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Pathophysiology > Final Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Review Deck (37):
1

Increase chance of gastrointestinal bleeding is a side effect of medication?

Ibuprofen

2

What are the main concerns for a patient in the acute setting for a burn patient?

Infection

3

What type of functional complications patients have due to burns?

Infections, functional tasks (uncomfortable)

4

What type of treatment should not be performed for a patient with SLE?

Avoid fatigue, sun exposure, any exercise that makes the patient fatigued, hot packs, and ultrasound on thermal settings.

5

If patient is on prednisone what are some side effects?

Atrophy of lymphoid tissues, decreased number of WBC's, delayed healing, adrenal atrophies, retention of water and sodium, and slow growth in children.

6

What are some common side effects of chemotherapy?

Normal cells damaged, vomiting, bone marrow depression, and hair loss.

7

What are your primary concerns/precautions in regard to PT with a chemotherapy patient?

Standard precautions is too prevent infection, radiated tissue treated with care and weak/fall risk.

8

What does stage 3 of cancer mean?

Larger tumor and lymph nodes involved.

9

What medication decreases fever and pain?

Tylenol

10

What medication decreases pain, fever, and inflammation?

Ibuprofen

11

Degeneration of small arterioles and arteries?

Arteriosclerosis

12

Blood clot logged along the wall of an artery?

Thrombus

13

By plaques along the walls of arteries?

Atherosclerosis

14

Due to an oxygen deficit to heart muscle?

Angina

15

Which cholesterol is the good one?

HDL

16

Which cholesterol is the bad one?

LDL

17

Is caused by ischemia and cell death of the myocardium?

MI

18

When the heart is unable to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of the body?

CHF

19

Phagocytic Cell

Macrophage

20

Attacks cancer cells and viruses.

NK Cells

21

Produces antibodies.

B Lymphocytes

22

Leads to quicker immune response during 2nd infection.

Memory Cells

23

Individuals with down syndrome have decrease stability in their?

Cervical spine

24

Results in four congenital heart defects?

Tetralogy of Fallot

25

Results in microcephalic, polydactyl, and rocker bottom feet?

Patau Syndrome

26

Occurs in only males and results in increased risk of lung disease, osteoporosis, and autoimmune disease?

Klinefelter Syndrome

27

Early stages of a disease when signs are unspecific.

Prodromal

28

Relative number of deaths resulting from a particular disease.

Mortality

29

The identification of the specific disease.

Diagnosis

30

Number of new cases in a given population noted with in a stated time period.

Incidence

31

Number of new and old or existing cases within a specific population and time.

Prevalance

32

Disease rates within a group.

Morbidity

33

When a treatment, procedure, or error causes a disease.

Iatrogenic

34

General body wide indicators of a disease.

Systemic

35

Concerns the causative factors in a particular disease.

Etiology

36

When the cause of a disease is unknown.

Idiopathic

37

Lupus is more common in.

Women