Flashcards in Gardner Chapter 4 Deck (26)
The suffering of Christ leading up to his Death
Temptation in the Desert
Following the Baptism of Christ by St. John, Christ fasted and prayed in the wilderness for forty days. During this time, he was tempted by Satan. Unlike our first parents and their descendants, Christ overcame the temptations of the Devil.
The Passover meal Christ and his Apostles celebrated before his arrest. Christ instituted the Sacraments of the Eucharist and Holy Orders at the Last Supper.
The divine glory of Christ was manifested to Sts. Peter, James, and John on Mt. Tabor. While there, Christ spoke with Moses and Elijah and was called “Son” by a voice from Heaven
What is the significance of the Transformation?
The transformation revealed Jesus' divinity to the Apostles and showed that he must die in order to redeem the world.
What is the New Commandment and how does it relate to the Decalogue?
The New Commandment is the message of Jesus: love your neighbor as yourself. This commandment fulfills all of the commandments in the Decalogue.
What is the Eucharist and its significance?
The Eucharist is the sacrament in which Catholics take part in the consumption of the body and blood of Christ. By doing this, participants parallel themselves with the Apostles at the Last Supper, and are filled when they partake in the Eucharist.
In fulfillment of Isaiah 53, Christ, the Suffering Servant, suffered and died on the Cross to gain the redemption of mankind.
Greek for “emptying,” it refers to Christ having emptied himself by becoming man and taking on human nature (cf. Phil 2: 5-11).
A form of execution in which the prisoner is nailed or otherwise affixed to a cross and left to die of asphyxiation.
Agony in the Garden
The mental, moral, and physical agony suffered by Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, where he prayed after the Last Supper but before his arrest. He asked the Father, if possible, to remove the cup of his Passion and Death but the Father’s will be done.
Who is the suffering servant?
Jesus is the suffering servant who died for us all
What is the Agony in the Garden?
The Agony in the Garden is all of the spiritual suffering endured by Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane.
What is the Passion of Christ?
The Passion of Christ is his suffering up until his eventual death
How did Christ die?
He died of asphyxiation upon the cross.
What is the Kenosis?
Jesus emptying himself of his divine nature to become human.
What is Christ's descent into hell?
Christ descended into hell after his death to gather the righteous and bring them up to heaven, where had opened the gates.
Did the Resurrection really happen?
Yes. It physically happened. The Apostles attest to it being so.
What is the risen Christ like?
He is more divine nature than human. He is ghostlike, passing through walls, and more like a spirit than a man.
The bodily rising of Christ from the dead, as he had foretold, on the third day after his Death on the Cross and burial in the tomb. By virtue of his Resurrection, Christians have the hope of resurrection with Christ on the Last Day (cf. CCC 997).
Stations of the Cross
The pious practice of meditating upon Christ’s Passion, Death, and Resurrection. This may be done either by walking the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem or passing from one image to the next depicting Christ’s sufferings in a church.
Descent of the Holy Spirit
Fifty days after Passover, the Apostles, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and other disciples were gathered in the Upper Room during the Jewish Feast of Pentecost, which celebrates the giving of the Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai. The Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and was given to the Church. This event is considered the “birthday” of the Church.
Forty days after his Resurrection, the entry of Christ’s humanity into divine glory
Who has the power to forgive sins?
The Apostles originally had the power, and now the members of the Church can forgive sins.
How did Christ deal with Peter's betrayal?
He makes him profess his love of Christ three times before forgiving him.