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WSET ® Level 3 Wine > Austria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Austria Deck (47)
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1
Q

What is the climate of Austria?

A

Cool Continental

2
Q

Why are the winemaking regions in Austria clustered in the eastern part of the country?

A

Because the Alps in western Austria are unsuitable for viticulture.

3
Q

Which river runs through Niederösterreich (Lower Austria)?

A

The Danube River

4
Q

Why are summers generally warmer in Austria than in Germany?

A

Because Austria opens up to the Pannonian Plain, which is a large flatland (and former sea) that helps usher in warm air that accumulates between the Alps and Carpathian Mountains.

This warm air helps eastern Austrian reds achieve full ripeness and gives Austrian whites greater body and alcohol compared to their German counterparts.

5
Q

How are the warm growing days in Austria counterbalanced to maintain acidity and freshness in the wines?

A

Cool winds originating in the north (Poland, Czech Republic) that cool down everything at night, which creates a big diurnal shift, especially for more northerly regions.

6
Q

What are the main white grapes of Austria?

A
  • Grüner Veltliner - most planted
  • Welschriesling - second most planted
  • Riesling

 

7
Q

Besides Grüner Veltliner and Welschriesling, what two other white grape varietals are found in Burgenland?

A
  1. Chardonnay
  2. Pinot Blanc (Weissburgunder)
8
Q

Sauvignon Blanc is experiencing a burgeoning reputation in which Austrian wine region?

A

Steiermark in the south

9
Q

What are the main red grapes of Austria?

A
  • Zweigelt - most planted black/red grape
  • Blaufränkisch
  • St Laurent

International grape varieties that are on the rise:

  • Pinot Noir
  • Merlot
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
10
Q

What are the parent grapes for Zweigelt?

A

Blaufränkisch x St Laurent

11
Q

Fill in which red Austrian grape best matches the following descriptions:

  1. ___ is deeply colored with soft tannins and brambly fruits.
  2. ___ has high acid, medium tannins, with flavors of sour cherry and pepper.
  3. ___ behaves similarly to Pinot Noir.

 

A
  1. Zweigelt
  2. Blaufränkisch
  3. St Laurent
12
Q

Fill in which Austrian white grape best matches the following descriptions:

  1. ___ displays white pepper, high acidity, and citrus/stone fruits in its youth and honey + toast flavors as it ages.
  2. ___ makes simple, citrusy wines with green apple flavors (and make better dessert wines).
  3. ___ shows ripe, peachy fruits, and are usually dry and medium- to full-bodied.
A
  1. Grüner Veltliner
  2. Welschriesling
  3. Riesling
13
Q

In Austria, what are the 4 most important generic wine regions?

A
  1. Niederösterreich (Lower Austria)
  2. Burgenland
  3. Wien (Vienna)
  4. Steiermark (Styria)
14
Q

Of the four generic winemaking regions in Austria, which two account for the majority of wine production?

A
  1. Niederösterreich
  2. Burgenland
15
Q

Wines from the 4 Austrian generic wine regions can make wine from how many permitted grape varieties and in what styles?

A
  • 40 permitted grape varieties;
  • Any style.
16
Q

What are the 3 quality levels for wine in Austria?

A

From lowest quality to highest:

  1. Wein (no GI)
  2. Landwein (PGI)
  3. Qualitätswein (PDO)
17
Q

What geographical indication may bottles of Wein, the lowest quality level of wine in Austria, carry?

A

Wines labeled 'Wein' may not have a specific geographical indication.  

The labels will simply state that the wine is from Austria by using the term "Österreich” or “österreichischer Wein,” an equivalent to 'Vin de France'.

18
Q

What is Landwein's geographic designation?

A

PGI, or Protected Geographic Indication

19
Q

What is Qualitätswein's geographic designation?

A

PDO, or Protected Designation of Origin

20
Q

Austrian Qualitätswein can come from either a ___ region or a ___ region.

A

Either a generic region or a specified region

21
Q

What are the designations under Qualitätswein?

A
  1. DAC (Districtus Austriae Controllatus)
  2. Prädikatswein
22
Q

In Austria, the Prädikatsweine focus on medium-sweet and sweet wines.

What are the classifications of Prädikatswein?

A
  • Spätlese
  • Auslese
  • Beerenauslese
  • Eiswein
  • Ausbruch
  • Trockenbeerenauslese
  • Strohwein (aka Schilfwein)

Note that Kabinett is not under Prädikat in Austria like it is in Germany; Kabinett in Austria isn't medium-sweet or sweet, so it is not Prädikat.  Don't worry about this for the exam, though!

23
Q

In Austria, how many smaller wine regions have elected to become DAC?

A

16

24
Q

Which Austrian DACs should you be familiar with for the exam?

How does a region become a DAC?

A
  • Kamptal DAC (Grüner + Riesling)
  • Kremstal DAC (Grüner + Riesling)
  • Weinviertel DAC (Grüner)
  • Neusiedlersee DAC (Zweigelt)
  • Mittelburgenland DAC (Blaufränkisch)

To be awarded DAC status, producers within a region have to come together and agree on:

  1. the style of wine they feel best represents their region (white, red, dry, sweet, etc.)
  2. the grape or grapes allowed in that style

Once the region has been approved DAC status, the producers have to make wines in the style and use the grapes they agreed upon.

If a winemaker veers from these parameters, they cannot use DAC on that wine and the wine will be declassified to the federal state (Niederösterreich, Burgenland, etc.)

25
Q

The DAC designation of Qualitätswein focuses on what?

A

Dry, still white and red wines.

Note: while the DAC system focuses on dry, still wines, there are new DACs that are for rosé wines (Rosalia DAC) and sweet wine (Ruster Ausbruch DAC).

 

26
Q

What is Strohwein (aka Schilfwein)?

How is it made?

A

Strohwein is a dried grape wine.

It's made from fully-ripened grapes which have been laid out on mats of straw (Stroh), or reeds (Schilf), to dry and concentrate the sugars.

27
Q

What is Ausbruch? 

A

Ausbruch is a Prädikat-level sweet wine classification between Beerenauslese (BA) and Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA).

 

28
Q

Niederösterreich translates to what in English?

A

Lower Austria

29
Q

In terms of production and exports Niederösterreich is the ___ of the four federal states in Austria.  

A

Largest

30
Q

What are the most important subregions of Lower Austria that make quality export wines?

A
  • Wachau DAC
  • Kremstal DAC
  • Kamptal DAC
31
Q

Which subregion of Niederösterreich is the most distinguished?

A

Wachau

32
Q

In terms of land and aspect, what do Wachau, Kremstal and Kamptal have in common?

A

All three have steep, terraced, south-facing hillside vineyards that maximize sun exposure.

33
Q

How is it that the Grüners and Rieslings from Wachau, Kamptal, and Kremstal can achieve full ripeness and highly concentrated flavors when they're at such a northerly latitude?

A
  • Vineyards are planted facing south, towards their respective rivers, maximizing sun exposure;
  • The rivers reflect sunlight and warmth into the vineyards which helps to ripen the grapes.
34
Q

Which wine-growing area in Austria is largest in terms of size?

A

Weinviertel DAC

35
Q

What was Austria’s first DAC, and what is the only grape allowed under that DAC?

A

Weinviertel DAC, in 2003 starting with the 2002 vintage.

Grüner Veltliner is the only grape allowed to be labelled with Weinviertel DAC (Rieslings, or any other grapes besides Grüner Veltliner, from Weinviertel cannot carry DAC on the label because Grüner Veltliner is the sole grape allowed under the Weinviertel DAC).

36
Q

What are the two levels to Weinviertel DAC?

A
  1. Klassik
  2. Reserve
37
Q

What are the characteristics of Klassik wine in Austria?

What are the characteristics of Reserve wine in Austria?

A

Klassik wines must be made in a light, fresh style with no perceptible oak flavors.

Reserve wines must have higher alcohol than Klassik, are usually fuller bodied, and allowed to have perceptible (new) oak flavors.

38
Q

What is the eastern region of Austria that borders Hungary?

A

Burgenland

39
Q

What styles of wine is Burgenland best known for?

A

Burgenland is best known for sweet wines and dry reds, but it does make some still, dry whites.

 

40
Q

What are the principal red and white grapes grown in Burgenland?

A

Black/red grapes

  • Zweigelt
  • Blaufränkisch
  • St Laurent
  • Pinot Noir, Merlot, and Cabernet Sauvignon

White grapes

  • Pinot Blanc
  • Welschriesling
  • Grüner Veltliner
  • Chardonnay
41
Q

What is Burgenland's most planted red variety?

A

Zweigelt

42
Q

Burgenland is warmed by winds coming from the ___.

A

East

Review card #4 in this deck for further explanation on these warming winds.

43
Q

In Austria, how many DACs exist for Zweigelt?

How many exist for Blaufränkisch?

A
  • 2 DACs for Zweigelt;
  • 4 DACs for Blaufränkisch.
44
Q

What is the principal red grape in Mittelburgenland DAC?

A

Blaufränkisch

45
Q

Neusiedlersee DAC is best known for red wines made from this grape.

A

Zweigelt

46
Q

Autumn fog and high humidity around this lake in northern Burgenland allows for ideal botrytis conditions to make sweet wine.

What grape is commonly used for these sweet, botrytized wines?

A

lake: Neusiedlersee

grape: Welschriesling

47
Q

Can an Austrian Prädikatswein be labeled with a specific region where a DAC already exists for another style of wine?

If not, how must the wines be labeled?

A

No; the wine must take the relevant generic region.