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Flashcards in Canada Deck (18):
1

What is the climate throughout most of Canada's wine regions?

Continental

2

Canada's most important wine regions are located in which two provinces?

Ontario (east)

British Columbia (west)

3

What is the appellation system for Canada?

The Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA).

Ontario and British Columbia are divided into smaller areas, called DVAs (Designated Viticultural Areas), which are broken down into regional appellations and then sub-appellations.

4

Each province -- Ontario and British Columbia -- has to use ___% grapes grown solely in their province.

100%

The wine can also only be made from Vitis vinifera varieties or approved hybrids.

5

Which two Great Lakes form the boundaries of the Ontario wine region?

Erie and Ontario

The lakes also act as a climatic buffer since Ontario is close to the northern limit for commercial viticulture.

6

What are the 3 DVAs of Ontario?

  1. Niagara Peninsula
  2. Lake Erie North Shore
  3. Prince Edward County

7

Niagara Peninsula is on the southern shore of Lake ___.

Ontario

8

Does Ontario produce more red or white wine?

White

The current split is about 60% white, 40% red.

9

What style of wine does Ontario produce more of by volume than any other wine region in the world?

Icewine

10

What two grape varieties often form the base for Canadian Icewines?

Riesling and Vidal Blanc

Although many producers are using Cabernet Franc to make red icewine as well.

11

What is the minimum residual sugar level for Canadian Icewine?

100 grams per liter.

That's about 10% residual sugar.

12

Grapes for Canadian icewine must be harvested frozen on the vine, and must be harvested at ___ or colder.

-8°C

 

13

What Canadian icewine producer won the Grand Prix d'Honneur at Bordeaux's VinExpo with its 1989 icewine?

Inniskillin

Many see this as the moment that put Canadian icewine on the wine world's map.

14

What are the 5 DVAs of British Columbia?

Which is the most important?

  1. Fraser Valley
  2. Gulf Islands
  3. Okanagan Valley
  4. Similkameen Valley
  5. Vancouver Island

15

The Okanagan Valley DVA is influenced by what climatic feature?

The rainshadow of the Cascade mountain range.

16

Is the Okanagan Valley planted to more red/black or white grape varieites?

Red/Black

But just barely. The split is 51% red, 49% white.

17

What two mountain ranges flank the Okanagan Valley DVA?

The Cascade and Monashee Mountain ranges.

The rainshadow these two mountain ranges produce make Okanagan Valley Canada's only desert.

18

Vancouver Island has what kind of climate?

Maritime

The wetter climate makes Vancouver Island best suited for boutique producers of Riesling and Pinot Noir.