Flashcards in Respiratory Infections Pathology Deck (27)
bronchopneumonia looks how? who gets it?
lobar pneumonia looks how? who gets it?
uniform, whole lobe
lobular pneumonia looks how? which disease usually causes it?
confined to one part in one lobe
bronchiolitis obliterans is what?
scarring and fibrosis post bronchopneumonia
4 complications of bacterial pneumonia?
viral or bacterial pneumonia more likely to cause lung infarct?
mycobacterial pneumonia: what is post-primary mean?
reactivation in dormant
fresh infection in sensitized person
two kinds of post-primary TB?
viral inclusion bodies in which pneumonias?
allergic aspergillous vs. normal aspergillous difference?
allergic: proximal: architecture maintained
regular: distal: architecture distorted
cryptococcus looks how in lung?
focal lesion with central necrosis
upper respiratory tract infection
pharyngitis: group A strep, viruses
sinusitis: strep, haemophilus, fungi
otitis media: strep pneumo, haemophilus, maraxella catarhalis, SA
epiglottis: Haemophilus type B
how to dx pertussis? treatment?
PCR (first 3 weeks)
treat with macrolides
typical pneumonia cause?
atypical pneumonia organisms?
nosocomial pneumonia bugs?
treatment recommended for community acquired pneumonia?
one narrow spectrum: penicillin
atypical cover: Doxycycline
strep pneumo on microscopy looks?
common cause of rust coloured sputum?
haemophilus influenza, who at risk? what does it cause?
what makes you think of legionella pneumophila?
systemic features: renal/hepatic failure
water towers, immunocompromised ppl
chlamydophila psittaci classical person? psitticosis?
bird owners cleaning out droppings
mycoplasma pneumoniae infects where in cell? who gets it?
younger ppl get it (walking pneumonia)
how to get best TB specimens?
3 early morning sputum specimens over 3 days
pneumocystic jirovecii presents in who? and how?
-HIV ppl usually
-insidious onset on dyspnoea
Nocardia in who? and what does it cause?
usu. in immunosuppressed
-brain abcesses, skin manifestations
-gram +ve branching bacilli