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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (53):
1

Protoevangelium

From the Greek word proto, meaning first, and the evangelion, meaning good news. This first message of Good News-the first Gospel- s found in Genesis 3:1, wherein the promise of a redeemer is announced.

2

Decalouge

From the Greek for "ten words"; the Ten Commandments given by God through Moses.

3

Ark of the Covenant

An ornate box that held the tablet of the Law (Ten Commandments), the rod of Aaron, and some manna; it was a visible sign of God's invisible presence on earth.

4

Isaiah

The great prophet who guides the reforms of Hezekiah. His prophecies often refer to the coming of the Messiah.

5

Isaiah

The great prophet who guided the reforms of Hezekiah. His prophets often refer to the coming of the Messiah.

6

Exodus

Greek for "going out"; the liberation of the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt into the Promised Land by the saving acts of God. This is a type of the liberation from slavery to sin unto eternal life wrought by the saving actions of Jesus Christ through his Passion, Death, and Resurrection.

7

Who was Sarah?

The wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac.

8

Cain

Adam and Eve's first son and murderer of his brother. His descendants carried a line of evil in contrast to the descendants of Seth.

9

Cain

“Adam and Eve’s first son and murderer of his brother, Abel. His descendants carried a line of evil in contrast to the descendants of Seth (Adam and Eve’s third son):"

10

Covenant

A solemn agreement between people or between God and man involving mutual commitments and guarantees

11

Felix Culpa

“Latin for “happy fault.” The liturgy of the Church proclaims, “O happy fault, O necessary sin of Adam, which gained for us so great a Redeemer!”

12

Exodus

“Greek for “going out”; the liberation of the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt into the Promised Land by the saving acts of God. This is a type of the liberation from slavery to sin unto eternal life wrought by the saving actions of Jesus Christ through his Passion, Death, and Resurrection.

13

Promised Land

The land promised by God to Abraham and his descendants, the Israelites. This land stretched from the “river of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates” (Gn 15:18-21).

14

What is Felix culpa and what does it mean in a biblical sense?

"Happy fault" which is original sin allowing for a greater good to enter into the world (Christ) who would not have been as glorious if the Fall never occured

15

Cain

Adam and Eve's first son and murderer of his brother, Abel. His descendants carried a line of evil in contrast to the descendants of Seth (Adam and Eve's third son).

16

Seth

Adam and Eve's third son and eventual heir. His line carried on the true worship of God in contrast to the line of evil of Cain.

17

“Son of Abraham and Sarah born when they were very old. Though Isaac was not Abraham’s first son (he fathered a son, Ishmael, with Hagar, Sarah’s handmaid), he was the firstborn of Sarah, Abraham’s wife, making Isaac the heir of God’s promises.


Excerpt From: Peter V. Armenio. “The Mystery of Redemption.” v1.1. Midwest Theological Forum, 2013. iBooks.
This material may be protected by copyright.

Isaac

18

Chosen People

The Jews; the people chosen by God to be His people and inherit the promises of Abraham. They are named after the Tribe of Judah, one of the sons of Israel (Jacob).

19

Polygamy

Marriage between more than two people (one man and one woman) at the same time. Polygyny refers to the marriage of one man to more than one wife; polyandry refers to marriage of one woman to more than one husband. These are sins against the unity of marriage and are forbidden by the Sixth Commandment.

20

David

second King of Israel, a "man after God's own heart." made a new covenant with all the nations through David.

21

Idolatry

The worship or adoration due to God alone paid to images “made with hands” or any created object. This is forbidden by the First Commandment. Idolatry is distinct from veneration given to saints and holy objects, which is implicitly allowed by the Incarnation as solemnly defined at the Second Ecumenical Council of Nicæa (AD 787).

22

What is the Decalogue?

From the Greek for “ten words”; the Ten Commandments given by God through Moses.

23

Covenant

A solemn agreement between people or God and man involving mutual commitments and guarantees.

24

I am who I am

Ywh or Yaweh

25

Isaiah

The great prophet who guided the reforms of Hezekiah. His prophesies often referred to the coming of the Messiah.

26

Decalouge

From the Greek for “ten words”; the Ten Commandments given by God through Moses

27

Moses

As an infant, he was adopted by Pharaoh’s daughter and raised in Pharaoh’s court. He fled Egypt after killing an Egyptian taskmaster, only to return as God’s chosen agent to liberate the Hebrews from slavery and give the Chosen People God’s Law

28

Lamech

A descendent of Cain and the first bigamist. His seventy-sevenfold revenge demonstrates how far evil had developed in the world

29

Lamech

A descendant of Cain and the first bigamist. His seventy-sevenfold revenge demonstrates how far evil had developed in the world.

30

Passover

“Pesach or Pascha, a Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of their firstborn males from the Angel of Death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the doorposts, which allowed them to leave bondage in Egypt for the Promised Land. This was a type of the sacrificial Passion and Death of Christ, which saved man from bondage to sin. The Eucharist celebrates Christ’s Passover”

31

Who was Isaac?

Son of Abraham and Sarah born when they were very old. Though Isaac was not Abraham’s first son (he fathered a son, Ishmael, with Hagar, Sarah’s handmaid), he was the firstborn of Sarah, Abraham’s wife, making Isaac the heir of God’s promises.

32

Idolatry

The worship or adoration due to God alone paid to images made with hands or any created object. This is forbidden by the First Commandment. Idolatry is distinct from veneration given to saints and holy objects, which is implicitly allowed by the Incarnation as solemnly defined at the Second Ecumenical Council of Nicæa

33

Promised Land

“The land promised by God to Abraham and his descendants, the Israelites. This land stretched from the “river of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates”

34

who is sarah

the wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac

35

protoevangelium

from the Greek "proto" meaning first and "evangelium" meaning good news. The first message of good news- the first gospel- ois found in Genesis 3:15, wherein the promise of a redeemer is announced

36

Idolatry 

“The worship or adoration due to God alone paid to images “made with hands” or any created object. This is forbidden by the First Commandment. Idolatry is distinct from veneration given to saints and holy objects, which is implicitly allowed by the Incarnation as solemnly defined at the Second Ecumenical Council of Nicæa (AD 787).”

Excerpt From: Peter V. Armenio. “The Mystery of Redemption.” v1.1. Midwest Theological Forum, 2013. iBooks.
This material may be protected by copyright.

37

Isaac

Son of Abraham and Sarah Born when they were very old. Though Isaac was not Abrahams first son “(he fathered a son, Ishmael, with Hagar, Sarah’s handmaid), he was the firstborn of Sarah, Abraham’s wife, making Isaac the heir of God’s promises.


Excerpt From: Peter V. Armenio. “The Mystery of Redemption.” v1.1. Midwest Theological Forum, 2013. iBooks.
This material may be protected by copyright.

38

Mt. Morriah

the mountain where Abraham prepared to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice and on which the city of Jerusalem was later built

39

Noah

The man who brought one of each animal onto an ark where he sailed for 40 days and 40 nights while he ruled the earth

40

Senses of Scripture

There are two basic senses in which Sacred Scripture should be read, literal and the spiritual. The spiritual has three senses: the allegorical or typical, the moral or the tropological, and the anagogical.

41

Covenant

A solemn agreement between people or between God and man involving mutual commitments and guarantees.

42

Joseph

Jacob’s favorite among his twelve sons. His envious brothers sold him as a slave, but Joseph rose to become prime minister of Egypt, where he was ultimately able to save his family from starvation.

43

Promised Land

The land promised by God to Abraham and his descendants, the Israelites. This land stretched from the “river of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates (Gn 15:18-21)

44

Sarah

The wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac.

45

Jacob

The younger of Isaac and Rebekah’s twin sons, he tricked his brother into giving him his inheritance and his father into giving him the firstborn’s blessing, thus becoming his heir. Through him God renewed the covenant with Abraham’s descendants.

46

What are the three spiritual senses used when reading Sacred Scripture?

Allegorical (typical), moral (tropological), and anagogical

47

YHWH

the tetragrammaton, or four letters, of the divine name in Hebrew; the personal name of the God of Israel revealed to Moses on Mt. Sinai, meaning "I AM WHO I AM." This is rendered Lord in most English translations of the Bible.

48

Mt. Moriah

The mountain where Abraham prepared to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice and on which the city of Jerusalem was later built

49

Abraham

Hebrew for “father of a multitude”; a descendant of Shem and the founder of the Hebrew nation. He was the first to receive a personal call from God (at seventy years of age), to which he responded with faith

50

Decalogue

From the Greek for 'ten words' ; the Ten Commandments given by God through Moses

51

Ark of the Covenant

An ornate box that held the tablets of the Law (Ten Commandments), the rod of Aaron, and some manna; it was a visible sign of God’s invisible presence on earth.

52

Abraham

“Hebrew for “father of a multitude”; a descendant of Shem and the founder of the Hebrew nation. He was the first to receive a personal call from God (at seventy years of age), to which he responded with faith”

53

Isaac

“Son of Abraham and Sarah born when they were very old. Though Isaac was not Abraham’s first son (he fathered a son, Ishmael, with Hagar, Sarah’s handmaid), he was the firstborn of Sarah, Abraham’s wife, making Isaac the heir of God’s promises.”