Falls Flashcards Preview

Jason's MD2 ED/Amb Rotation > Falls > Flashcards

Flashcards in Falls Deck (14):
1

chronic alcohol affecting falls how?

cerebellum ataxia
peripheral neuropathy
wenicke's -Korsacoff psychosis

2

Vitamin D affecting falls how?

Bone and Muscle strength
osteoporosis

3

T-scores and Z-scores for bone density, why want to know Z-scores?

secondary causes of osteoporosis

4

why cholinesterase inhibitors do ECG?

increase ACh, on SA node

5

typical MMSE decline for alzheimer's per year?

3 points per year

6

positive romberg means?

proprioception decline, NOT cerebellum

7

falls excludes what?

neurological causes like stroke, heart condition

8

most common cause of fainting in elderly person?

postural hypotension from meds

9

in elderly person, faint or fall more likely?

fall more likely

10

what is "long lie?"

period between fall and getting help

11

hot fall vs. cold fall?

hot: more extrinsic factors
cold: more intrinsic factors

12

levo-dopa can cause what for falls?

postural hypotension

13

what reduces falls?

exercise
home safety
catarct
pacemakers
glasses

14

what doesn't reduce falls?

HRT
only visual acuity correction