Flashcards in Haz Mat/ERP Deck (100)
Chemical Attack in Subway
Provides estimate of number of victims to Incident Commander.
First Arriving Engine
Perform Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) on decontaminated patients
Black tag Deceased
Red tag Immediate
Yellow tag Delayed
Green tag Minor
Provides the IC with an estimate of the number of removals necessary and their location.
Nerve Agents - FRUITY ODOR
"FRUIT hits a NERVE for SARA and TABATHA preventing SOMANY VICTORIES"
Blister Agents - Garlic Odor
"Jerry Lewis got Blisters from Eating too much Garlic Mustard"
Blood Agents - Burnt Almond Odor
Choking Agents - Chlorine or Grass Odor
"Mr. Green GENES CHOKED as he cleaned his POOL with AMMONIA"
FDNY's Protective Action Guidelines (PAG's)
50 Rem. Lifesaving for Catastrophic Event
25 Rem. Lifesaving or Protection of Large Populations
10 Rem. Protection of Major Property
5 Rem. General Operations at a Radiological Emergency
Label Max Reading on Max Reading One
Surface of Package. Meter from Package
White I .5mR/hr. N/A
Yellow II 50mR/hr. 1mR/hr.
Yellow III 200mR/hr. 10mR/hr.
The Transport Index (TI) of a package should not exceed 10mR/hr.
The Total TI of a Vehicle's shipment may not exceed 50mR/hr.
Haz-Mat Technician Units (HMTU)
Assist in air monitoring to identify safe zones including adjusting the perimeter of the Exclusion Zone and the location of the SRA based on meter readings.
Assist in rescue of ambulatory and non-ambulatory victims.
Noxious Stimulus Triage (NST)*.
A. If the victim responds to voice or touch, the victim is likely to survive and should be removed from the area immediately.
B. If the victim only responds to painful stimulus, survival may be possible, but requires immediate advanced medical treatment. The availability of such advanced treatment will influence victim survival. In a mass casualty setting, the large number of victims may require that rescue efforts focus on saving those victims with a better chance of survival.
C. If the victim does not respond to painful stimulus, the CPC equipped members should leave the victim in place and proceed to the next victim. This victim will most likely not survive even if he/she receives the most advanced treatment available.
D. Deceased victims should be left in place until the criminal investigation is completed, unless movement of such victims is necessary to rescue additional victims or to mitigate further hazards.
*Note: Any CPC Level trained member or above may perform Noxious Stimulus Triage.
Low Explosives -
Controlled release of gas that creates a propellant, causing a pushing effect, designed to burn, easier to ignite; initiated by flame or impact, detonate at speeds less than 3000 ft/sec. (e.g., black powder, smokeless powder, rocket fuel).
High Explosives -
Initiated by shock from a detonator or blasting cap (not spark or flame), creates shattering effect in an instantaneous release of energy for maximum dispersion and damage, detonates at speeds greater than 3000 ft/sec (average bullet from a rifle travels at approximately 2700 ft/sec), the weapon of choice for suicide terrorists.
Chemical Reaction Bombs
A chemical reaction bomb is a mixture of at least two chemicals that naturally react with each other. The chemicals are mixed in some type of container, usually a plastic soda bottle.
Chemical reaction bombs become more dangerous when hardware is added or when mixed in a glass container.
Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) - Improvised Explosive Devices consist of components that include
a power supply
and a switch.
IEDs may be delivered and detonated using any of the following methods:
Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device (VBIED)
Letter. may be explosive or incendiary.
Satchel or Backpack
Suicide Bombers The profile of the contemporary suicide bomber is that there is no profile.
Some suspicious characteristics of a letter/package are:
Oversized, padded packages.
No return address.
Oddly shaped or lopsided.
Mailed from foreign country.
When members suspect or discover any type of clandestine lab, they shall immediately stop, DO NOT TOUCH ANYTHING, retrace their steps and back out of the area.
Upon the discovery of any type of lab the following notifications shall be made:
Battalion and Deputy Chief
Request Haz Mat to respond
DISCOVERY OF FIREARMS, AMMUNITION AND/OR INCENDIARY DEVICES
Notifications shall be made to
OPERATIONS AT INCIDENTS INVOLVING A SUSPECTED/CONFIRMED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE
Fire Department personnel are to be under the complete control and jurisdiction of the FDNY IC at all times.
Cooperation with police personnel shall be considered as, but not necessarily limited, to the following:
x Evacuation of persons from danger areas.
x Stretching of necessary precautionary lines, and assuming standby positions.
x Use of ladders and forcible entry to non-involved occupancies.
Suspected Explosive Device: PD not on scene
Apparatus should be located to avoid heavy window glass fallout.
HT and cell phones shall not be used within _________ of a suspected device, and Apparatus, Post and Marine radios should not be operated within ___________ of a suspected device.
These distances are only guidelines and should not normally hamper FDNY operations since the isolation zone surrounding a device would generally exceed 300 feet.
Members shall refrain from entering a structure or building to search for explosive devices.
FDNY members shall not operate at an active shooter incident unless an extreme threat to life safety exists and our assistance is specifically requested by law enforcement.
Prior to operating, the following conditions must be addressed:
Staff Chief approval must be given prior to commencing such an operation.
The location and number of shooters is known.
The path to and from and the area where the FDNY members will operate has been secured and is protected by law enforcement personnel.
Personnel and duration of operation shall be kept to a minimum.
Operating personnel shall participate in a briefing where the plan will be vetted and expected actions specifically stated.
FDNY and NYPD operating personnel shall all be on the same designated HT frequency (ex. TAC “U”).
The FDNY Operations Section Chief shall remain within arms distance of the NYPD Operations Section Chief for the duration of the incident while maintaining radio contact with operating FDNY members.
The IC shall request and ensure law enforcement provide armed force protection for FDNY personnel operating at, or assigned to such an incident. This request shall include the Incident Command Post, and if established, the Operations Post and Staging Area.
Unit must carry the Rad50 when:
Out of quarters
Responding to Complaints
During the assessment of emergencies and fires
A Radiological Incident encompasses a situation where radiological meter readings are above background from a legitimate source and the source has NOT been released from its container.
Radiological Incidents may involve above-background readings from:
x Occupancies and locations such as
o Medical facilities – radiation therapy (cancer treatment),
radiopharmaceuticals, medical waste, blood irradiators
o Research facilities
o Industry/Construction sites – radiography, oil well logging, food
irradiators, moisture density gauges, smoke detectors
o Containers used to ship or store radioactive materials may emit anallowable amount of radiation referred to as a Transport Index
(See Appendix 2)
x People who received medical radiological treatment
o The Rad50 may alarm if the metering device is near someone who has undergone a medical treatment involving radiation, such as a thallium stress test
Managing a Radiological Incident
A. Confirm initial readings with a second meter
B. Determine the location of the radioactive source
C. Verify that the situation involves a legitimate source, which has not been released from its container
A Radiological Emergency involves a source that is out of its container, either accidentally or intentionally.
Accidental Radiological Emergency
Intentional Radiological Emergency
RID – Radiological Incendiary Device
IND – Improvised Nuclear Device
Because radiation fallout from an IND does not occur for approximately ____________ after the detonation, units responding to an IND should not enter the area of the detonation for at least _________ post-detonation, when presence of radiation can then be detected and monitored.
Evacuate civilians from buildings in the surrounding area if:
The projected dose inside the buildings will reach __ Rem for the general population or __ Rem for special groups such as non-ambulatory hospital patients, prison residents, nursing home residents
The projected dose inside the buildings will reach 5 Rem for the general population or 10 Rem for special groups such as non-ambulatory hospital patients, prison residents, nursing home residents
If manpower and equipment are sufficient, members receiving absorbed doses should be rotated at dose levels of 5 Rem or when 1 SCBA tank is expended.
In the event this is not possible, the Operations Chief should use the protective action guidelines (10 Rem for Protection of Major Property; 25/50 Rem for Lifesaving).