What is the main natural feature of Argentina wine country?
Most vineyards are at high altitude (600+ meters), some as high as 2000m above the sea level.
The Andes create a rain shadow in Argentina.
What are the two signature varieties of Argentina?
- White: Torrontés
What is the distance between the northernmost and the southernmost vineyards of Argentina?
1,500 Km separate Salta province and Neuquén in Patagonia.
The Salta province in Argentina is located at a latitude inhospitable (read: too hot) for grape growing.
How do Argentinian wine growers produce wine in this region?
By growing their vines at high very altitudes.
Most vineyards are planted at least 2,000m asl. Some of the highest vineyards in the world are located on near the town of Cafayate, rising 3,200m above sea level.
What is the local name for the pergola system in Argentina?
Situated high off the ground, the canopy protects clusters from the hot sun and ensures shade for the grapes.
What grape variety is still grown using the Parral trellising system?
Today most black/red grapes are trellised using VSP (Vertical Shoot Positioning).
Is the rainfall in Argentina high or low?
Are vine growers allowed to irrigate their vineyards?
- Rainfall in Argentina is low thanks to the rain shadow of the Andes.
- Yes, irrigation is a must in Argentina. Luckily there is plenty of snowmelt which is used in spring and early summer flood irrigation.
What forms of irrigation are used in Argentina?
Flood irrigation - water comes from rivers of melting snow; used to be more common but is less so today;
Drip irrigation - more efficient and easier to control throughout parcels; more common in newer vineyards.
What are the weather hazards facing Argentinian vineyards?
- Spring Frost
Summer Hail - some producers use netting to protect their vineyards
What is the benefit of Argentina's lack of rain and arid climate?
Low fungal disease pressure
What are the 3 most planted red varieties in Argentina?
- Malbec (most planted)
- Bonarda (second most planted)
- Cabernet Sauvignon
What is the most planted white grape variety in Argentina?
Not related to Pedro Ximénez of Spain.
Pedro Gimenez is best known for producing grocery store wine.
What system does Argentina use to classify their wines?
Argentina uses a GI system.
Three big regions in Argentina are divided into provinces and then departments.
What are the 4 most important wine production provinces of Argentina?
Mendoza (most important)
San Juan (2nd most important)
La Rioja Province (3rd most important)
Salta (highest elevation)
What is the northernmost province or region of production in Argentina?
Salta province -- it's near the Bolivian border
Salta has some of the highest elevation vineyards in the world.
What is the famous subregion of Salta?
Cafayate grows some of the most aromatic Torrontés in Argentina.
What is the third largest area of production of Argentina?
La Rioja Province, which is located just south of the Salta.
What is the principal vineyard area in La Rioja Province?
Vineyards in Famatina are planted on the valley floor, making this an area of big production, especially for Torrontés.
What wine province is located between Mendoza and La Rioja Province?
San Juan is slightly cooler and not as dry as Mendoza.
What are the most planted varieties of San Juan?
This province is particularly famous for its quality Syrah, but also Chardonnay, Malbec and Cabernet Sauvignon.
What are the 5 subregions of Mendoza?
- Uco Valley
What is the name of the river that flows through Northern and Eastern Mendoza?
It provides irrigation water for the production of high-volume, inexpensive wines.
What are the 2 most important GIs of the Central Mendoza region?
- Luján de Cuyo
Which is higher altitude: Luján de Cuyo or Maipú?
Luján de Cuyo (900-1100m asl)
Which Mendoza subregion has the highest altitude vineyards?
Vineyards reach between 900-1500m.
What is the department within Uco Valley that is producing higher quality wines?
Where can you find the most substantial plantings of Chenin Blanc in Argentina?
San Rafael department in Southern Mendoza.
What is the southernmost wine region of Argentina?
Name the two provinces of Patagonia.
- Rio Negro
Vineyards in Patagonia are located only 200-250m asl. It is dry like the rest of Argentina, but it is cool because of its southern latitude.
Why do the wines of Patagonia display such freshness, intensity and bright acidity?
Long sunshine hours coupled with a large diurnal shift.