Learn the geography, grape varieties, climate, soil, wine styles, and producers of Portugal.
Describe the climate of Portugal.
The majority of Portugal is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, so much of the country has a Maritime climate.
- Going inland, the climate becomes drier and hotter (more continental) which can be mitigated by elevation.
What are the classification levels of Portuguese wine?
In ascending order:
IGP (Indicação Geográfica Protegida), aka Vinho Regional
DOP and DOC are both used in Portugal (Denominação de Origem Protegida and Denominação de Origem Controlada)
In Portugal, table wines without geographical indication are labeled as _______.
Name the 5 most important DOCs/DOPs of Portugal.
- Vinho Verde
Where is Vinho Verde located?
Vinho Verde is in the very northwestern corner of Portugal, on the south side of the Minho River across from Galicia.
The Altantic Ocean is on Vinho Verde’s western border.
What is the climate of Vinho Verde?
Vinho Verde’s climate is moderate Maritime due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.
The region receives high amounts of rainfall throughout the year.
Due to the high amount of rainfall in Vinho Verde, what threats do the vines face?
Fungal diseases can be rampant if the vines’ canopies are not managed correctly.
What is the classic vineyard trellising system used in Vinho Verde?
The pergola system
In recent years Vinho Verde has started to move into which other trellising system?
Spur-pruned VSP system - this allows for increased air circulation and tractors/mechanization.
What are the local white grape varieties of Vinho Verde?
What is the classic style of wine of Vinho Verde?
Low alcohol, crisp, citrusy white wines – sometimes with a kiss of residual sugar to make them just off-dry – and almost always with a slight prickle which gives them a snappy, thirst-quenching quality.
Vinho Verde Alvarinho is made exclusively from this white grape variety.
What is the most important subregion of Vinho Verde DOC for the production of quality Alvarinho?
What is different about the Alvarinhos here vs. the rest of Vinho Verde?
Monção e Melgaço
Alvarinhos from Monção e Melgaço express riper, more tropical fruits, fuller body, and higher alcohol (11.5 - 14%) compared to the everyday, light-bodied whites of Vinho Verde.
What is the typical abv range of Vinho Verde?
8% - 11.5%
If a wine label reads Vinho Verde Alvarinho, what % must be Alvarinho?