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Flashcards in Ladder Company Procedures Deck (22):
0

Old Law Tenement

1st Arriving Ladder Co Officer

Ensure that entry doors at street level are chocked open

Maintain control of fire apartment door by leaving a member of the forcible entry team as per Training Bulletin, Search 1. Notify the Incident Commander AND Engine Company Officer of the location of the fire apartment and when you enter to search for the location of the fire.

1

DESCRIPTION OLD LAW TENEMENTS

-Three to seven stories.
-20' to 25' wide.
-50' to 85' deep.
-Interior stairs to cellar (may have been removed if building has been renovated).
-Some form of light/air shaft may be provided.
-Limited fire stopping.
-Combustible contents and structural components result in a hot smoky fire.
-The presence of Energy Efficient Windows (EEW) will further increase heat, gases and smoke conditions, possibly leading to a flashover or backdraft.

Light Fire Situation - a fire which can be extinguished with the operation of one handline and/or hand extinguishers or those that can be readily extinguished without resorting to extinguishing agents.

Medium Fire Situation - a fire which may be extinguished with the OPERATION of two handlines.

2

Ladders 3

The Ladder Company Officer inside the fire area shall:

Communicate the location of the fire, fire conditions or difficulty finding the fire to _______________________________

the Engine Officer OR the IC

3

Ladders 3

Ladder chauffeur should remain on turntable when members have entered the building

by aerial ladder and are in precarious positions such as a floor over a heavy fire, the roof of a building with a heavy fire condition, etc.

4

Unless addressing a known life hazard, upon hearing radio transmissions that the interior team has door control on the fire floor, or a charged hoseline is advancing into the fire apartment, the Roof Firefighter shall immediately proceed to the bulkhead and perform vertical ventilation.

If conditions are tenable, the member should reach in and probe the immediate area of the bulkhead for potential victims. Once bulkhead ventilation is completed, the Roof Firefighter shall complete the roof size-up outlined above.

5

The Roof Firefighter may perform vertical ventilation without direct communication upon hearing radio transmissions that the interior team has door control on the fire floor, or _____________________________________________________________

a charged hoseline is advancing into the fire apartment.

6

FIRST LADDER COMPANY TO ARRIVE (TOWER LADDER) - OLD LAW TENEMENT NO FRONT FIRE ESCAPE

If necessary, the officer may request the ________ Firefighter to perform outside ventilation of the fire apartment from the fire escape after completion of preliminary duties.

If necessary, the officer may request the Roof Firefighter to perform outside ventilation of the fire apartment from the fire escape after completion of preliminary roof ventilation (bulkhead, scuttle, skylight).

7

Ladders 3

2nd Due Truck

Before proceeding above, the officer must size up conditions on the fire floor. The following should be considered:

Severity and location of fire.

Line placement and availability of water.

Control of fire apartment door.

Consideration of an area of refuge before going above.

8

Ladders 3

2nd Due Truck

Canman: tool change for top floor fires

(2) 6' Hooks instead of Can

9

Ladders 3

Under no conditions should the cornice be opened for smoke. If still doubtful about the existence of fire in the cornice or cockloft, it can be examined by

opening the ceiling below, or opening the returns if present.

10

Roof Cuts

Ladders 3: Initially approximately a _______ coffin cut is recommended

Taxpayers: ________

Roof Cuts

Ladders 3: Initially approximately a 3`x6` coffin cut is recommended

Taxpayers: 8'x8'

11

Ladders 3

Simultaneous need for aerial ladder for roof firefighter and Occupant removal:

FAT SLIDE

Take the occupant first if they are:

F - Frightened
A - agitated
T - threatening to jump


S - smoke or fire in vicinity
L - location or severity of fire
I - immediate danger
D - doubt
E - endangered or seriously disturbed

12

Ladders 6 Tower Ladders

A properly positioned TL provides wall coverage from grade level or below, up to a maximum basket floor elevation of __' (approximately), at the maximum __ degree angle.

The basket while touching a point 32 feet horizontally from center of turntable can reach a basket floor elevation of ___ feet.

TL scrub area covers the front of a building 60 feet high and 50 feet wide, and will cover a _____________________________________.

TL has a scrub area of approximately 7750 square feet when the center of the turntable is 32 feet from building wall and cab is at a ___ degree angle from the building line.

The basket can also reach points ___ feet below grade.

70' / 75 degree angle

65'

100 foot frontage on the lower three floors of a building.

15 degree angle from the building line

10 feet below grade

13

Ladders 6 Tower Ladders

When the center line of turntable is ___ feet from a building, there will be sufficient room for basket to be dropped below the horizontal with the boom perpendicular to the side of the apparatus.

Ideal horizontal distance from objectives is ___ feet. At ___ feet from center line of turntable to building, allowance is made for sidewalks, outriggers and parked vehicles.

While 75 feet is the nominal height, the actual working height (the bottom of the basket at its highest elevation), is little more than ___ feet when boom is at the maximum angle of ___ degrees.


Grades up to ___% slope may be treated as level ground.

25 feet

32 feet

70' @ 75 degrees

4% slope may be treated as level ground

14

Ladders 6 Tower Ladders

The maximum "slope" for TL operation has been set at ___% grade by the manufacturer for safe performance of apparatus.

15%

A difference of slightly over 5-1/2 feet from front to rear of apparatus approximately 15% slope.

15

Ladders 6 Tower Ladders

When used for ventilation purposes, what must be placed in bucket?

"STIHL"

Saw
Tough SOB to be a Roofman
Irons
Hook 6'
LSR

Axe
Halligan
Power saw
6' hook
Life Saving Rope

16

Which of the following points regarding portable ladders is incorrect?

A: Marine companies carry 12 foot and 20 foot portable hook ladders with wood beams.

B: The unit designation shall be marked within 12 inches of each butt end.

C: The roof firefighter placed a portable ladder at the proper working angle with the tip five feet above the roof at a one story taxpayer fire.

D: When performing the leg lock, the locking leg is placed over and under the rung that is two rungs above the one on which the member is standing.

B: The unit designation shall be marked within 12 inches of each butt end.

Explanation:

A. FFP Portable Ladders 2.2
B. The unit designation shall be marked within 18 inches of each butt end. 7.2
C. The tip shall be placed AT LEAST 2 feet above the roof or parapet. 8.5.1 B
D. 9.2.1 B
Note: The numerical length shall be marked on the side rails within 12 inches of the end of the ladder

17

Large quantities of black smoke (burning tar) observed over the roof of an Old Law Tenement may be an indication of all of the following except?

A: Top floor fire

B: Open shaft fire

C: Cockloft fire

D: Stair bulkhead fire

B: Open shaft fire

Explanation:
B. Fire on the roof. Tenements 5.4.3,C.

Note: A rapidly rising column of smoke, with particles or embers ascending to higher levels, visible over the roof top of the building frequently is an indication that fire is in an open shaft. 5.4.3 B

18

Firefighters of Tower Ladder 400 are discussing the evolution of placing a portable ladder in the basket. Firefighter IKE knew which of the following points to be incorrect?

A: A 20' combination ladder is the preferred portable ladder for this evolution

B: A 25 foot extension ladder can be used in this evolution with difficulty

C: The 35 foot extension ladder should not be used for this evolution

D: No more than 3 firefighters are permitted in the basket during this operation

C. A 35 foot extension ladder presents even greater difficulty. These ladders should be used when no other alternative is available. 3.6.4 Notes 2

19

Ladder brackets and clamping devices on apparatus must be designed to fit the ladder being held. Which of the following choices in regard to storing and securing portable ladders on the apparatus is incorrect?

A: If the ladder is stored in slides or in internal racks on the apparatus, slight pressure or force may be need to remove it

B: If ladders cannot be held securely, the Fire Tools and Equipment Unit shall be immediately notified by telephone

C: Provisions shall be made to secure ladders as safely as possible pending repair or relocation of ladder holding devices by the Fire Tools and Equipment Unit. These temporary fastenings shall be checked after each response

D: If there is a danger of loss of the ladder during a response, the ladder shall be left off the apparatus. An entry of this action shall be made in the company journal


A. It should remove easily WITHOUT force. Portable ladders sec 5

20

Who is responsible for maintaining control of the fire apartment door and ensuring units operating above the fire floor are made aware of any conditions affecting their safety?

NOTE: The engine and ladder company officers operating on the fire floor must make the units above aware of any conditions affecting their safety. These officers are responsible for the control of the door to the fire apartment.

Ladders 3
5.5.9 Note

21

Members drilling on taking a portable ladder to the rear of a Brownstone building with fire on the third floor were correct when they stated that they should take the ladder through the?

A: Basement of the fire building with the butt facing the rear

B: Parlor floor of the fire building with the butt facing the rear

C: Basement of an adjoining building with the butt facing the rear

D: Parlor floor of an adjoining building with the butt facing the rear

D: Parlor floor of an adjoining building with the butt facing the rear

Explanation:
Portable Ladders
D. In most cases, taking the ladder through the second floor (parlor floor) of an adjoining brownstone and passing it out the rear window to another member in the yard below is faster than using the fire building.

10.2 Laddering the rear of the building 3rd bullet