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WSET ® Level 3 Wine > Canada > Flashcards

Flashcards in Canada Deck (12)
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1
Q

Canada’s most important wine regions are located in which two provinces?

A

Ontario (east)

British Columbia (west)

2
Q

What is the climate throughout most of Canada’s wine regions?

A

Continental - can be harsh due to northerly latitude, but large bodies of water help moderate it.

3
Q

Because Canada can experience sub-freezing temps for extended periods, what style of wine is well suited for this climate?

A

Icewine

4
Q

What is the appellation system for Canada?

A

The Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA)

5
Q

The Ontario and British Columbia provinces are divided into smaller areas, called _______, which are then broken down into regional appellations and then sub-appellations.

A

DVAs (Designated Viticultural Areas)

6
Q

Each province – Ontario and British Columbia – has to use ______% grapes grown solely in their province.

A

100% from the province

The wine can also only be made from 100% V. vinifera varieties or approved hybrids.

7
Q

What is the most important DVA of Ontario?

A

Niagara Peninsula

8
Q

Niagara Peninsula is on the southern shore of Lake ________.

A

Ontario

9
Q

Discuss two ways Lake Ontario helps the Ontario region from a viticulture standpoint.

A

Lakes cool down and heat up more slowly than land, so:

  1. In autumn, Lake Ontario gives off warmth it stored over the summer, thereby extending the growing season and helping grapes fully ripen;
  2. In spring, Lake Ontario delays budburst, minimizing frost damage.
10
Q

What two grape varieties often form the base for Canadian Icewines?

A

Riesling and Vidal Blanc

Although many producers are using Cabernet Franc to make red icewine as well.

11
Q

Which is the most important of the 5 DVAs of British Columbia?

A

Okanagan Valley

12
Q

The Okanagan Valley DVA is influenced by what climatic feature?

A

It’s in the rain shadow of the Cascade mountain range, creating a semi-desert environment.