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The suffering of Christ leading up to his Death


Agony on the Garden

The mental, moral, and physical agony suffered by Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, where he prayed after the Last Supper but before his arrest. He asked the Father, if possible, to remove the cup of his Passion and Death but the Father's will be done



Forty days after his Resurrection, the entry of Christ's humanity into divine glory



A form of execution in which the prisoner is nailed or otherwise affixed to a cross and left to die of asphyxiation


Descent of the Holy Spirit

Fifty days after Passover, the Apostles, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and other disciples were gathered in the Upper Room during the Jewish Feast of Pentecost, which celebrates the giving of the Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai. The Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and was given to the Church. This event is considered the "birthday" of the Church



Greek for "emptying," it refers to Christ having emptied himself by becoming man and taking on human nature


Last Supper

The Passover meal Christ and his Apostles celebrated before his arrest. Christ instituted the Sacraments of the Eucharist and Holy Orders at the Last Supper



The bodily rising of Christ from the dead, as he had foretold, on the third day after his Death on the Cross and burial in the tomb. By virtue of his Resurrection, Christians have the hope of resurrection with Christ on the Last Day


Stations of the Cross

The pious practice of meditating upon Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. This may be done either by walking the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem or passing from one image to the next depicting Christ's sufferings in a church


Suffering Servant

In fulfillment of Isaiah 53, Christ, the Suffering Servant, suffered and died on the Cross to gain the redemption of mankind


Temptations in the Desert

Following the Baptism of Christ by St. John, Christ fasted and prayed in the wilderness for forty days. During this time, he was tempted by Satan. Unlike our first parents and their descendants Christ overcame the temptations of the Devil



The divine glory of Christ was manifested to Sts. Peter, James, and John on Mt. Tabor. While there, Christ spoke with Moses and Elijah and was called "Son" by a voice from heaven


What is the significance of the Transfiguration?

It proved the divinity of Christ, and he was revealed as the true Son of God when he was called "Son" by a voice from heaven


What is the New Commandment and how does it relate to the Decalogue?

It was loving God, your neighbors, and your friends. It was added to the Decalogue and was more important than the others


What is the Eucharist and its significance?

The Eucharist is the spiritual feeding on the body and blood of Jesus that reflects the events at the Last Supper


Who is the Suffering Servant?

Jesus is the Suffering Servant foreseen by the prophet Isaiah, the Messiah who had to suffer and die for our salvation


What is the Passion of Christ?

Christ’s unjust condemnation by the Sanhedrin and Pilate and the full range of verbal and physical abuses he suffered as a consequence


How did Christ die?



What is the Kenosis?

Kenosis is a Greek word meaning “self-emptying,” which encapsulates Christ’s sacrificial love


What is the Agony in the Garden?

In the Agony in the Garden, Jesus suffered great mental and emotional anguish to the point of sweating blood, but submitted to his Father’s will to give up his life