stomach or small intestine.
Dark colored "tarry" stool. Significant bleeding higher in digestive tract.
Less frequent bowel movements and passage of small hard stools.
Chronic constipation can lead to?
Severe constipation can lead to?
Often accompanied by pallor, sweating, nausea, vomiting.
Visceral Pain (ANS)
Inflammation and ulceration in higher digestive tract. Oral ulcerations and heartburn.
Burning sensation pain
Upper right quadrant. Typical of liver capsule stretching.
Dull aching pain
Characteristics of inflammation, distention, stretching of intestines.
Cramping diffuse pain
Recurrent smooth muscle spasm. Response to severe inflammation/obstruction.
Colicky severe pain
Steady, intense, well localized. Indicates involvement/inflammation of parietal peritoneum.
Pain in different area.
Chronic anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea.
May lack certain required elements of nutrition.
Growth/development delayed or impaired.
Blood tumor marker. Cancer of digestive system.
CEA (Carcinoembryonic antigen)
Coating agent drug uses for?
Laxatives used for?
Part of stomach elevated, protrudes through hiatus of diaphragm into thoracic cavity.
Portion of stomach and gastroesophageal junction move up diaphragm in supine. Standing herniated portion slides down into abdomen cavity.
Fundus moves up through enlarged or weak hiatus in diaphragm. May be compressed by stomach wall causing ulcers.
Inflammation of mucosa, reflex of food up to esophagus, dysphagia. Often incompetent gastroesophageal sphincter.
Food lodges in pouch of hiatal hernia
Contributing factors to hiatal hernia?
Shortening of esophagus, weakness of diaphragm, increased abdominal pressure (pregnancy), and obesity.
Heartburn, frequent belching, discomfort while lying supine, and dysphagia.
Signs of Hiatal Hernia
Allows gastric contents to reflux back into esophagus. Often in conjunction with hiatal hernia.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)