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Flashcards in Blood & Lymphatic Disorders Deck (79)
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1

Functions of the blood?

Major transport system. Carries antibodies and WBC's (defenses). Controls body temperature.

2

Blood PH

7.35-7.45 (Alkaline)

3

An adult has approximately ____ L of blood.

5 L

4

What percent of the blood is plasma?

55%

5

What percent of the blood is formed elements(RBC, WBC, Platelets)?

45%

6

Proportion of blood volume occupied by RBC's.

Hematocrit

7

What percent hematocrit in males?

48%

8

What percent hematocrit in females?

45%

9

Elevated hematocrit could indicate?

Dehydration or excess RBC's

10

Depress hematocrit could indicate?

Blood loss or anemia

11

Normal RBC Count

4.2-6.2 million/mm3

12

Excessive destruction of RBC's results in?

Jaundice

13

Normal WBC/Leukocytes Count

5,000-10,000/mm3

14

Increase in WBC's (inflammation or infection)

Leukocytosis

15

Decrease in WBC's (viral infection, radiation, chemo)

Leukopenia

16

Total RBC's, WBC's, and platelets

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

17

Clotting factors to clot timed test?

Prothrombin Time

18

Stimulates production of RBC's.

Procrit (epoetin)

19

Cause a reduction in oxygen transport in blood due to low hemoglobin content.

Anemia

20

Decreased ____ = Decreased Oxygen

RBC's

21

Hemoglobin carries ___ molecules of oxygen at a time.

4

22

Decreased Fe, impedes synthesis of Hb. Reducing the amount of oxygen transported.

Iron Deficiency Anemia

23

______ Anemia affects mainly women and pregnant women.

Iron Deficiency

24

Pallor of skin, fatigue, lethargy, cold intolerance, menstrual irregularities, concave nails, delayed healing.

General signs of anemia

25

Tachycardia, heart palpitations, dyspnea, syncope.

Signs of severe anemia

26

Iron rich foods/supplements. Depends on the cause.

Iron Deficiency Anemia Treatments

27

Megaloblastic Anemia

Pernicious Anemia Vitamin 12 Deficiency

28

Usually results from a deficiency of folic acid or vitamin 12.

Pernicious Anemia Vitamin 12 Deficiency

29

Malabsorption of vitamin 12.

Due to lack of intrinsic factor (IF)

30

Results from the formation of autoantibodies against IF in the gastric mucosa.

Lack of intrinsic factor