What is the climate of Burgundy?
The overall climate is Continental.
It ranges from:
- cool Continental in north (Chablis)
- moderate Continental in south (Chalonnaise + Mâconnais)
What are the 2 main grape varieties of Burgundy?
Red: Pinot Noir
What are 2 other grapes grown in Burgundy?
What is the profile of a classic Aligoté from Burgundy?
Aligoté tends to be neutral and crisp with high acidity, and not overtly aromatic.
What 3 climatic hazards does Burgundy experience?
Rain around flowering and harvest (which can cause rot)
- Springtime frost
- Late summer hail storms
Which Burgundian grape is particularly susceptible to grey rot?
Which grape accounts for about half the total planted vineyard area in Burgundy: Chardonnay or Pinot Noir?
Pinot Noir covers only about 1/3 of the total planted vineyard area.
If you were to describe a Pinot Noir from Burgundy quickly, what are some descriptors you'd use?
- Red fruit
- High acidity
- Low-to-medium tannins
What is the translation of Côte d'Or into English?
What are the 2 subregions of the Côte d'Or?
- Côte de Nuits
- Côte de Beaune
Where are village-level vineyards located?
Village wines are found mostly on flat land or at the bottom of slopes.
Where on the slopes are most 1er Cru vineyards in Burgundy located?
1er Cru vineyards are mostly located mid-slope, with some just above and just below mid-slope.
Where on the slopes are most Grand Cru vineyards in Burgundy located?
Which direction do they face?
Most Grand Crus are found mid-slope with east-to-southeast exposure.
Exposure and soil variation are at their best mid-slope, where grapes are less prone to frost, see longer sunlight hours, have better drainage and protection from westerly winds.
Is the following wine from a single 1er Cru or is it a blend of 1er Cru vineyards?
It is a blend of 1er Cru vineyards.
This wine is sourced from two or more 1er Cru vineyards within the same village, in this case Gevrey-Chambertin.
However, when a vineyard name is on the label it must be solely produced from that precise vineyard, e.g. Gevrey-Chambertin 1er Cru Les Cazetiers.
What are the main regions (areas of production) in Burgundy?
From north to south:
- Côte d'Or: Côte de Nuits/Côte de Beaune
- Côte Chalonnaise
- Beaujolais (technically part of Burgundy)
What is the only grape variety allowed in Chablis AOP?
What is the main weather hazard in Chablis?
The main weather hazard in Chablis is frost.
Cold temperatures (under 0°C/32ºF) can freeze the fresh buds and burn the green raw material.
How do Chablis producers combat spring frost?
Sprinklers: water is sprayed over the vineyard to create a coating of ice around the fresh buds. This layer of ice prevents bud damage due to the latent heat of the ice; (see photo)
Heaters and smudge pots: small fires contained in clay or metal pots placed amongst the vines to prevent cold air from being trapped and freezing vine material.
Less important vineyards in Chablis are classified as ___.
These vineyards are in less favorable areas.
How is village level Chablis different from Chablis 1er Cru and Chablis Grand Cru in respect to exposure and location?
Village level Chablis vineyards usually face north and are located on flatter land;
Chablis 1er + Grand Cru vineyards usually face south and are located on hillsides.
Which Chablis classification is most likely going to see oak?
Chablis Grand Cru
Sometimes 1er Cru Chablis will see old oak, too, but village level Chablis will rarely see any oak at all.
What is the river that runs through the heart of Chablis?
The Serein River
What is the northernmost appellation in Burgundy?
What are the 4 levels of classification in Burgundy?
The 4 levels of classification in Burgundy are:
- Premier Cru
- Grand Cru
Explain the main difference between Village and 1er Cru within the Burgundian classification.
Village: quality wines, most often produced from a blend of plots within a single village.
1er Cru: higher quality wines produced from a specific climat/site/vineyard.
1er Crus are delineated because they have a particular soil, microclimate, slope inclination, and/or aspect.
1er Cru vineyards can be released as a single climat or they can be blended with other 1er Cru climats from the same village. In the case of the latter, the wine takes no vineyard name; just the village + 1er Cru.
What is a monopole?
A monopole is a vineyard plot entirely owned by a single grower.
The Massif Central runs along which side of the Côte d'Or: the east side or west side?
What does this provide the Côte d'Or?
This allows the Côte d'Or to have east and southeast-facing hillside vineyards.
Generally speaking, Pinot Noirs from the Côte de Nuits tend to be ___ while Pinot Noirs from the Côte de Beaune tend to be ___.
CdNuits: full bodied, long lived
CdBeaune: fruitier than CdNuits, not as long lived
1. All red Grand Crus in Burgundy, except one, are made in the Côte de ___.
2. All white Grand Crus in Burgundy, except one, are made in the Côte de ___.
1. Côte de Nuits
2 Côte de Beaune
Is the Côte de Nuits the northern or southern part of the Côte d'Or?
Northern part of the Côte d’Or