Collapse Flashcards Preview

Captains Test > Collapse > Flashcards

Flashcards in Collapse Deck (25)
Loading flashcards...

___________________ should be used to seal off the ends of the street.

Two of the second alarm engine companies


If possible, ___________________________________ engines should take separate hydrants outside the block, each on separate mains, and prepare to supply handlines and a large caliber tower ladder stream.

If possible, both first and second arriving engines should take separate hydrants outside the block, each on separate mains, and prepare to supply handlines and a large caliber tower ladder stream. The third and fourth engines should take similar positions at the rear of the structure.


First Arriving Tower Ladder

Additional Tower Ladders

Front of Collapse Building

Exposures, unless building is unusually large


Engine Company Responsibilities

In order of highest to least priority, first alarm engine companies are to:

Extinguish active fire in the affected building and surrounding debris.

Protect exposures.

Extinguish burning vehicles within the vicinity of the collapse.

At scenes where there is no active fire, stretch and charge precautionary 2½” lines in sufficient number and length to cover the entire operation. In addition, a 3½” line shall be stretched and charged to supply the first arriving tower ladder.

At a suspected terrorist event, 2½” hoselines should be located between two apparatus, or other substantial shielding, to protect personnel from secondary blasts set to injure emergency responders.


First Arriving Engine Company: Water Supply

x Supervise water supply activities / apparatus placement

Note: At times it may be necessary for the first arriving Engine to take a position within the block for use of the apparatus master stream for fire control or exposure protection. The Officer must ensure a continuous source of water supply for such purposes.

x Coordinate operations with first arriving ladder company officer.
x Stretch a 2½” handline of sufficient length to cover the entire site.
x Consider stretching 3½” line to supply a tower ladder.

First Arriving Engine Company Members

x Position and operate handlines as ordered.
x Members will remain together as a unit unless otherwise ordered by the IC.


Second Arriving Engine

Ensure a 3½” supply line is stretched to the first tower ladder.

Assist the first engine company with stretching initial handlines and tower ladder supply.

Members of the second engine company will remain together as a unit unless otherwise ordered by the IC.

If necessary, members of the second arriving engine company may perform CFR-D duties.


Third and Subsequent Arriving Engines

Under the direction of the IC, the third and any subsequent arriving engines will be utilized to perform the following:

x Fire Control.
x Stretching additional lines.
x Augmenting the water supply to first alarm units.
x Perform CFR-D duties.
x Assisting in the removal of lightly buried victims.


First Arriving Ladder Company


Note: Officers have the option of splitting the Company into separate teams to cover more area.

Perform Scene Survey
Perform Hazard Assessment and Control
o Protect members from secondary collapse; mark with hazard tape, tie backor crib.
o Keep nonessential members from entering the collapse zone.
Remove Surface Victims
o Remove lightly buried victims and deliver to a Casualty Collection Point (CCP).
o If possible, question survivors regarding the number, identity and location of other occupants prior to and after the collapse.
Perform Preliminary Void Search
As soon as conditions permit, begin searching areas where voids exist for possible survivors.
o Visually search accessible voids - DO NOT cut, lift or remove load bearing members. Call and listen.
o As survivors are located and removed, members should note their description and location for use in victim tracking.
Victims should be directed/brought to a CCP.


Second Arriving Ladder Company

The second ladder company to arrive shall immediately begin the process of controlling the gas, electric and water services.


Third and Subsequent Arriving Ladder Companies

x Search additional line-of-sight void spaces or exposures.

x Assist with control of the utilities if needed.

x Perform debris removal as directed.

x Cut timbers for shoring as directed.

x Assist with victim removal.


Street Coordination Manager

A company officer will be assigned as the Street Coordination Manager, with the following responsibilities:

o The early assignment of a street management coordinator will prevent needless congestion and repositioning of apparatus as an incident escalates.
o Establish contact with PD and EMS Officers for traffic flow.
o Ensure access/egress of essential vehicles.
o Position apparatus for most efficient use.
o Coordinate apparatus staging areas.
o Coordinate CCP with an EMS Officer.


The danger zone shall not be entered by anyone, including firefighters except to __________.

save a life


The following is the standard emergency signaling system used by all FEMA USAR Task Forces, and adopted by this Department. It may be sounded on a handheld aerosol can air horn, or on apparatus air horns.

Each Safety Officer and member monitoring a transit, as well as members positioned as lookouts for hazard monitoring, will be issued an air horn.

1 Long Blast (3 seconds) Cease Operations/All Quiet

3 short blasts (1 second each) Evacuate the area

1 long and 1 short blast Resume Operations


The five stages of a collapse rescue operation are:

1. Reconnaissance

2. Accounting for and removal of the surface victims

3. Search of the voids

4. Selected debris removal and tunneling

5. General debris removal


Searching void spaces should be done immediately after the surface victims have been removed, or simultaneously if sufficient personnel are available.

Trapped victims should be provided a spare SCBA or the FAST-PAK.

Attach a search rope to the person to lead other rescuers directly to him.



New markings should be made and old markings crossed out.

There is no square box drawn around the markings described below.

Consists of a 2'x2' marking that when completed, will form the letter "X" with designated markings in each quadrant.

Two cans of lime-yellow colored reflective spray paint are to be carried on all apparatus.

The "X" is constructed in two operations. One slash is drawn upon entry into the structure, or a room or hallway inside the structure. The markings are made at the point the unit/team makes entry. Make only one slash; so others realize you are still inside if they need to look for you.

A second slash is drawn when the unit exits that area.



A single slash and unit identity are marked upon entry to a structure or area. This indicates search operations are in progress within this area.

The second, crossing slash shall be drawn when all personnel exit from that structure or area.

Left Quadrant: FDNY Company or Team designation given at the Command Post.

Top Quadrant: The time and date that the company/team
personnel left the structure/area. "UP TIME"

Right Quadrant: Personal hazards to units/teams.(e.g., utilities, open shafts, dangerous areas, rats) "RATs on the Right

Bottom Quadrant: Number of live and/or expired victims still inside the structure/area. "0" = No Victims "We are Down when we find Dead"



A large "V", (for Victim) approximately 2' in height is painted near the location of a known or potential victim. An arrow may need to be added next to the "V" pointing towards the victim's location if not clearly visible or if not immediately nearby.

A circle is painted around the "V" when the location of a potential victim has been confirmed. "Double "C"for confirmed"

Paint a horizontal line through the middle of the "V" when the victim is confirmed deceased.

A vertical line is painted through the confirmed victim mark after the victim/s have been removed from the specific location identified by the marking. This marking should not be taken to mean the secondary search is complete, rather it means that all victims that have previously been located have been removed. Given that these markings will be used on piles of debris in a heavily collapsed structure, a secondary search of that area will not be complete until all debris in the area is removed and examined. Continuous examination of the debris will be required as further demolition progresses.

"Cross means they've been taken home"


Con Ed Vac Truck

It does have limitations as to the size of the material it can remove. This is primarily due to the size of the hose used at the operation.

Con Edison employees shall operate the vacuum truck if the work area is safe. An FDNY HT equipped member shall be positioned with the Con Edison employee at all times.

SOC members have also been trained to operate this equipment if the work area is determined to be hazardous for Con Edison Employees.

FDNY members will operate the suction hose at the extrication site.


Which one of the following units did not position properly at the scene of a collapsed private dwelling?

A: The 1st arriving engine positioned within the block since the apparatus master stream was needed for fire control.

B: The 2nd arriving Tower Ladder protected Exposure 3.

C: The 1st arriving SOC Support Ladder placed their aerial ladder in a secondary staging area. They positioned their Soc Support Unit as close as possible to the front of the building, but outside the collapse danger zone.

D: The 1st arriving Tower Ladder positioned in front of the fire building, outside of the collapse danger zone.

C: The 1st arriving SOC Support Ladder placed their aerial ladder in a secondary staging area. They positioned their Soc Support Unit as close as possible to the front of the building, but outside the collapse danger zone.

A. If possible the 1st and 2nd arriving engines should take separate hydrants outside the block, on separate mains. (5.3.1) At times it may be necessary for the 1st engine to take a position within the block. Collapse (7.2.1 Note)
B. Additional Tower Ladders, after the 1st arriving, should be positioned to reach and protect a different exposure. Collapse (5.4.1)
C. Soc Support Ladders shall position the same as other ladder apparatus, with their second piece located near the main apparatus. Personnel can carry equipment. Collapse (5.4.4)
D. Collapse (5.4.1)


The dangers of collapse with rowframe buildings are extensive. Which of the choices below is least correct as far as collapse potential is concerned?

A: Rear walls can pull away from the building and collapse in one section into the yard.

B: Collapse of sidewalls is a danger when buildings within a row have been removed unless, of course, walls are braced.

C: The weight of a fire escape can cause a complete collapse of an exterior wall.

D: Brick veneer and stucco facing can collapse in sections or as a complete unit.

B: Collapse of sidewalls is a danger when buildings within a row have been removed unless, of course, walls are braced.


B. Collapse of walls is a danger where buildings within the row have been demolished and removed. Even when walls bordering this gap are braced, the danger is still present. Rowframes 5.4 C


While operating at the scene of a collapsed 6 story H-Type, you suddenly hear 3 short blasts, 1 second each, from a parked apparatus air horn. You would be correct to take which action next?

A: Cease operation and remain quiet

B: Evacuate the area

C: Resume normal operations

D: Take no action, emergency signals will only be transmitted on handheld aerosol air horns; apparatus air horns are not to be used

B: Evacuate the area

A. This would be 1 long blast (3 seconds)
C. This would be 1 long and 1 short blast
D. It may be sounded on a handheld aerosol can or on apparatus air horns

Collapse (9.2.2)


In building collapses, void spaces are often created that could shelter victims. There are four common types of voids: lean-to, V-shaped, pancake, and individual voids. In which type is it often simpler to locate victims?

A: Lean-to

B: V-Shaped

C: Pancake

D: Individual

C: Pancake

C. The floors at this type of collapse usually maintain their physical aspect and the victims are not as likely to be thrown as they would if the floor were to incline. Collapse (11.4.3)


Lt. Rogers is working in Ladder 789 for the day tour. The unit is responding to the scene of a confirmed building collapse where a 10-60 has been transmitted. Upon arrival, the IC assigned Lt. Rogers as the debris removal leader. Lt. Rogers would know he will be operating under which ICS branch?

A: Operations

B: Planning

C: Logistics

D: Command

C: Logistics

FFP Collapse
8.8 Logistics Section - The Debris Removal Leader.


Crush Syndrome is fundamentally based on 3 criteria:
1) Compromised local circulation
2) Involvement of muscle mass and
3) Prolonged compression (usually __- __ hours but possibly less than an hour.)

A: 2-4

B: 3-5

C: 4-6

D: 5-7

C: 4-6

Collapse Operations (11.8.1)