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Flashcards in Quigley Chapter 4 Deck (20):
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Passion

The suffering of Christ leading up to his Death.

1

Resurrection

The bodily rising of Christ from the dead, as he had foretold, on the third day after his Death on the Cross and burial in the tomb. By virtue of his Resurrection, Christians have the hope of resurrection with Christ on the Last Day (cf. CCC 997).

2

Temptations in the Desert

Following the Baptism of Christ by St. John, Christ fasted and prayed in the wilderness for forty days. During this time, he was tempted by Satan. Unlike our first parents and their descendants, Christ overcame the temptations of the Devil.

3

Agony in the Garden

The mental, moral, and physical suffering experienced by Jesus before his passion. He asked that He might not die but for the Father's will be done.

4

Crucifixion

A form of execution in which the prisoner is nailed or otherwise affixed to a cross and left to die of asphyxiation

5

Last Supper

The Passover meal Christ and his Apostles celebrated before his arrest. Christ instituted the Sacraments of the Eucharist and Holy Orders at the Last Supper.

6

Transfiguration

The divine glory of Christ was manifested to Sts. Peter, James, and John on Mt. Tabor. While there, Christ spoke with Moses and Elijah and was called “Son” by a voice from Heaven

7

Suffering Servant

In fulfillment of Isaiah 53, Christ, the Suffering Servant, suffered and died on the Cross to gain the redemption of mankind.

8

Descent of the Holy Spirit

Fifty days after Passover, the Apostles, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and other disciples were gathered in the Upper Room during the Jewish Feast of Pentecost, which celebrates the giving of the Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai. The Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and was given to the Church. This event is considered the “birthday” of the Church.

9

Stations of the Cross

The pious practice of meditating upon Christ’s Passion, Death, and Resurrection. This may be done either by walking the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem or passing from one image to the next depicting Christ’s sufferings in a church.

10

What is the significance of the Transfiguration?

It showed Jesus through the Law (Moses) and the Prophets (Elijah), which showed His perfection through the Law and the Prophets of the OT. It also reassured His divinity as "Son" and foretold of His death and sacrifice.

11

What is the New Commandment and how does it relate to the Decalogue?

It is Jesus' Law of Love that perfects the Mosaic Covenant. Only meant to bring good out of bad, so He preaches with positive terms instead of negative "no this" and "no that" that perfects the teachings within the Decalogue.

12

What is the Eucharist and its significance?

It is the body and blood of Jesus Christ that serves as the meal at the New Passover feast. Jesus is the Lamb of God, and we must feast on His body and blood, before the covenant is consummated through Jesus' shedding of blood and sacrifice on the Cross.

13

Kenosis

Greek for “emptying,” it refers to Christ having emptied himself by becoming man and taking on human nature (cf. Phil 2: 5-11).

14

Who is the Suffering Servant?

Jesus is the suffering servant as described by Isaiah. He must suffer and die for the sake of all of humanity.

15

What is the Agony in the Garden?

It is the suffering and mental pain Jesus endures in Gethsemane before He knows He will be crucified. Jesus faces the greatest pain because He knows that He will sacrifice everything for us, and some people won't even accept Him.

16

What is the Passion of Christ?

The Passion of Christ is the suffering and trial He must endure during His Agony, His Crowning of Thorns, His March with the Cross, and His ultimate Crucifixion. It ends moments before His death when He prays for the healing and reparation of the sins of even those who killed Him.

17

How did Christ die?

He was crucified on Mount Calvary as the King of the Jews. While He was on the Cross, He began to asphyxiate and ultimately died before being humiliated and tortured by the Roman soldiers.

18

What is the Kenosis?

Kenosis is the emptying out and purging of emotions or a physical substance such as blood. For Jesus, this could be said to have begun at Gethsemane and ended when the Roman soldier stabbed His side, releasing pure water.

19

Ascension

Forty days after his Resurrection, the entry of Christ’s humanity into divine glory.