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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (33):
1

Adam

The First Man and our father. Together with Eve, he committed the first sin (Original Sin). The Hebrew name refers to the particular individual or mankind in general.

2

Bible

Sacred Scripture; the books that contain the truth of God's revelation, which were composed of human authors under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. The bible contains 46 books in the Old Testament and 27 in the New.

3

Serpent

The form taken by Satan in the Garden of Eden. The Hebrew word 'nahash' refers to a fearsome, murderous creature.

4

Inerrant

Making no mistakes or errors. Scripture is inerrant; it always teaches the truth, never falsehood.

5

Infallible

Incapable of error. The Bible and the Church are infallible because of a special protection by God the Holy Spirit.

6

Inspired

Guided by God; from a word meaning “breathed in.” The human writers of Scripture wrote in their own words but through God’s inspiration wrote what he intended them to write and nothing more.

7

Evolution

The scientific theory that species came to be as they are by gradual process of change and development. Valid theories on the origin of life cannot contradict two facts: God created all matter, and the creation of human beings is a special act of the divine Creator

8

Original Holiness

The state of harmony that existed between our first parents and God before the Fall by which they participated in divine life.

9

Image

A representation such as a statue or picture. Each human person is made in the image of God; that is, human beings are like God insofar as having intelligence, free will, and the capacity to love.

10

Eden

The name of the garden in which God placed Adam and Eve

11

Empirical Data

Information gathered from sensory observation and expirimentation

12

Soul

The form of the body, this is an individual spiritual substance created directly by God in his image and likeness. The unity of a body and soul form a human person. The soul is immortal--it does not perish when separated from the body at death--and it will be united with a glorified body at the final resurrection.

13

Serpent

The form taken by Satan in the Garden of Eden. The Hebrew word nahash refers to a fearsome, murderous creature.

14

Transcendent

Beyond the limits of ordinary human experience or knowledge.

15

Concupiscence

fosters the appetite to escape the dominion of reason. This is opposed to the cardinal virtue of temperance.

16

Malice

The the will to sin and weakness in the face of temptation. This is opposed to the cardinal virtue of justice.

17

Salvation History

The story of God's plan to save man from the consequences of sin. This plan began with creation, is unfolding now, and will continue until the end of time at the Second Coming.

18

Creation

God's bring forth the universe and all its inhabitants into being out of nothing. Creation is good, but has been corrupted by sin.

19

Scripture

The books that contain the truth of God’s Revelation, which were composed by human authors under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. The Bible contains forty-six books in the Old Testament and twenty-seven in the New.

20

Void

Empty; without form; the state of the world before God gave it form and created beings to fill it.

21

Evolution

The scientific theory that species came to be as they are by gradual process of change and development. Valid theories on the origin of life cannot contradict two facts: God created all matter, and the creation of human beings is a special act of the divine Creator

22

Eve

The first woman and our first mother. Eve was created from the rib of Adam, and thus woman, unlike the animals, is man's equal and complement. With Adam, she committed the first sim (Original Sin).

23

Preternatural Gifts

The gifts bestowed on ourt first parents, which include exemption from concupiscence, sickness, death, and ignorance. These gifts are distinct from the supernatural gufts by which our first parents were adopted as children of God and became partakers of divine nature. Though both preternatural and supernatural gifts were lost because of Original Sin, supernatural gifts are bestowed in the Sacrament of Baptism.

24

Original Sin

Adam and Eve's abuse of their human freedom by disobeying God's command. As a consequence, they lost the grace of original holiness and justice and became subject to death; sin became universally present in the world. Every human person except Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary has been born with the stain of Original Sin. This separates mankind from God, darkens the intellect, weakens the will, and introduced into human nature an inclination towards sin.

25

Soul

The form of the body, this is an individual spiritual substance created directly by God in his image and likeness. The unity of a body and soul form a human person. The soul is immortal - it does not perish when seperated from the body at death - and it will be united with a glorified body at the final resurrection.

26

Infallible

Incapable of error. The Bible and the Church are infallible because of a special protection by God and the Holy Spirit.

27

Original Justice

The supernatural and preternatural gifts enjoyed by our first parents before the Fall; these include sanctifying grace and exemption from sin, suffering, death, and concupiscence.

28

God

Creator of the earth. Created mankind and the livings.

29

Inerrant

Making no mistakes or errors. Scripture is inerrant; it always teaches truth, never falsehood.

30

Original Holiness

The state of harmony that existed between our first parents and God before the Fall by which they participated in divine life.

31

Original Sin

Adam and Eve's abuse of their human freedom by disobeying God's command. As a consequence, they lost the grace of original holiness and justice and became subject to death; sin became universally present in the world. Every human person except Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary has been born with the stain of Original Sin. This sin separates mankind from God, darkens the intellect, weakens the will, and introduced into human nature an inclination toward sin.

32

Void

Empty; without form; the state of the world before God gave it form and created beings to fill it.

33

Evolution

The scientific theory that species came to be as they are by a gradual process of change and development. Valid theories on the origin of life cannot contradict two facts; God created all matter, and the creation of human beings is a special act of the divine Creator.