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0

UNOCCUPIED SWINGING SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD

Locate window nearest scaffold.

Secure scaffold with utility ropes to prevent movement.

Inspect exterior of the building for damaged or loose building/scaffold material that may fall.

Survey the roof to determine if the scaffold anchoring system has been compromised due to excessive movement.

At no time shall any member go out onto an unoccupied scaffold.

1

SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD EMERGENCIES

Generally, there are three types of suspended scaffold emergencies that units respond to:

Unoccupied swinging scaffold.
Occupied stalled scaffold.
Occupied hanging or off-level scaffold.

All apparatus shall be kept clear of the danger area and parked in a safe location.

Enter the building from an entrance out of danger area, if possible.

2

OCCUPIED STALLED SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD

(if they are stranded on windowless area of building, consider lowering handie-talkie from above).

Ascertain the following:
x Worker’s physical and mental state.
x If they know the cause of the stall and if they can correct the situation.
x If there are any co-workers inside the building who can lend assistance.

If the scaffold is in reach of a tower/aerial ladder, this may be used to effect removal.

3

OCCUPIED STALLED SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD

If hoist is overheated, allow it to cool for at least ____ minutes. Then have a worker push the reset button on the hoist.

15 minutes

4

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

Carbide tip blades will cut through

Aluminum Oxide blades (abrasive disc) will cut through

Silicon Carbide blades (abrasive disc) will cut through

Carbide tip blades will cut through gravel and tar covered roofs, wood flooring,light sheet metal and similar material.

Aluminum Oxide blades (abrasive disc) will cut through various types of steel,including auto bodies, metal security doors, metal window bars, etc.

Silicon Carbide blades (abrasive disc) will cut through concrete and othermasonry materials.

Return aluminum oxide or silicon carbide blades for replacement whenever:

A. Cracked or badly nicked.
B. Center hole wears out of round.
C. Blade is worn down to 8" diameter or less.

5

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

Fuel tank is sufficient for ___________________ of continuous operation.

Fuel tank is sufficient for 20 to 30 minutes of continuous operation. A gasoline oil mixture is used for engine fuel and lubrication. The tank has a special suction wick that permits saw operation regardless of position.

6

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

Belt Adjustment

Weekly at MUD

and after every cutting operation.

If MUD is canceled belt inspection and adjustment must be done when unit returns to quarters.

The saw should be placed out of service if blade continues to spin at a low idle.

For any major repairs return the saw to the Technical Service Division.

7

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

A physical communication system between the Guide Man and the Operator will be as follows:

One slap on the back of Operator ...............Stop Cut.

Two slaps on the back of Operator .............Cut.

Three slaps on the back of Operator ...........Shut Down Saw.

8

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

Circle of Danger

During roof or floor cutting operations, everyone in the vicinity of a saw in operation shall observe, "as near as possible and practical, a 20 foot radius Circle of Danger." This circle shall be measured in all directions FROM THE POINT WHERE THE BLADE OF THE SAW IS IN OPERATION.

Only the Officer, the Operator and the member designated as the guide may enter this circle.

This also applies while testing the saw in or around quarters, or using the saw at drills or training.

Chainsaw: A circle of danger of a radius of at least 10' will be established before the commencement of cutting. The saw operator and control person will be the only personnel in this area during cutting. Officer is to monitor conditions and relay orders received from the officer in command. If possible, the officer is positioned as to permit visual contact with the control person.

9

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

OTHER THAN HORIZONTAL SURFACE

Whenever the saw is used on other than flat horizontal surface at foot level, the blade guard should be moved and secured to protect the Operator. It shall be used in this position only

Accordingly, whenever the saw is used on other than flat horizontal surface at foot level, the blade guard should be moved and secured to protect the Operator. It shall be used in this position only on the direct order and/or under the supervision of an officer.

10

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

When it has been determined that a roof opening is necessary to relieve fire conditions, cut shall be made at hot spot. The hot spot can be determined by:

A. Soft spots or tar bubbles.
B. Melting snow or ice.
C. On a wet roof, steam or dry area.
D. A sense of touch including soil pipes, vent pipes.

11

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

Other methods used to determine location of roof cut are:

A. Knowledge of fire location gathered on travel to roof.
B. Looking over roof edge.
C. Handie-talkie communications.

12

PORTABLE POWER SAWS

Sparks are a good indication that cut is on beam.

A 10' hook brought to the roof of a taxpayer can be used efficiently to push down double ceilings, open returns, etc.

13

PORTABLE POWER SAWS
T. B. TOOLS 9, APPENDIX A DATA SHEET 1

List maintenance that can be performed by units in quarters:



A. Change spark plugs.
B. Change the blade.
C. Refuel the tank
D. Change and adjust belt.
E. Clean the exterior of the saw.
F. Change the air filter.

14

COLOR CODING OF SAW BLADES

Silicone Carbide Blade (concrete cutting) shall be painted ___________.

YELLOW

Both sides of the blade should be painted to facilitate choice of proper blade.

Company Commander shall be responsible for proper color coding of blades. Use of yellow paint issued for safety markings is permissible.

Aluminum Oxide Blades (metal cutting) shall remain UNPAINTED.

15

Thermal Imaging Camera

Evolution 4000

The gauge resolution varies, depending on whether one or two batteries are installed:

When one battery is installed: the gauge is full if the battery is completely charged (approximately 1½ hours of camera run time).

When two batteries are installed: the gauge is full if both batteries are completely charged (approximately 3 hours of camera run time).

An on-screen low battery warning (a battery symbol within a triangle) flashes for 15 minutes of remaining battery life. 10 minutes for Argus

16

Thermal Imaging Camera

Evolution 4000

The Evolution 4000 has a heat-seeker indicator, which will indicate any portion of the screen in red:

When in high-sensitivity mode (low temperature): the portion of the scene which is above 392 degrees Fahrenheit.

When in low-sensitivity (El) mode (high temperature): the portion of the scene which is above 1112 degrees Fahrenheit.

17

The Evolution 4000 is equipped with a quick-temp indicator.

The on-screen operating quick-temp cross hairs (center) and vertical bar gauge (right) span temperatures from 100 to 1100 degrees Fahrenheit for objects located in the cross hairs.

Each tick on the bar gauge indicates 200 degrees Fahrenheit.

18

The Evolution 4000 is equipped with two nickel metal hydride batteries.

This camera utilizes a unique battery management system.

It can run from either one or two batteries.

With one battery, the camera will run for 1½ hours at 72 degrees Fahrenheit while saving the weight expense of a second battery. The battery can be placed in either battery slot.

For applications requiring a longer run time, two batteries can be installed, enabling the camera to run for 3 hours.

The charger unit requires approximately 2 hours to charge each battery.

19

If the Evolution 4000 does not meet the inspection as described in Section 3.1, or it is not operating properly, notify Tech Services for further instructions.

DO NOT SEND THE CAMERA WITH THE DIVISION MESSENGER

20

CORDLESS REBAR CUTTERS

It can also be used to cut wrought iron fences up to ____" in diameter. It is not to be used to cut ______________________ steel rods or locks.

5/8"

case hardened

DO NOT operate this tool in an explosive atmosphere, e.g. flammable liquids, gases or dusts. This tool creates sparks, which may ignite the dust or fumes.

DO NOT replenish hydraulic oil when the tool is warm.

21

LOBSTER ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC CORDLESS REBAR CUTTER

Maximum cutting capacity ..... #5 (5/8”) – 60 grade
Charging time.......................... 20 minutes quick charge
Charging time.......................... 20 minutes quick charge
Battery life .............................. Approx. 500 Charges
A fully charged battery will last for approximately 40 cuts.


This tool will not work well when the temperature is BELOW 32°F. It will be necessary to warm-up the tool prior to use.

The manufacturer recommends changing the hydraulic oil every six months.
Units shall do this on January 1st and July 1st of each year.

22

Definition of Search

A search is an orderly and systematic examination of a building or area for the purpose of locating persons, or locating fire and extension of fire.

23

Size-up starts with

Receipt of the alarm.

24

Prior to reaching the fire floor, knowledge can be gained from conducting a survey of the floor below to determine

the interior hallway layout

apartment numbering system

floor plan of the apartment

and closest means of access to a fire apartment.

Information from this survey shall be communicated between the Officers and the Incident Commander (IC).

25

The 1st arriving ladder company’s priorities are:

Locate the fire area.

Control the door to the apartment or area, and any other ventilation points.

Communicate the fire location to the Engine Officer and the IC.

Determine if conditions are tenable to support life:

o If entry can be made and the search conducted without the protection of the hoseline, members may attempt to locate and contain the fire area of origin, and then start the search for life from this point.
o If untenable, move in behind the engine company advance and search from behind the hoseline.

The search for life in the areas adjacent to or above the fire area/floor, should start immediately upon entering the area, followed by searching for the extension of fire. Any extension should be immediately reported to the IC.

26

Only in extreme cases should an engine company become involved in search and rescue without simultaneously stretching and positioning a hoseline.

If units operate out of the assigned response sequence then the IC must be notified.

27

Primary Search

A primary search is the immediate search for life. This search is rapid but thorough and systematic. The primary search will be influenced by the fire, heat and smoke conditions in a room or area, and may be prior to the application of water. It should be done quickly, with due regard for your personal safety.

28

Secondary Search

The secondary search is a thorough and painstakingly complete search for life of all areas that required a primary search. In addition, the secondary search must also include the entire outside perimeter of the building and all shafts, basements, cellars, elevators, roofs, etc. Its purpose is to ensure that no possible victims are overlooked. Time is not as important as accuracy.

A secondary search shall be completed before any extensive overhauling of the fire area is attempted.

A secondary search must be performed by a different company than the company which performed the primary search.

29

Search

The exterior size-up must be relayed to

Company Officer

IC

or Sector Supervisor (if implemented)

30

Search

Company Officers must notify the IC or Sector Supervisor (if implemented) when

searches are completed.

when search of an area has not been completed.

31

The interior team shall leave ________________________________ outside the doorway to indicate the apartment they are searching.

the hydraulic forcible entry tool

32

Search

The Ladder Company Officer must notify the Engine Officer and the IC of the decision to close the apt. door.

Once the engine company reaches the apartment door with a charged hoseline, the Engine Officer must notify the Ladder Company Officer of their readiness to enter the apartment and that the apartment door will be opened. The door should not be opened until the Ladder Company Officer acknowledges and approves.

33

SEARCHING ABOVE THE FIRE

When deciding whether to go above, consider the following:

What is the location of the fire?

Do they have control of the door to the fire area?

Do they have a charged hoseline on the fire floor?

Is the hoseline advancing into the fire area?

Are there water problems?

Is there a need for protection with a hoseline above the fire floor?

34

RESCUE OF VICTIMS

Remove the most seriously exposed victim first.

Attempt to remove a victim via the safest route available. The preferential order of removal is:

Interior Stairs

Horizontal Exits

Fire Escape

Ladders

Life Saving Rope

35

Testing conducted by the FDNY and National Institute of Technology (NIST) showed an immediate ____ Decrease in temperatures and significant flame reduction when the KO Curtain is deployed, but there will be an _____________________________ produced by the fire.

50%

increase in the smoke condition

36

Upon completion of operations where a KO Curtain has been deployed, the ________________ will secure the KO Curtain until the arrival of the ____________________ or their designee.

IC

Safety Battalion

37

The Ladder Company Officer of the confiscated KO Curtain will prepare a brief letterhead report to ______________________ detailing the use of the device and a description of any damage that may have occurred from the deployment of the device at the incident. The officer shall also include any additional information that may be important to the future use of this device and forward a report via chain of command with copy to the ________________________.

Chief of Operations

Chief of the Fire Academy

Contact the administrative Division for a replacement KO Curtain.

38

Under no circumstance is a company’s KO Curtain to be deployed for drill purposes.

Each _____________ has been issued Training KO Curtains for drill.

If a company’s KO Curtain is damaged in other than fire operations, the Company Commander will complete a letterhead report with all details to the _______________________.

Division

Chief of Operations

39

FIRE WINDOW BLANKET

White vinyl carrying bag

Larger: 10'x12' (will cover 2 windows)
Longer Straps: Can be lowered from 2 floors above

Just before the blanket is put in place, the __________ must make a handi-talkie announcement to all units. All units must be instructed to report any adverse conditions caused by the blanket being put in place.

IC

The R&D unit will conduct an inspection of the Fire Window Blanket to determine serviceability.

When a replacement of a Fire Window Blanket is required the company officer shall contact the Technical Services Division during normal business hours and request a replacement with an available spare.

40

HydraRam

It requires no priming
Will extend to ¾ of an inch per stroke
Maximum opening of 4 inches.
Maximum force is 10,000 pounds
No hoses
weighs 12 pounds
13 inches long

The Hydra Ram does not have the same usage limitations as the Rabbit Tool.

Its main purpose is for forcible entry of outward and inward opening doors.

Other Applications can be to provide an opening from the side of a vehicle hood or trunk for placement of an extinguishing agent.

The Hydra Ram can be used under water.

Designed to operate in any position.

Never strike the Hydra Ram with a tool to gain a purchase.

41

HydraRam

MAINTENANCE

Do not take the Ram apart or make any adjustments. The Ram requires no replenishment of fluids.

Testing for leaks - After fully extending the working piston, the operating arm should not be able to move except for when the relief valve is depressed.

Cleaning and lubricating - The entire tool can be cleaned with soap and water, including the pistons. It is important that all dirt be removed from the pistons prior to lubricating. Both the piston under the operating arm and the working end piston should be lubricated with "3 In 1" oil (purchased through the Firehouse Expense Fund). The working piston should be extended and retracted several times, lubricating each time.

42

POSITIVE PRESSURE FANS

24,000 cubic feet per minute (CFM)

2 to 3 hours at full throttle

Fans shall be inspected daily at the start of the 9x6 tour.

At MUD, fans shall be started and allowed to run at full RPM for 5 minutes.

Fuel always kept full

The PPF should never be transported while in operation.

When running fans at an incident, exhaust hoses must always be attached to the operating fan in order to limit and control the introduction of CO inside the structure.

Whenever the PPFs need to be lifted (e.g., on and off apparatus, upstairs), two members shall be used.

Fans shall never be refueled inside a structure.

43

CONFINED SPACE

The Code of Federal Regulations 29-CFR 1910.146 defines a confined space as any area that is:

Not designed for continuous human occupancy ; and

Large enough and so configured that a person can enter and perform work; and

Has limited means for entry and escape.

44

CONFINED SPACE

If a confined space poses a danger to anyone that enters it, it is designated a __________________________________________________.

A Permit Space is any confined space that has one or more of the following potential problems:

Permit Required Confined Space (permit space)

Contains or has the potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere.

Contains material that could potentially engulf a person.

Is shaped in a way that a person could be caught or asphyxiated by inwardly tapering walls, or floors that slope downward, tapering into a smaller crosssection.

Contains any recognized serious health or safety hazard.

A non - permit space can be just as deadly as a permit space, it just doesn’t have a sign to warn you of the dangers!

45

CONFINED SPACE

POTENTIAL HAZARDS

The hazards to persons inside confined spaces, in addition to engulfment and tapering shapes, can be divided into two main categories; atmospheric hazards and physical hazards.

Atmospheric hazards are the most deadly, accounting for almost 65% of all confined space deaths.

Atmospheric hazards can be of three types:

A
T
E

A = Asphyxiant
T = Toxic
E = Explosive

46

CONFINED SPACE

ENTRANT REQUIREMENTS

The hazards within the space, including signs of danger and symptoms of exposure to materials in the space.

How to escape the space in an emergency. M/A

How to communicate with the attendant outside. Radio/Hand Signals

How to use the equipment needed to perform the rescue, especially the rescuers personal protective equipment and patient handling equipment.

First Aid procedures and C.P.R. CFR-D

47

CONFINED SPACE

As a general rule, each member operating with a 30 minute cylinder must be withdrawn to fresh air in ___ minutes in order to ensure their safety.

It is critical that the rescuers remain in direct line of sight with the outside and their exit!

15 minutes

48

CONFINED SPACE

A very stable, easily created high point anchor that may be available at the scene, is a towerladder, or if there is no better alternative, an aerial ladder.

The tower ladder is preferred due to its greater weight supporting capacity, at least _________., compared to only _______. for an aerial. The most important point to be remembered is that the AERIAL OR TOWER SHALL NEVER BE USED AS A CRANE TO LIFT A PERSON. The tower or aerial is only to be utilized as a high point anchor over the opening, as a place to secure the pulley.

Once the boom or ladder is in position, ALL PERSONNEL MUST BE REMOVED FROM THE TURNTABLE AND THE ENGINE SHUT OFF TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL MOVEMENT of the device.

TL = 800 lbs

Aerial = 250 lbs

49

CONFINED SPACE

W

50

T.B. FIRES 2 PROTECTION AGAINST DOGS

If a dog attacks a member, other members in the immediate vicinity should render assistance.

If anyone is bitten, every attempt should be made to isolate the dog for examination and the following notifications shall be made:

"MOE PBA"

MO = Medical Officer
E = EMS

P = PD
B = Board of Health
A = The Center for Animal Care and Control, if the dog is a stray

51

Arson

Priority order for packaging evidence:

New Can

Clean Glass Jar w/tight lid

New, Heavy gauge plastic bags in pairs

*Never use can that was already used.

**Rubber seal on jar lid may react - still use it

***Plastic bags in emergency, in one bag- tie it, then into second bag- tie it. ASAP, remove from bag to can/jar.

52

T.B. ARSON 1 ARSON DETECTION

A fire is suspicious if:

> There are indications that the fire may have been set and all accidental causes have not been eliminated. (When all accidental causes have been eliminated,the fire is incendiary.)
> A threat preceded the fire.
> It is one in a series of similar fires.
> Premises normally locked are found unlocked.
> Stock or belongings were removed prior to the fire. Briefly, any act or circumstance which cannot be explained and which tends to indicate that the fire may have been intentionally set.

53

T.B. ARSON 1 ARSON DETECTION

Absence of CO in the blood could indicate death prior to the fire.

i CO may cause victim to appear life-like (pink to cherry red color of lips, eyelids, or skin). This would indicate the victim was alive at the time of the fire.

i The victim may show soot in or around the nose and mouth (indicates breathing continued during the fire).

Lividity is caused by the settling of blood to the lowest horizontal areas of the body; may show as pink or red skin. (Do not confuse with CO cherry red color.)

Lividity usually starts one to two hours after death and is completed after three to four hours and could indicate that the victim was moved after death and placed at the fire scene.

54

T.B. ARSON 1 ARSON DETECTION

One firefighter, fulfilling a watchline function with a hand extinguisher, is sufficient to establish the Fire Department control of the premises.

To safeguard the firefighter, and provide additional security, a request for assistance should be made to the Police Department. Do not leave only the patrolman in charge.

No one should be allowed into the occupancy until the Fire Marshal arrives. When he does arrive, the firefighter can return to his unit.

Request Photo Unit to respond to take pictures of the evidence if a marshal is not responding.

Evidence cannot be left in the office unless it is locked up or someone else signs and stays with it.

55

T.B. ARSON 1 ARSON DETECTION

If all accidental causes have not been eliminated, then the fire is suspicious and the Fire Marshal should be called.

If all accidental causes eliminated, then it's considered incendiary

56

T.B. ARSON 1 ARSON DETECTION

Heavy smoke stains, remote from the point of origin, usually indicate a

Light smoke stains usually indicate a ____________ of the fire, _____ fire damage and are found _____________________________.

slow firebuild up. "Big Slow Lineman"


rapid build up. "Quick, Fast Little Guys"
little
close to the point of origin

57

T.B. ARSON 1 ARSON DETECTION

Crazing of glass (cracking due to heat)

> Small crazing means ________________ heat build up and will be found _________ to the point of origin.

> Large crazing indicates ___________ from the point of origin and/or a relatively _________ heat build up.

> Checkering of glass (half moon effects or marks) usually results from ________ being applied to heated glass. This indicates the window was still in place when the firefighters operated at the fire.

Small crazing means intense and rapid heat build up and will be found closer to the point of origin.

Large crazing indicates remoteness from the point of origin and/or a relatively slow heat build up.

Checkering of glass (half moon effects or marks) usually results from water being applied to heated glass This indicates the window was still in place when the firefighters operated at the fire.

58

TRAINING BULLETINS FIRES 8
Operations at Motor Vehicle Incidents and Emergencies

Where placement of apparatus will expose it to the possibility of fire extension, pumper may be placed beyond the fire vehicle, but second apparatus, and third if necessary, shall always be placed between oncoming traffic and the operating forces.

Blocking apparatus shall be placed at least fifty (50) feet behind the first operating unit to create a safe working area.

59

T. B. TOOLS 20 MAXI-FORCE AIR BAGS

The bag's rated tonnage is based on its capacity to lift that tonnage one (1)inch.

For example: 12 ton bag will lift 12 tons 1"; 74 ton bag will lift 74 tons 1".

Units should paint the lift capacity and lift height on the bags in addition to the label.

60

T. B. TOOLS 20 MAXI-FORCE AIR BAGS

Set the low pressure gauge to ____ psi

When the high pressure gauge falls below ____ psi, change the air cylinder.

Note: Always have the bag connected prior to placing it under or between a load to minimize the operator's exposure to the load area and to eliminate the possibility of the operator placing the bag with the air inlet under the load.

135 psi

200 psi

61

T. B. TOOLS 20 MAXI-FORCE AIR BAGS

Maximum internal air pressure for the bag when used for lifting purposes is ____ psi. The safety relief valve will prevent over-inflation. Air pressure in excess of the ____ psi limit will be expelled from the opening at the base of the control valve safety relief.

118 psi

118 psi

62

T. B. TOOLS 20 MAXI-FORCE AIR BAGS

The bags should only be inflated half to three quarters of their rated height capacity. The"pillowing effect" should be avoided.

Never work under a load unless it is blocked or shored.

Avoid inflating bags against sharp objects or on a surface heated to over 220 F.
- If Necessary, insert a flexible insulated pad (heavy canvas, leather, rubber) or 3/4" plywood between the hot or sharp surface and the bag, in order to protect the bag.

Never stack more than two bags on top of each other and always place the smaller bag on top of the larger one.

Inflate the bottom bag first.

The tonnage of the smaller bag is the maximum that can be lifted.

The lifting capability is reduced by 50% to obtain maximum lifting height. Example: a 30 ton bag with a maximum lifting height of 10 inches will lift 30 tons 1 inch, but will lift 15 tons to a height of 10 inches.

It is recommended that the bags be stored in a horizontal position to reduce stress.

Wash with soap and water

63

TOOLS 30 GLOW STICKS

Glow sticks will provide up to 12 hours of illumination.

Glow sticks are waterproof, do not use batteries, generate no heat or noise, and are disposable. They can tolerate high pressures, such as those found underwater.

They are safe for use in explosive environments.

Glow sticks have been issued to all units. Each unit shall carry at least 10 glow sticks on their apparatus.

When required, units shall requisition glow sticks in packs of 5 from Tech Services by submitting form 23-BS-2.

64

Rope 1 Life Saving Rope

length of 150’

weight of 14½ pounds

working load of 600 pounds

Members should be aware that the actual length of the life saving rope may be less than the nominal length of 150 feet due to natural shrinkage after several years in the field.

Over a period of time some ropes have shrunk 8 to 10 feet.

65

Rope 1 Life Saving Rope

Immediately after a life saving rope has been subjected to the weight of one person, the rope shall be carefully examined for any signs of damage or abrasion before being placed back in service.

Proper journal entries shall be made by the company officer of the results of such examination.

An entry shall also be made in red on the Life Saving Rope Record Card (RP-100).

The officer, after supervising the examination of the rope, shall notify the Safety Command by telephone of the incident.

66

Rope 1 Life Saving Rope

LSR Out of Service

Deputy Tony Hit A Home Run Far Away

Deputy Tony Hit A Home Run Far Away
O W O C E. U. R. B
U O C. I. A. S. O. R
B K. D T. T. Z. A
T. L. E. S
E. N. I
O
N

67

Rope1 Life Saving Rope

Strand hockles develop when force is used to remove a kink in rope. A hockle is very difficult to remove. A hockle reduces the strength of a rope by ______________.

The life saving rope can lose from ____________ of its strength when wet.

40% to 50%


10% to 15%

68

Rope 1 Life Saving Rope

Replacement

Whenever the Life Saving Rope is placed out of service, the officer on duty shall notify the administrative division by telephone and fax and have it immediately replaced.

An RT-2 shall be prepared by the officer on duty and shall include the unit number, date,and reason. A copy of the RT-2 shall be retained for unit records.

The officer placing the life saving rope out of service shall make entries in the Company Journal and the Office Record Journal and on the RP-100.

When a new life saving rope is issued, the officer shall make an entry in the company journal, the office record journal and on a new RP-100 dedicated to the new rope.

The RP-100 for the rope placed out of service shall be filed in the UFS, Section 5.3.4.

The officer must complete an Out of Service Life Safety Equipment Report (SCF-2) and forward it through the Chain of Command to the Chief of Safety.

A copy of the RT-2 and SCF-2 report will be faxed to R&D and then attached to out of service rope.

69

T. B. ROPE 1 DATA SHEET 2
LIFE SAVING ROPE ANTI-CHAFING DEVICE

5" wide x 24" long

Immediate replacement for the anti-chafing device is imperative since the life saving rope cannot be used without it.

Whenever the anti-chafing device is placed out of service, the officer on duty shall notify their administrative division by telephone and fax and have it immediately replaced.

The officer placing the anti-chafing device out of service shall make an entry in the company journal.

When a new anti-chafing device is received, the officer shall make an entry in the company journal.

70

T.B ROPE 1DATA SHEET 3 LIFE SAVING TRAINING ROPE

9/16"

100'

The Life Saving Training Rope shall never be used without the landing mat positioned beneath the line of descent.

The anti-chafing device shall be used at all times.

At the completion of each drill, the Life Saving Training Rope shall be removed from the carrying case and stored in a dark colored plastic bag in a cool, dry area of the company office.

The Life Saving Training Rope shall not be carried on the apparatus except while transported to drill sites, at which time it shall be under the complete control of the officer on duty.

71

T.B ROPE 1DATA SHEET 3 LIFE SAVING TRAINING ROPE

After each single slide, remove the twist in the rope which is between the substantial object and the parapet. Also, remove the twist in the rope at the base of the building.

After each lowering operation, permit all remaining coiled rope to pay out and then recoil the rope counter-clockwise in preparation for the next lowering operation.

One end of the rope shall be identified by tape affixed to the hook.

The maximum number of times this rope may be used is 100 per end, for a total of 200 slides.

A history of every Life Saving Training Rope shall be maintained on the Training Rope Record Card (RP-101).

72

T.B ROPE 1DATA SHEET 3 LIFE SAVING TRAINING ROPE

The Life Saving Training Rope may be used at heights to a maximum of three stories.

The following objects are not to be considered for use as substantial objects.
> Plumbing vent pipes.
> Sheet metal housings for roof vents.
> T.V. masts.
> Newel posts or banisters.


The officer placing the rope out of service shall make an entry in the company journal.

The officer must complete an Out of Service Life Safety Equipment Report (SCF-2) and forward it through the Chain of Command to the Chief of Safety.

Note: No exchange will be permitted without the completed SCF-2.

A Lost Property Report (FS-112) is required for lost equipment.

73

Rope - Personal Harness & Life Belt

Decontaminating

Personal harness/Life Belt may be spot cleaned following the procedures of CFR-D Manual Chapter 3, Section 15.

When a personal harness/Life Belt becomes grossly contaminated, it shall be placed out ofservice.

74

T.B. ROPE 3 - PERSONAL HARNESS

When a member’s Personal Harness has been placed out of service and he/she is on duty, the member will continue to respond. However, that member shall not be counted towards that unit’s staffing as it relates to the provisions of AUC 287, section 8 (reduced staffed/understaffed unit). Upon arrival, the Company Officer shall inform the Incident Commander (IC) of the unit’s status, and the IC shall adjust his/her strategy accordingly. The unit shall follow all of the operational guidelines outlined in AUC 287, section 8. At an incident where members will be operating in an IDLH (Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health) area, the member(s) not equipped with a Personal Harness shall not enter/operate in that area.

When a Battalion Chief or Company Officer is in need of a loaner Personal Harness, the unit where that member is working shall inform the borough dispatcher that the unit is Out of Service until a loaner Personal Harness is obtained from the Division Depot.

75

TB Ropes 3 ADD1 - INSTRUCTIONS FOR DISTRIBUTING DIVISION LOANER PERSONAL HARNESS TO MEMBERS

The loaner harness will remain in the possession of the member until R & D has inspected their issued harness and returns it to the member or determines that a new harness is required and delivers a new harness to the member. Once the member’s original harness is returned or a new harness is issued, the loaner harness shall be returned to the Division for future use.

Defective harnesses shall be returned with the messenger to the Division. R&D will retrieve defective harnesses from the Division.

76

T. B. ROPE 4 PERSONAL SAFETY SYSTEM

Company Commanders must record the serial number of the EXO Descender and the name of the member to whom it is issued in the Office Record Journal.

The serial number of the EXO Descender included with the spare PSS repacking kit shall also be recorded in the Office Record Journal.

The electronic PSS Verification System found on the FDNY Intranet shall be maintained.

77

TB TOOLS 4 PORTABLE LIGHTING AND GENERATORS

If a portable generator is used to power an exhaust fan, the ideal length of the electrical cord should be _____________.

50 feet or less.

Electrical cords of longer lengths reduce the efficiency of the fan and may result in damage to the equipment being used.

Distance is not a problem when powering small tools and lights.

78

TB TOOLS 4 PORTABLE LIGHTING AND GENERATORS

The only maintenance required on the lights is bulb replacement. Bulbs may be procured from Technical Services. All other repairs to lights should be done by Technical Services.

Operate portable generators for _____ minutes weekly. During this time, operate all lights for ___ minutes to test for proper working order of lights and generator under load.

If lamps do not light while testing or using, check bulbs for tight connection.

15 minutes weekly


5 minutes

79

TB TOOLS 4 PORTABLE LIGHTING AND GENERATORS

Waterproof connections are good for use in up to ____________ of water when properly mated. Care must be used when using all other connections near water.

3 feet

80

TRAINING BULLETIN ROPE 6 - SEARCH ROPE

The Search Rope is made of either 5/16th inch diameter white nylon or a 7.5 mm diameter Kernmantle design.

The rope is 200 feet long with a snap hook at each end. Due to shrinkage and the installation of distance and directional knots, nylon search ropes may be short by 25 feet or more.

Each search rope will have a company I.D. tag attached to the rope and another to the bag.

When a unit deploys the search rope they must notify the Incident Commander (IC).

The rope shall be maintained approximately one to two feet above ground.

If it becomes necessary to relieve a unit at a forward point of the search, the relieving company should enter the area to be searched with their right hand in contact with the rope (if possible.) The company being relieved should exit the IDLH with their right hand in contact with the rope (if possible.) In this manner, companies entering and leaving the area will all be on opposite sides of the rope and will not interfere with one another.

Repack monthly.

81

TRAINING BULLETIN ROPE 7 - UTILITY ROPE

9/16" x 50'

condemned life saving rope, cut into three 50-foot lengths

All Ladder Companies and Squads shall carry a minimum of three lengths.
All Engine Companies shall carry a minimum of two lengths.

Ladders - 3. Engines - 2

When a utility rope is placed O.O.S., the Company Commander shall safely dispose of it.

82

TRAINING BULLETIN ROPE 8 - UTILITY CORD

1/4" x 25'

INTENDED USE
Ventilation from upper floors or roof level.
Securing mattresses for removal.
Attached to door of fire apartment, to retain control of door.
Lashing of ladders.
Hoisting light tools.
General duties at fires and emergencies.
Lashing eductor hose.
Training purposes, knots, etc.

REPEAT - "NOT TO BE USED FOR LIFE SAVING PURPOSES"


ACQUISITION

Companies can requisition a spool of 1/4" nylon cord through Technical Services.

83

SCBA

45 minute cylinder = approximately _______ liters

1800 liters

A good way to determine the number of liters in each cylinder is to multiply cylinder size by "40"

Example: 30x40=1200; 45x40=1800; 60x40=2400

TB SCBA 3.2.6, 3.2.7

84

Which choice below contains an incorrect statement regarding the operation of the unit-mounted Purple K Extinguishing Unit?

A: The Purple K truck mounted system will last less than 2 minutes.

B: Discharge range is approximately 30-40 feet.

C: Start attack about 20-30 feet from the fire, wind at your back, and use a side to side sweeping motion.

D: Operations at large, complex or difficult to access sites may require that several extinguishers be used. When using more than one extinguisher, the angle of attack of these extinguishers should be no more than 45 degrees to avoid exposing members.

D. 90 degrees

85

An experienced officer should know that with newer aluminum tanks carried by tank trucks, the problem of BLEVE has been reduced because the shell will melt at approximately?

A: 2000 degrees F

B: 1400 degrees F

C: 1550 degrees F

D: 1220 degrees F

D: 1220 degrees F

86

The Star Valve is an old type gas valve rarely found today. It is unreliable and should not be used. At a recent drill, Lieutenant Smith was correct when he stated that it may be found between?

A: the appliance valve and the gas meter

B: the head of service valve and the exterior gas riser valve

C: the head of service valve and the gas meter

D: the exterior gas riser valve and the curb valve

C: the head of service valve and the gas meter

87

Fluoroprotein foam is effective on reformulated gasoline (RFG), which contains up to ___% Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE).


Fluoroprotein foam is also effective on gasohol containing up to ___% ethanol.

Fluoroprotein foam is effective on reformulated gasoline (RFG), which contains up to 20%Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE).


Fluoroprotein foam is also effective on gasohol containing up to 10% ethanol.

88

Which choice below contains correct information regarding the FAST Pak?

A: The 10 ft. high pressure hose will administer air to a member’s SCBA via the UAC. This will equalize air in both cylinders in approximately 60 seconds.

B: If the UAC on the member’s SCBA is damaged, allow one attempt to connect the UAC airline assembly from the Fast Pak. If the initial attempt fails, immediately use one of the low pressure methods.

C: The member assigned to monitor the air supply of the Fast Pak must protect the 20 ft. low pressure hose from high heat, hot embers, sharp objects and entanglement.

D: If the dust cap on the UAC of the member’s SCBA is missing while using the FAST Pak on a downed member, immediately use one of the low pressure methods.

C: The member assigned to monitor the air supply of the Fast Pak must protect the 20 ft. low pressure hose from high heat, hot embers, sharp objects and entanglement.

Explanation:
A) The 5 ft. high pressure hose will administer air to a member’s SCBA via the UAC. This will equalize air in both cylinders in approximately 60 seconds.
B) If the UAC on the member’s SCBA is damaged, do not attempt to connect the UAC airline assembly from the Fast Pak (use one of the low pressure methods.)

D) If the dust cap on the UAC of the member’s SCBA is missing while using the FAST Pak on a downed member, quickly examine and remove any visible debris before connecting into the UAC. If the UAC is IMPACTED or BLOCKED with debris, use one of the low pressure methods.
TB SCBA Add 1 5.3, 5.4.6, 6.3

89

To begin searching with the Pak-Tracker, the operating member should hold the device horizontally at _____ height out in front. The row of LED’s and the numerical display on the Pak-Tracker indicate the relative strength and approximate direction of the signal from the SCBA. Pointing the Pak-Tracker in the direction of the strongest relative signal and moving in that direction should lead to the activated SCBA. When the signal strength rises above the ___% level, the row of LED’s will begin to light starting with Red at the bottom, Yellow in the middle, and Green at the top.

A: waist; 50%

B: chest; 25%

C: waist; 25%

D: chest; 75%

A: waist; 50%

90

When cleaning the SCBA regulator, depress the manual shut-off, close the purge knob by turning fully clockwise and spray a minimum of 6 full pumps of 70% Isopropyl Alcohol into the regulator opening. Make sure to also wet the immediate area around the opening and swirl to completely cover internal components. Turn the regulator opening face down and shake excess liquid out. Allow for ____ minute(s) of contact time to disinfect prior to rinsing.
A: 1

B: 5

C: 10

D: 15

C: 10

91

Gas lines and gas meters pose various concerns at fire in old law tenements. Gas meters are usually in the cellar but they may also be found in apartments and in public hallways. Which of the following would not be a correct action to take at these incidents?

A: A leak or break in the piping may be stopped or greatly diminished by stuffing rags or paper into the break.

B: Piping containing flammable gas shall not be permitted to pierce or be run in stair enclosures or in a shaft containing public corridors leading to exits. This would require a high priority referral.

C: In extreme emergencies, fire at the gas meter may be extinguished before the gas supply is shut off

D: If gas is leaking without being ignited, the gas supply should be shut off and the area ventilated as much as possible. Members should be moved away from the area of the leaking gas.

C: In extreme emergencies, fire at the gas meter may be extinguished before the gas supply is shut off

Explanation:
MDs
A. Sect 3.5.9 A leak or break in the piping may be stopped or greatly diminished by stuffing rags, paper, etc., into the break.

B. BISP Ch5 Ref 2.1 - Code 65 -Piping containing flammable gas shall not be permitted to pierce or be run in stair enclosures, in a shaft containing a standpipe riser, in the fire pump room or in public corridors leading to exits. This includes vertical as well as horizontal runs of piping.
C. Sect 3.5.9 If fire at the meter is extinguished before the gas supply is shut off, gas will continue to discharge and an explosion or flash fire may occur when the gas comes in contact with a source of ignition.

D. Sect 3.5.9 If gas is leaking without being ignited, the gas supply should be shut off and the area ventilated as much as possible. Members should be moved away from the area of the leaking gas.

92

Members were discussing the location of where the water main typically enters a building. One member was incorrect in which choice?

A: It is usually near the front building wall (often in the middle of the building.)

B: The pipe is the coldest pipe in the building and may also have condensation on the outside.

C: Look for the armored ground cable which may be attached to the main from the electric meter.

D: Listen for the sound of running water or feel for vibration.

Explanation:
A) It is usually near the front building wall (often in a corner).

TB Emerg 3 3.5 C

93

When chains are applied, apparatus MUST NOT EXCEED ___ MPH.
A: 5mph

B: 30mph

C: 15mph

D: 10mph

B: 30mph

94

One type of elevator key is used to open SWING TYPE elevator hoistway doors to gain access to the elevator shaft or an inoperative elevator car. For this key, exert DOWNWARD pressure on the rear of the tool, disengaging hoistway door lock, after inserting the key into the keyhole. Which choice below identifies this key?

A: GAL Vandal Resistant Key

B: The "Z" tool

C: Staley Swing Door Key

D: Otis Swing Door Key

D: Otis Swing Door Key

Explanation:
A) Sliding Doors; turn 1/4
B) Sliding Doors; 90 degrees and then 45 degrees
C) Swing Doors; push up
TB Emerg 1 Add 4

95

Scott CBRN CAP 1 canisters approved under TC-14G and used with CBRN APRs can be used to escape from greater than IDLH concentrations (assuming greater than 19.5% oxygen.) The label of this canister must be what color?

A: Green

B: Olive Green

C: International Orange

D: Red

B: Olive Green

Explanation:
TB SCBA Add 2 9.2

96

The Purple K Unit is a completely self-contained fire fighting unit. The Purple K is contained in a sphere and is expelled by two pressurized nitrogen cylinders. Which choice below contains incorrect information regarding this valuable piece of equipment?

A: Purple K-dry chemical agent is a very successful extinguishing agent for use on all types of aircraft fuels. It should always be used in conjunction with Fluoroprotein foam when used on aircraft fuels.

B: The Purple K truck mounted system will last at least 2 minutes.

C: Purple K-dry chemical agent can be used on LNG, and any Flammable/Combustible fuel, but is especially designed for use on 3-D fires or flange fires.

D: Purple K-dry chemical agent is recommended for use on Class "B" fire including Alcohol and "C" fires. This unit can also be used to extinguish LNG, LPG & pressurized gas fires in conjunction with the use of fog nozzles.

Explanation:
B) The Purple K truck mounted system will last less then 2 minutes.
TB PPK Add 1 1.2, 1.3.9

97

It is generally agreed in public agencies that the highest priorities should go to: 1. Safety of people (Protection of "life and limb") 2. Protection of property 3. People before paper (Take care of people first.) 4. Outsiders before insiders (Service to the public) When it comes to the rule of "people before paper," the people can be prioritized in terms of who should be given first response. Apart from situations involving threats to safety, the next order of consideration AFTER dealing with superiors is?

A: People who are upset, whether outsiders or insiders

B: Outsiders: from another agency or unit

C: Civilians

D: Routine contacts with insiders

A: People who are upset, whether outsiders or insiders

Explanation:
Acronym: SPOR
1. Superiors
2. People who are upset, whether outsiders or insiders
3. Outsiders: from another agency or unit, civilians
4. Routine contacts with insiders
TB Management 2.3