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WSET ® Level 3 Wine > Greece > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greece Deck (19)
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1

What is the climate of Greece?

Hot Mediterranean

2

Which seas bracket Greece?

Ionian Sea -- western side

Mediterranean Sea -- southern side

Aegean Sea -- eastern side 

3

Eastern continental Greece is in a rain shadow.

What weather event can happen due to the rain shadow combined with the hot Mediterranean climate and lack of rainfall?

Drought can be a problem in eastern Greece due to the lack of rainfall, all the sunshine from the rain shadow, and the hot Mediterranean climate.

4

What is the name of the mountain range that creates the rain shadow on Greece's mainland?

Pindos Oros

 

5

Which countries abut Greece's northern border?

From west to east:

  • Albania
  • Macedonia
  • Bulgaria
  • Turkey

6

What are the classification levels of wine in Greece?

  1. PDO
  2. PGI

7

Sometimes you'll see Appellation d'origine de qualité supérieure on a bottle Greek wine.

What is this?

A subcategory within the PDO classification Greek winemakers can use for their dry wines exported to other markets.

8

What are the three Greek PDOs that have the highest international reputation (and that you need to know for the exam)?

  1. Naoussa PDO (Xinomavro)
  2. Nemea PDO (Agiorgitiko)
  3. Santorini PDO (Assyrtiko)

9

In which region is Naoussa PDO?

Macedonia

 

10

Altitude in Naoussa PDO goes about how high?

400 meters

11

Naoussa PDO is best known for what style of wine made from which grape?

Dry, red wines made from Xinomavro.

Many compare this grape to Nebbiolo!

 

12

The Peloponnese is best known for this PDO.

Nemea PDO

 

13

What is the red grape in Nemea PDO?

Agiorgitiko

14

What is the vineyard altitude range found in Nemea PDO?

230 - 900 meters

15

In which sea is the Greek island of Santorini?

Aegean Sea

16

What is the main soil type on Santorini?

Volcanic

17

What is the principal white grape for Santorini PDO?

Assyrtiko

18

What are sweet wines known as on Santorini?

How are they made?

Vinsanto

Late harvest grapes are dried in the sun for up to 14 days.

Aging takes place in old, neutral casks for at least 2 years, although many winemakers age their vinsanto longer.

19

What is the name of the vine training when the vine is in the shape of a basket low to the ground?

(Hint: this type of vine training is found on Santorini).

Stefani

This low-to-the-ground vine training helps protect the vine from strong Aegean winds; it also helps the vine collect moisture from morning dew.