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Flashcards in McAughan-Chapter 5 Deck (22):
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Apostolic Succession

The bishops of the church, through their ordination, form an uninterrupted, unbroken chain of succession, historically traceable to the Twelve Apostles.

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Bride of Christ

christ described himself as the bridegroom and the church as his bride. The symbolism represents the intimate union between Christ and the members of his Mystical Body, the Church.

2

Church

The assembly of people God has called together from the ends of the earth. This word has three meanings: the people God gathers together, the local church (diocese), and the liturgical assembly. It is also the name given to a building used for public Christian worship.

3

Elect

Those chosen by God from the beginning to participate in his plan of salvation and to enjoy his eternal friendship in heaven.

4

Ex Cathedra

Latin for "from the chair" (Of saint Peter). It indicated a solemn and infallible definition by a pope of a doctrine concerning matters of faith or morals to be held by the faithful.

5

Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus

Latin for "Outside the church there is no salvation". This doctrine teaches all salvation comes from Jesus Christ through his Church.

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Final Judgement

Also called the Last, or General, Judgement. This judgement of everyone at the end of time will follow the Second Coming of Christ and the resurrection of the dead.

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Heaven

The dwelling of God. In heaven, the elect enjoy eternal friendship and communion with God and with the angels and saints. Those in heaven enjoy perfect happiness and see God face-to-face, i.e., The Beatific Vision.

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Hell

The Dwelling of Satan and the other fallen angels. By their own choice, those in Hell suffer eternal separation from God and the company of the blessed.

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Indefectability

The quality or characteristic of the Church by which she will exist until the end of time.

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Infallibility

Immunity from error and any possibility of error. The pope enjoys this charism by virtue of his offensive when, "as a supreme pastor and teacher of the faithful ... he proclaims by a definitive act as a doctrine pertaining to faith or morals" (CCC 891). The college of bishops is also infallible when, in union with the pope above all other Ecumenical Council, it definitively proclaims a doctrine pertaining to Faith and morals to be held by the universal church.

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Invincible Ignorance

Ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence. The guilt of a sin committed under invincible ignorance is not imputed to the sinner. This ignorance can be caused by a lack of knowledge, either of fact or of law, by a scarcity of evidence, by insufficient time or talent in the person, or by some other factor.

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Kingdom of God

The Kingdom of God is based on union with Jesus Christ by the work of the Holy Spirit. This kingdom, which is spiritual, begins here on earth and is perfected at the end of time. It is a kingdom of peace, love, and justice.

13

Magisterium

The teaching authority of the Church, which is entrusted to the pope and the bishops in communion with him.

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Marks of the Church

Four characteristics identified in the early church by which one can distinguish whether an ecclesial body is part of the church established by christ. The marks are listed in the Nicene Creed: "One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic"

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Mystical Body of Christ

Taught in St. Paul's First letter to the corinthians, believers are united to Christ in the way individual parts of the body, each with its own function, are united to the head.

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Parable

A usually fictitious narrative or allegory used to illustrate and explain moral or spiritual principles.

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Particular Judgement

The eternal recompense received by each soul at the moment of death in accordance with that person’s faith and works.

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Parouisa

Greek for "Presence" or "arrival"; the Second Coming of Christ at the end of time.

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Pilgrim Church

Term for the Church on earth, whose members are on a journey, the destination of which has not yet been reached. Although people face difficulties and temptations, they are already united—albeit imperfectly—with Christ in Heaven.

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Purgatory

A state of final purification after death but before entrance into Heaven for those who have died in God’s friendship but are only imperfectly purified.

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Sacrament

An efficacious sign of grace instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church by which divine life is dispensed through the work of the Holy Spirit. There are seven