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Flashcards in Sander Chapter 4 Deck (11):
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Temptations in the Desert

Following the Baptism of Christ by St. John, Christ fasted and prayed in the wilderness for forty days. During this time, he was tempted by Satan. Unlike our fist parents and their descendants, Christ overcame the temptations of the Devil.

1

Kenosis

Greek for "emptying," it refers to Christ having emptied himself by becoming man and taking on human nature (cf. Phil 2:5-11).

2

Last Supper

The Passover meal Christ and his Apostles celebrated before his arrest. Christ instituted the Sacraments of the Eucharist and Holy Orders at the Last Supper.

3

Transfiguration

The divine glory of Christ was manifested to Saints Peter, James, and John on Mt. Tabor. While there, Christ spoke with Moses and Elijah and was called "son" by a voice from Heaven.

4

Suffering Servant

In fulfillment of Isaiah 53, Christ, the Suffering Servant, suffered and died on the Cross to gain the redemption of mankind.

5

Passion

The suffering of Christ leading up to his Death.

6

Crucifixion

A form of execution in which the prisoner is nailed or otherwise affixed to a cross and left to die of asphyxiation.

7

Agony in the Garden

The mental, moral, and physical agony suffered by Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, where he prayed after the Last Supper but before his arrest. He asked the Father, if possible, to remove the cup of his Passion and Death but the Father's will be done.

8

Resurrection

The bodily rising of Christ from the dead, as he had foretold, on the third day after his Death on the Cross and burial in the tomb. By virtue of his Resurrection, Christians have the hope of resurrection with Christ on the Last Day (cf. CCC 997).

9

Ascension

Forty days after his Resurrection, the entry of Christ's humanity into divine glory.

10

Descent of the Holy Spirit

Fifty days after Passover, the Apostles, the Blessed VCirgin Mary, and other disciples were gathered in the Upper Room during the Jewish Feast of Pentecost, which celebrates the giving of the Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai. The Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and was given to the Church. This event is considered the "birthday" of the Church.