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Flashcards in Hinh Chapter 5 Deck (24)
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Descent of the Holy Spirit

Fifty days after the Passover, the Apostles, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and other disciples were gathered in the Upper Room during the Jewish Feast of Pentecost, which celebrates the giving of the Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai. The Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and was given to the Church. This event is considered the "birthday" of the Church.



Forty days after his Resurrection, the entry of Christ's humanity into divine glory.


Final Judgement

Also called the Last, or General, Judgement. This judgement of everyone at the end of time will follow the Second Coming of Christ and resurrection of the dead.


Aposolic Succession

The bishops of the Church, through their ordination, form an uninterrupted, unbroken chain of succession, historically traceable to the Twelve Apostles.



The assembly of people god has called together from the ends of the earth. This word has three meanings: the people God gathers together, the local church (diocese), and the liturgical assembly. It is also the name given to a building and for public Christian worship.



The quality or characteristic of the Church by which she will exist until the end of time.


Mark of the Church

Four characteristics identified int he early Church by which one can distinguish whether an ecclesial body is pat of the Church established by Christ. The marks are listed in the Nicene Creed, "one, holy, catholic and apostolic."


Kingdom of God

The Kingdom of God is based on union with Jesus Christ by the work of the Holy Spirit. This kingdom, which is spiritual beings here on earth and is perfected at the end of time. It is a kingdom of peace, love, and justice.


Ex Cathedra

Latin for from the chair. It indicates a solemn and infallible definition by a pope of a doctrine concerning matters of Faith or morals to be held by the faithful.



Immunity from erro rand any posssibility of error. The pope enjoys this charism by virtue of his office when "as supreme pastor and teacher of the faithful...he proclaims by a definitive act a doctrine pertaining to faith or moral". The college of bishops is also infallible when, in union with the pope and above all in an Ecumenical Council, it definitively proclaims a doctrine pertaining to Faith and morals to be held by the universal Church.



The teaching authority of the Church, which is entrusted to the pope and the bishops in communion with him.



An efficacious sign of grace institued by Christ and entrusted to the Church by which divine life is dispensed through the work of the Holy Spirit. There are seven.


Bride of Christ

Christ described himself as the bridegroom and the Church as his bride. This symbolism represents the intimate union between Christ and the members of his Mystical Body the Church.



Those chosen by God from the beginning to participate in his plan of salvation and to enjoy his eternal friendship in Heaven.


Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus

Latin for outside the Church there is no salvation. This doctrine teaches all salvation comes from Jesus Christ through his Church.



The dwelling of God. In Heaven, the elect enjoy eternal friendship and communion with God and with the angels and saints. Those in Heaven enjoy perfect happiness and see God face-to-face, i.e., the Beatific Vision.



The dwelling of Satan and the other fallen angels. By their own choice, those in hell suffer eternal separation from God and the company of the blessed.


Invincible Ignorance

Ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence. The guilt of a sin committed under invincible ignorance is not inputed to the sinner.


Mystical Body of Christ

Taught in St Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians, believers are united to Christ in the way the individual parts of the body, each with its own function, are united to the head.



A usually fictitious narrative or allegory (usually of something that might naturally occur) used to illustrate and explain moral or spiritual principles.


Particular Judgment

The eternal recompense received by each soul at the moment of death in accordance with that person's faith and works.



Greek for presence or arrival; the Second Coming of Christ at the end of time.


Pilgrim Church

Term for the Church on earth, whose members are on a journey, the destination of which has not yet been reached. Although people face difficulties and temptations, they are already united - albeit imperfectly - with Christ in Heaven.



A state of final purification after death but before entrance into Heaven for those who have died in God's friendship but are only imperfectly purified.