What is the climate of Greece?
Which seas bracket Greece?
Ionian Sea -- western side
Mediterranean Sea -- southern side
Aegean Sea -- eastern side
Eastern continental Greece is in a rain shadow.
What weather event can happen due to the rain shadow combined with the hot Mediterranean climate and lack of rainfall?
Drought can be a problem in eastern Greece due to the lack of rainfall, all the sunshine from the rain shadow, and the hot Mediterranean climate.
What is the name of the mountain range that creates the rain shadow on Greece's mainland?
Which countries abut Greece's northern border?
From west to east:
What are the classification levels of wine in Greece?
Sometimes you'll see Appellation d'origine de qualité supérieure on a bottle Greek wine.
What is this?
A subcategory within the PDO classification Greek winemakers can use for their dry wines exported to other markets.
What are the three Greek PDOs that have the highest international reputation (and that you need to know for the exam)?
Naoussa PDO (Xinomavro)
Nemea PDO (Agiorgitiko)
Santorini PDO (Assyrtiko)
In which region is Naoussa PDO?
Altitude in Naoussa PDO goes about how high?
Naoussa PDO is best known for what style of wine made from which grape?
Dry, red wines made from Xinomavro.
Many compare this grape to Nebbiolo!
The Peloponnese is best known for this PDO.
What is the red grape in Nemea PDO?
What is the vineyard altitude range found in Nemea PDO?
230 - 900 meters
In which sea is the Greek island of Santorini?
What is the main soil type on Santorini?
What is the principal white grape for Santorini PDO?
What are sweet wines known as on Santorini?
How are they made?
Late harvest grapes are dried in the sun for up to 14 days.
Aging takes place in old, neutral casks for at least 2 years, although many winemakers age their vinsanto longer.
What is the name of the vine training when the vine is in the shape of a basket low to the ground?
(Hint: this type of vine training is found on Santorini).
This low-to-the-ground vine training helps protect the vine from strong Aegean winds; it also helps the vine collect moisture from morning dew.