Central Italy Flashcards
What is the climate of Tuscany?
Tuscany generally enjoys a warm Mediterranean climate near the coast which becomes more Continental inland, but mesoclimates exist amid the hilly terrain.
Altitude and sea breezes help provide coolness.
Chianti is situated between which cities?
Pisa, Florence and Siena
What are the permissible grapes in Chianti Classico DOCG?
Sangiovese is the dominant grape that goes into Chianti Classico. Other red grapes allowed in the blend are French and Italian in origin.
White grapes are no longer permitted in Chianti Classico DOCG as of 2006.
There are 7 subzones of Chianti DOCG.
Which two subzones have reputations for producing higher-quality Chianti?
- Chianti Rùfina DOCG
- Chianti Colli Senesi DOCG
What is the dominant grape varietal used in Chianti DOCG?
Sangiovese is the dominant grape used in Chianti DOCG, and the others allowed include other Italian red grapes and some French red grapes.
You don’t need to know this for the exam, but some of the other grapes allowed include Trebbiano, Malvasia, Canaiolo, Colorino, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc.
What is the aging requirement for Chianti Classico DOCG?
12 months prior to release
What are the aging requirements for Brunello di Montalcino DOCG?
Brunello di Montalcino must be aged at least 5 years prior to release, 2 years of which must be spent in wood..
What % Sangiovese must Rosso di Montalcino DOC be?
Brunello di Montalcino DOCG must be _____% Sangiovese.
Under what designation (IGT, DOC, DOCG) are most Super Tuscans released?
IGT Toscana or IGT Rosso Toscana
Most are released with the name of the producer and a fantasy name.
What does IGT stand for?
Indicazione Geografica Tipica
Which 2 important DOCs can Tuscan producers use that allow for non-Italian grapes, such as Syrah, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon?
Bolgheri DOC and Maremma Toscana DOC
Some Super Tuscans are bottled under these DOCs.
Tuscany is on which sea?
What do DOC and DOCG stand for?
Denominazione di Origine Controllata
Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita
What is the hierarchy of Italian wine classifications?
From highest classification to lowest:
- Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG)
- Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC)
- Indicazione di Geografica Tipica (IGT)
- Vino da Tavola (VdT)