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WSET ® Level 3 Wine > Portugal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Portugal Deck (37)
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1

Describe the climate of Portugal.

The majority of Portugal is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, so most of the country has a Maritime climate.

  • Going inland, the climate becomes drier and hotter which can be mitigated by elevation.

2

What are the classification levels of Portuguese wine?

In ascending order:

PGI level

IGP (Indicação Geográfica Protegida), aka Vinho Regional

PDO level

DOP and DOC are both used in Portugal (Denominação de Origen Protegida and Denominação de Origen Controlada)

 

 

3

Table wines without geographical indication are labeled as ___.

Vinho

4

Name the 5 most important DOCs/DOPs of Portugal.

  • Vinho Verde
  • Douro
  • Dão
  • Bairrada
  • Alentejo

5

Where is Vinho Verde located?

Vinho Verde is in the very northwestern corner of Portugal, on the south side of the Minho River across from Galicia.  

The Altantic Ocean is on Vinho Verde's western border.

 

6

What is the climate of Vinho Verde?

Vinho Verde's climate is moderate Maritime due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.

The region receives high amounts of rainfall througout the year.

7

Due to the high amount of rainfall in Vinho Verde, what threats to the vines face?

Fungal diseases can be rampant if the vines' canopies are not managed correctly.

8

What is the classic vineyard trellising system used in Vinho Verde?

The pergola system

9

In recent years Vinho Verde has started to move into which other trellising system?

Spur-pruned VSP system - this allows for increased air circulation and tractors/mechanization.

10

What are the local white grape varieties of Vinho Verde?

  • Arinto
  • Loureiro
  • Alvarinho

11

What is the classic style of wine of Vinho Verde?

Low alcohol, crisp, citrusy white wines -- sometimes with a kiss of residual sugar to make them just off-dry -- and almost always with a slight prickle which gives them a snappy, thirst-quenching quality.

12

What is the most important subregion of Vinho Verde DOC for the production of quality Alvarinho?

What is different about the Alvarinhos here vs. the rest of Vinho Verde?

Monção e Melgaço

Alvarinhos from Monção e Melgaço express riper, more tropical fruits, fuller body, and higher alcohol (11.5 - 14%) compared to the everyday, light-bodied whites of Vinho Verde.

 

13

What is the typical abv range of Vinho Verde?

8% - 11.5%

14

If a wine label reads Vinho Verde Alvarinho, what % must be Alvarinho?

100%

15

What is the oldest demarcated wine region in the world?

Douro

16

What is the mountain range on the western side of the Douro Valley?

Marão Mountains

17

Where is Douro DOC located?

The Douro DOC is located approximately 80 km upriver (east) from the city of Porto.

The Douro DOC abuts the border with Spain.

18

What style of wine is the Douro Valley most famous for?

The production of Port wines.

Related Port questions can be found in the Port deck.

19

What are the differences between Douro DOC and Porto DOC?

Both are produced within the delimitation of the Douro Valley, however:

  • Douro is the appellation for dry table wines
  • Porto is the appellation for sweet fortified wines

20

Name the 5 leading red grape varieties used for both unfortified and fortified wines in the Douro.

  1. Touriga National
  2. Touriga Franca
  3. Tinta Barroca
  4. Tinta Cão
  5. Tinta Roriz (aka Tempranillo)

21

Which grape variety is considered the highest quality for red wine production in the Douro?

Touriga National

22

What are the different names of Tempranillo used in Portugal?

Tinta Roriz in Douro

Aragonês in Alentejo

 

23

Besides the production of Port and dry red table wine, what other styles of wine are made in Douro DOC?

Still, dry, white wines and some sparkling wine (the latter not as common).

More than 40 white grape varieties are permitted to be grown in Douro.

24

What is the elevation range in the Dão?

200m to 400m in elevation.

25

Which white grape variety is used for high-quality wines in the Dão?

Encruzado

26

Name the most important red varieties in the Dão.

  • Touriga Nacional
  • Jaen
  • Tinta Roriz
  • Alfrocheiro (deeply colored)

27

What is the Spanish name of Jaen?

Mencía

28

Where is the Bairrada Region located within Portugal?

What is its climate?

Bairrada is between the Atlantic Ocean and the Dão.

It has a Maritime climate.

29

What are the main grape varieties of the Bairrada region?

  • Baga for red wines
  • Bical and Maria Gomes for white wines

30

Which international red varieties are allowed in Bairrada?

Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah are allowed to be grown in Bairrada.

They are usually blended with Baga.