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Flashcards in HCF - Memory Deck (15)
1

Difference between learning and memory

learning is the process of acquring new info about the world - memory is a product of learning

2

Name the 3 stages of memory

Encoding
Storage
Retrieval

3

Describe the modal model

sensory memory -(encoding)-> short term memory long term memory

4

How long can info stay in each type of memory

Sensory - 0.5-3 seconds
STM - 10-15
LTM - forever but lost over time

5

What is your sensory memory

contains about 12 items
echoic + iconic

6

How do items shift from sensory --> STM

attention

7

how do you keep info in your STM

active rehersal

8

What case studies cast doubt on Model modal and why

LTM can be intact in spite of impaired STM

9

What is the craik and lockheart model

depth of info processing that determines how well you remember it. depending on meaning

10

Baddely and Hitch say that....

there is a central processor , the brain activities show increased activity in frontal lobe when the central processor is working.

11

Describe the 4 memory systems

episodic - explicit events / the pasy
semantic - explicit facts/ knowledge
working - explicit phonologic phone number, spacial - mentally following route
procedural - explicit and declarative driving a car

12

what does explicit/declarative memory mean

conscious

13

Name the area of the brain responsible for each type of memory

episodic - temporal love (hippocampus) amygdala
semantic - inferolat temporal
working - prefrontal
procedural - cerebellum, supplementary motor area

14

two different types of amnesia?

retrograde b4 and anterograde after

15

What happened to HM

bilateral removal of mid temporal lobes. anterograde amnesia
also developed retrograde for 3 years before the op (suggest consolidating memory takes time)
working and procedural memories okay (could learn new tasks)
couldn't recognise people he had met since the operation