Skin Disorders Flashcards Preview

Pathophysiology > Skin Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skin Disorders Deck (29):
1

1st line of defense for immune system, prevents excessive fluid loss, helps control fluid loss, helps control body temperature, sensory perception, and synthesis and activation of vitamin D.

Skin Functions

2

Recessive trait leading to a lack of melanin production.

Albinism

3

One of the most common symptoms of dermatological disease.

Pruritus (Itching)

4

Small, flat, circumscribed lesion of a different color than normal skin.

Macule

5

Small, firm, elevated lesion.

Papule

6

Palpable elevated lesion.

Nodule

7

Elevated, erythematous lesion, usually contain purulent exudate (pus).

Pustule

8

Elevated, thin-walled lesion containing clear fluid.

Vesicle

9

Large, slightly elevated lesion with flat surface, often topped by a scale.

Plaque

10

May be caused by exposure to an allergen or by direct chemical or mechanical irritant to the skin.

Contact Dermatitis

11

Result from a hypersensitivity reaction.

Uticaria (Hives)

12

Inflammation of the skin, may be genetic.

Eczema

13

Chronic inflammatory skin disorder of unknown origin.

Psoriasis

14

Collagen deposits, inflammation, and fibrosis with decreased capillary networks develop in the skin.

Scleroderma

15

Superficial bacterial infection caused by staphylococci or streptococci.

Impetigo

16

Bacterial infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue.

Cellulitis

17

Primary infection symptomatic, reoccurrence may be triggered by stress or infection. Cold sore or fever blister.

Herpes 1 (Herpes Simplex)

18

Common cause of vesicular genital eruption.

Herpes 2

19

in years after the primary infection of varicella or chicken pox.

Herpes Zoster (Shingles)

20

Benign infection by human papillomaviruses.

Warts

21

On skin, usually hands/fingers.

Common Warts

22

On pressure points of feet.

Plantar Warts.

23

Forms a ring-shaped patches with vesicles or scales.

Ringworm

24

Typically between toes, redness, itching, and pain.

Athlete's Foot

25

Carbon monoxide poisioning.

Cherry Red

26

Slightly blue, grayish color of the skin

Cyanosis

27

Anemia, internal hemorrhaging, or lack of color.

Pallor

28

Liver disease, yellow color skin.

Jaudice

29

Brownish, yellow spots.

Liver Spots