Flashcards in Hepatitis, Endo, Rheum Randoms Deck (26)
What are DAAs? for what?
Direct Acting Antivirals for Hep C.
what is a Fibroscan?
type of scan for grading hepatic fibrosis/cirrhosis
why do Africans with Hep B at increased risk of Hepatocellular carcinoma?
possible past exposure with Aflotoxin from aspergillus contamination of grains which increases Hep B severity
what is trajenta?
metformin + DPP4 inhibitor
what is a -gliptin?
what is Reandron?
androgen replacement IV injections 3/12
2 kinds of diabetes insipidus?
cause of Nephrogenic DI?
how does sarcoidosis affect hormones?
through affecting the pituitary
what is replacement ADH called?
How does lithium affect the thyroid?
inhibits thyroid hormone release, can cause goiter
what does CREST syndrome stand for?
What things are positive in Hep B chronic infection?
What is negative in chronic HBV infection?
what is positive in Acute HBV infection?
what is negative?
what is difference with HBV infection and immune vs. HBV immunization
Prev. Infection: +anti-HBc and anti-HBs, no HBsAg
Immunisation: +anti-HBs, and negative for HBsAg, and anti-HBsAg
Main two Hep B Antivirals used?
where does uric acid come from?
breakdown of purines
allopurinol inhibits which enzyme?
danger of allopurinol?
hypersensitivity in east asians, check HLA
what should normal urate level be?
why do humans get gout?
lost the gene for uricase that breaks down uric acid into allopantin
standard treatments for gout?
aspirate to confirm
describe pseudogout crsytals:
positively birefringent rhomboids
describe gout crystals
positive birefringent needle crystals