Radiology MSK2 Flashcards Preview

Jason's MD2 ED/Amb Rotation > Radiology MSK2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Radiology MSK2 Deck (21):
1

myeloma detected by bone scan?

not so much

2

paget's bone on x-ray?

coarse trabeculae

3

paget's investigations?

ALP increased: more cell turnover
bone scan

4

3 stages of paget's disease

acute lytic
sclerotic
mixed phases

5

long term complication of pagets

osteosarcoma
MFH: myelofibrohistiosarcoma

6

paget's disease presents?

base of skull involvement
high output cardiac failure
pathological fracture

7

paget's involve other bones?

tibia
pelvis (hemi-pelvis, osseous expansion)
skull

8

hip abnormality of long term steroids?

avascular necrosis of neck of femur

9

bone with a well circumscribed lytic area could be?

tumour
cyst

10

most common tumour in hands?

enchondroma

11

someone who presents with humerus mets, what to ask in history?

smoking - lung cancers
breast cancer
hx of cancer

12

tumour in humerus differential?

myeloma
metastasis

13

clubbing causes?

congenital heart disease
suppurative lung disease
pulmonary fibrosis
SCC
Liver
IBD

14

HPOA? what causes?

hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy
from underlying lung malignancy

15

HPOA see what on x-ray?

periosteal new bone formation

16

paraneoplastic syndromes?

humourally mediated effects away from the tumour

carcinoid
autoimmune

17

causes of osteopenia?

osteomalacia
myeloma
renal osteodystrophy

18

what can give you dizziness without headache?

vestibular migraine

19

how to tell if peripheral vertigo vs. central?

peripheral suppressed with visual fixation

20

BPPV physical exam dx called?

dix hallpike

21

BPPV treatment maneuvre called?

Epley's