Flashcards in Respiratory Disorders Deck (30):
Normal values are _____ mm Hg for Oxygen.
Normal for carbon dioxide is ____ mm Hg.
A reduction of the Pa02 levels in the blood.
A rise in the PaC02 levels in the blood.
Normal Breathing Rate.
Deep Rapid Respirations
Subjective feeling of not being able to inhale enough air.
Results from inflammation or infection of the parietal pleura.
Spread through respiratory droplets. Highly contagious.
Viral Infection (Rhinovirus)
Secondary bacterial infection.
A condition where either the whole or part of a lung collapses.
Inflammation of the bronchi resulting in the production and secretions and inflammatory exudate in the lungs.
Life threatening condition. Lung collapses as the result of air entering the pleural cavity and changing the negative pressure that normally maintains the integrity of the lungs against the chest wall.
Pulmonary disease involving inflammation of the alveoli and small bronchi.
Aspirated material causes acute inflammatory reaction within lungs.
Infection localized in 1 or more lobes.
Arise from bronchial epithelium. Most common.
Develops in the epithelial linging in bronchus.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Found on lung periphery.
Adenocarcinomas and Bronchoalveolar Cell Carcinoma
Pulmonary infection caused by a protozoan in an immunocompromised host.
Pneumocystic Carinii Pneumonia
Rapidly growing, located near major bronchus
Small Cell Carcinoma
Found in periphery, rapid growth rate, early mets
Large Cell Carcinoma
Progressive tissue damage and obstruction of airways.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Periodic episode of severe but reversible bronchial obstruction.
Onset in childhood, acute episodes.
Onset during adulthood, acute attack.
Significant change is destruction of alveolar walls and spaces. (Dead air trapped in lungs)