What is the climate of Greece?
Which two seas bracket Greece?
Ionian Sea on the western side of Greece.
Aegean Sea on the eastern side of Greece.
Eastern Greece lies in the rainshadow of which mountains?
What weather event can happen due to the rainshadow combined with the hot Mediterranean climate and lack of rainfall?
Pindos Oros Mountains create the rainshadow for eastern Greece.
Drought can be a problem in eastern Greece due to the lack of rainfall, all the sunshine from the rainshadow, and the hot Mediterranean climate.
Which countries abut Greece's northern border?
From west to east:
What are the grapes in Retsina?
Savatiano and Rhoditis
How is Retsina made?
Fresh pine resin is added to fermenting wine and removed at the first racking.
In which region is Retsina the mainstay of Greece?
What are the 2 PDO levels of wine in Greece?
- Controlled Appellation of Origin (OPE)
- Appellation of Superior Quality (OPAP)
Which Greek PDO is reserved for sweet wines only?
Controlled Appellation of Origin (OPE)
What is the quality level below PDO in Greece?
PGI, or Protected Geographical Indication
What former categories were folded into PGI?
Traditional Appellations, e.g. Retsina
Topikos Inos, Greece's equivalent to France's Vin de Pays.
PDO wines use what terms to indicate extended aging?
Reserve and Grand Reserve
Reserve whites: min. 1 year aging with at least 6 mos in barrel + 3 months in bottle
Reserve reds: min. 2 years of aging with at least 1 year in barrel + 6 mos in bottle
Grand Reserve whites: min. 2 years of aging with at least 1 year in barrel + 6 mos in bottle
Grand Reserve reds: min. 4 year aging including at least 18 mos in barrel + 18 mos in bottle
What are the regions on Greece's mainland?
- Central Greece
What is the best known PDO in the Macedonia region of Greece?
Name the producer that is based there.
Naoussa PDO, home to Boutari.
Altitude in Naoussa PDO goes about how high?
The Macedonia region in Greece is best known for what style of wine made from which grape?
Dry, still red wines made from Xinomavro.
The Peloponnese is best known for this PDO.
What is the red grape in Nemea PDO?
What is the vineyard altitude range found in Nemea PDO?
230 - 900 meters
What is the main white grape in the Peloponnese and in which PDO is it the principal grape?
Moschofilero is the main component in white wines from Mantinia PDO.
What are the permissible white grapes that go into Santorini PDO wines?
Mainly Assyrtiko with Aidani and Athiri.
What are sweet wines known as on Santorini?
How are they made?
Late harvest grapes go through the soleo process (drying harvested grapes in the sun) for up to 2 weeks.
Aging takes place in old, neutral casks for at least 2 years, although many winemakers age their vinsanto longer.
What is the name of the vine training when the vine is in the shape of a basket low to the ground?
(Hint: this type of vine training is found on Santorini).
This low-to-the-ground vine training helps protect the vine from strong Aegean winds; it also helps the vine collect moisture from morning dew.
What is the main soil type on Santorini?
Name some of Greece's top producers.
- Alpha Estate
- Estate Argyros
- Ktima Gerovassiliou