What is the climate of Germany?
What are some weather hazards that Germany faces?
- Spring frost
- Summer hail
- Heavy summer rain
What is the most planted grape in Germany?
In Germany, are the best vineyards planted on steep slopes or on the valley floor?
The best sites in Germany are always planted on steep slopes, which usually have very slatey or stony soils.
What is the predominant aspect for Germany's best vineyard sites?
Southerly aspect so the vineyards receive the most possible sunlight.
Why is it beneficial for a vineyard in Germany to be proximal to a river?
Because the river not only reflects sunlight onto the vines, and the air movement from the river helps reduce frost threat and increase air circulation as well.
Germany's 4 categories of wine:
In ascending order of quality, they are:
- Deutscher Wein (wines without GI)
- Landwein (PGI)
- Qualitätswein (PDO)
- Prädikatswein (PDO)
What is Deutscher Wein?
Deutscher Wein is the beginning rung of quality wine.
On the label it does not get a geographic indication other than "Germany."
It must be made of 100% German grapes.
What is Landwein?
Landwein is Germany's PGI/IGP level, the equivalent to France's Vin de Pays.
What is Qualitätswein?
Is it allowed to be chaptalized?
Qualitätswein is a PDO category that represents one of the two tiers of German “quality” wine (the other being Prädikatswein).
- Can only be produced in one of Germany’s 13 anbaugebiete;
- Many Grosses Gewächs dry wines are released as Qualitätswein, without mention of prädikat level.
Qualitätswein is allowed to be chaptalized.
What is Prädikatswein?
Prädikatswein is a PDO category and a subset of Qualitätswein, and it is subdivided into six different Prädikat levels.
Prädikatsweine may NOT be chaptalized.
Prädikatsweine are classified by their must weight.
What does that mean, and what are the six Prädikat levels from lowest to highest?
Must weight refers to the sugar levels in grape juice. Must weight increases as ripeness increases.
Prädikat levels from lowest to highest must weight:
- Beerenauslese (BA)
- Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA)
Which three Prädikat will always be sweet?
What are the typical alcohol levels for a Riesling Kabinett and Riesling Kabinett Trocken?
Kabinett: 8-9% abv (will have a kiss of residual sugar)
Kabinett Trocken: ~12% or just under
PDO wines from Germany can come from only one region/anbaugebeite.
1. Does the anbaugebiete have to appear on the label of a PDO wine?
2. If the wine has a Prädikat level, does the Prädikat have to appear on the label, too?
Yes and yes.
German PDO wines -- Qualitätswein and Prädikatswein -- have to have their region and the Prädikat level on the label (if it is indeed a Prädikat).
Wine regions in Germany are known as what?
How many are there, and which 7 are the most important?
Wine regions in Germany are known as anbaugebiete.
There are 13 anbaugebiete in Germany. The most important 7 are:
What other white grapes grow in Germany besides Riesling?
- second most planted white grape (after Riesling)
- third most planted white grape
What are Germany's black/red grape varietals?
- Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir)
What is Pinot Noir called in Germany?
Where does it grow well?
It thrives in warmer vineyard sites, and it grows well in Baden and Pfalz.
What are the tributaries of the Mosel River?
The central part of the Mosel, known as the Middle Mosel, is where some of the best known villages are located that produce top-quality Rieslings.
Name 3 villages.
The best vineyards in the Mosel are planted on:
- flat plains with gravel soils
- gentle slopes with limestone soils
- steep slopes with slate soils
Steep slopes with slate soils
All south-facing on the Mosel River, too.
The lighest, highest acid Rieslings come from which anbaugebiete?
(Saar and Ruwer can be included in this as their wines are similar in style and quality to Mosel Rieslings).
There are 2 rivers in the Rheingau. Which is in the east and which is in the west?
West: Rhine River
East: Main River
What is the name of the hills to the north of the Rheingau that help protect the region from cold winds?
Name 3 villages in the Rheingau that are famous for their Rieslings.
Spätburgunder is known to grow well in which Rheingau village?
Which anbaugebiet is the largest wine-growing region in Germany?
Some of the fullest-bodied Rieslings in Germany are from this area in the Rheinhessen.
The Rheinterrasse, with the production centered around the village of Nierstein.
Name the village in Nahe producing superior-quality Riesling.