Respiratory Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory Disorders Deck (30):
1

Normal values are _____ mm Hg for Oxygen.

95-100

2

Normal for carbon dioxide is ____ mm Hg.

35-45

3

A reduction of the Pa02 levels in the blood.

Hypoxemia

4

A rise in the PaC02 levels in the blood.

Hypercapnia

5

Normal Breathing Rate.

12-18

6

Deep Rapid Respirations

Kussmaul Respiration

7

Subjective feeling of not being able to inhale enough air.

Dyspnea

8

Results from inflammation or infection of the parietal pleura.

Pleural Pain

9

Spread through respiratory droplets. Highly contagious.

Viral Infection (Rhinovirus)

10

Secondary bacterial infection.

Sinusitis

11

A condition where either the whole or part of a lung collapses.

Atelectasis

12

Inflammation of the bronchi resulting in the production and secretions and inflammatory exudate in the lungs.

Bronchiolitis

13

Life threatening condition. Lung collapses as the result of air entering the pleural cavity and changing the negative pressure that normally maintains the integrity of the lungs against the chest wall.

Pneumothorax

14

Pulmonary disease involving inflammation of the alveoli and small bronchi.

Pneumonia

15

Aspirated material causes acute inflammatory reaction within lungs.

Aspiration Pneumonia

16

Infection localized in 1 or more lobes.

Lobar Pneumonia

17

Arise from bronchial epithelium. Most common.

Bronchogenic Carcinoma

18

Develops in the epithelial linging in bronchus.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

19

Found on lung periphery.

Adenocarcinomas and Bronchoalveolar Cell Carcinoma

20

Pulmonary infection caused by a protozoan in an immunocompromised host.

Pneumocystic Carinii Pneumonia

21

Rapidly growing, located near major bronchus

Small Cell Carcinoma

22

Found in periphery, rapid growth rate, early mets

Large Cell Carcinoma

23

Progressive tissue damage and obstruction of airways.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

24

Periodic episode of severe but reversible bronchial obstruction.

Asthma

25

Onset in childhood, acute episodes.

Extrinsic Asthma

26

Onset during adulthood, acute attack.

Intrinsic Asthma

27

Significant change is destruction of alveolar walls and spaces. (Dead air trapped in lungs)

Emphysema

28

Blue Bloaters

Chronic Bronchitis

29

Pink Puffers

Emphysema

30

Genetically inherited disease characterized by thickening of secretions of all exocrine glands, leading to obstruction.

Cystic Fibrosis