Intro to Basic Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

Pathophysiology > Intro to Basic Pharmacology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Basic Pharmacology Deck (23):
1

Study of drugs, their actions, dosage, indications, and adverse effects.

Pharmacology

2

A substance that alters biologic activity.

Drug

3

Allergic Reaction

Hypersensitivity

4

Unexpected or unusual reactions to drugs.

Idiosyncratic reactions

5

Negative effects on the body due to a medication error, drug overdose.

Iatrogenic reactions.

6

Harmful effects on the fetus.

Teratogenic

7

Effect increased.

Synergism

8

Effect decreased.

Antagonism

9

One drug enhances the effect of a second drug.

Potentiation

10

Amount required to produce specific desired effect in an adult.

Dosage of drugs

11

Simple method, but has longer time for onset.

Orally

12

May be subcutaneous, intramuscular, or intravenous.

Parenterally (Injection)

13

Rapid onset, but needs effective technique.

Inhalation

14

On skin or mucous membranes.

Topical

15

Some drugs stimulate receptor.

Agonist

16

Some drugs block receptors.

Antagonist

17

The type of drugs you, yourself may by in the drug store.

Over the counter

18

The type of drugs a Dr. must give you a prescription for.

Prescription

19

Refers to the specific chemical structure of the compound.

Chemical Name

20

Official "nonproprietary" name (shorter than chemical name).

Generic Name

21

Name assigned by the drug manufacturer.

Trade Name

22

Drug enters body - blood - target site - exerts effects - metabolized and secreted.

Administration and Distribution of Drugs.

23

Chemically changed into compounds that are less effective and more water soluble.

Metabolized.