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WSET ® Level 3 Wine > Central Italy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Central Italy Deck (39)
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1
Q

What is the climate of Tuscany?

A

Tuscany generally enjoys a warm Mediterranean climate near the coast which becomes more Continental inland, but mesoclimates exist amid the hilly terrain.

Altitude and sea breezes help provide coolness.

2
Q

Chianti is situated between which cities?

A

Pisa, Florence and Siena

3
Q

What are the permissible grapes in Chianti Classico DOCG?

A

Sangiovese is the dominant grape that goes into Chianti Classico.  Other red grapes allowed in the blend include:

  • Colorino
  • Canaiolo
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot

White grapes are no longer permitted in Chianti Classico DOCG as of 2006.

4
Q

There are 7 subzones of Chianti DOCG.

Which two subzones have reputations for producing higher-quality Chianti?

A
  1. Chianti Rùfina DOCG
  2. Chianti Colli Senesi DOCG

 

5
Q

What are the permissible grapes for Chianti DOCG?

A

Sangiovese is the dominant grape used in Chianti, but the other grapes allowed include:

  • Trebbiano and Malvasia (white grapes)
  • Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc (black grapes)
  • Canaiolo and Colorino
6
Q

What is the aging requirement for Chianti Classico DOCG?

A

12 months prior to release

7
Q

What are the aging requirements for Brunello di Montalcino DOCG?

A

Brunello di Montalcino must be aged at least 5 years prior to release, 2 years of which must be spent in wood..

8
Q

What % Sangiovese must Rosso di Montalcino DOC be?

A

100% Sangiovese

9
Q

Brunello di Montalcino DOCG must be ___% Sangiovese.

A

100% Sangiovese

10
Q

Under what designation (IGT, DOC, DOCG) are most Super Tuscans released?

A

IGT Toscana or IGT Rosso Toscana

Most are released with the name of the producer and a fantasy name.

11
Q

What does IGT stand for?

A

Indicazione Geografica Tipica

12
Q

Which 2 important DOCs can Tuscan producers use that allow for non-Italian grapes, such as Syrah, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon?

A

Bolgheri DOC and Maremma Toscana DOC

Some Super Tuscans are bottled under these DOCs.

13
Q

Tuscany is on which sea?

A

Tyrrhenian Sea

14
Q

What do DOC and DOCG stand for?

A

Denominazione di Origine Controllata

Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita

15
Q

What is the hierarchy of Italian wine classifications?

A

From highest classification to lowest:

  1. Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG)
  2. Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC)
  3. Indicazione di Geografica Tipica (IGT)
  4. Vino da Tavola (VdT)
16
Q

What mountain range is the northern boundary of Tuscany?

A

The Apennines

17
Q

What is the hierarchy of Chianti Classico and what is each level's aging requirement?

A

From lowest to highest:

  • Chianti Classico
    • must be aged at least 12 months
  • Chianti Classico Riserva
    • must be aged at least 24 months
  • Chianti Classico Gran Selezione
    • must be aged at least 30 months
18
Q

Tuscany can generally be split into 3 areas.  Describe each.

A

The northern part of Tuscany is mountainous and quite hilly; this is where Chianti is.

The southern part has lower altitude hills and valleys, and is generally warmer than the northern part; this is where Brunello di Montalcino is.

The coast is mostly flat terrain that's cooled by sea breezes; this is where Bolgheri is.

19
Q

Is the Chianti Classico DOCG a subzone of Chianti DOCG?

A

No, Chianti Classico is not a subzone of Chianti.  It is its own DOCG with vineyards that are higher in altitude than Chianti DOCG.

20
Q

In order to use the Gran Selezione designation, where do the grapes have to come from?

A

Gran Selezione grapes must come from a single estate.

21
Q

If a producer wants/needs to declassify their Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG, what is the classification they can use?

A

Rosso di Montepulciano DOC

22
Q

What is the dominant grape in Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG?

A

Sangiovese is the dominant grape, and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano can have up to 30% other local grapes (red and white) in the blend.

23
Q

Is Umbria landlocked or does it abut a sea?

A

Umbria is landlocked.  It has no Mediterranean influence.

24
Q

What is the most important red DOCG of Umbria?

A

Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG

25
Q

What grape goes into Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG?

A

100% Sagrantino

26
Q

What is the most important DOC in Umbria that makes white wine?

A

Orvieto DOC

 

27
Q

What are the grapes that go into Orvieto DOC?

A

Orvieto must be a blend with a majority of Grechetto and Trebbiano.

Other local white grapes grown in Umbria are allowed in the blend.

28
Q

What is the capital of Lazio?

A

Rome

29
Q

What are the main white grapes of Lazio?

A
  • Trebbiano
  • Malvasia
30
Q

What are the base white grapes for Frascati DOC?

A

Malvasia and Trebbiano

Fresh and unoaked, Frascati is a lightly floral and citrusy, medium-bodied wine.

31
Q

Le Marche is on which sea?

A

The Adriatic

Le Marche is roughly at the calf of Italy's boot, on the eastern side of the Apennines.

 

32
Q

What is the most important white grape in Le Marche?

A

Verdicchio

33
Q

What is the well known DOC for Verdicchio in Le Marche?

A

Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi DOC

 

34
Q

What is the best known DOCG red from Le Marche?

 

A

Conero DOCG

Based on the Montepulciano grape and typically has Sangiovese in the blend.

35
Q

Which region is to the north of Abruzzo?

A

Le Marche

36
Q

What is the climate of Abruzzo?

A

Mediterranean

37
Q

What is the main red grape in Abruzzo?

A

Montepulciano

38
Q

What is Abruzzo's best known DOC?

A

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo DOC

39
Q

Montepulciano in Tuscany and Montepulciano d'Abruzzo -- what's the difference?

A

Montepulciano is a village in Tuscany.  The main grape in the village of Montepulciano is Sangiovese.

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo is a DOC in the region of Abruzzo whose main grape is Montepulciano.