Herb ID Flashcards Preview

Winter 2014 / Herbs 3 > Herb ID > Flashcards

Flashcards in Herb ID Deck (142):
1

Q image thumb

Qing Pi

Citri Reticulatae Viride Pericarpium

Regulate QI

LV, GB, ST

Acrid, Bitter, Warm

3-9g

Spreads the liver qi and breaks up stagnant qi

  • constrained liver qi patterns: distention/pain in chest, breast or hypochondriac region; bulging disorder pain

 

Dissipates clumps and reduces stagnation

  • for food stagnation which manifests as: epigastrum pain, distention, or stifling sensation
  • postpartum mastitis

*Has potential to break qi if used in high enough dose

*Compare to Chai Hu

2

Q image thumb

Da Fu Pi

Arecae Pericarpium

Regulate Qi

LI, SI, ST, SP

Acrid, Slightly Warm

4.5-9g

Drives qi downward and eases the middle

  • dampness or other processes obstructing the middle - leading to qi stagnation with sx: epigastric/abdominal distention, focal distention, and stifling sensation; belching with acid regurgitation
  • useful when sx are accompanied by incomplete/irregular bowel movements

 

Promotes urination and reduces edema

  • Abdominal distention accompanied by edema (yang edema: rapid onset, upper body, acute, more of an excess condition)

*Herb does not address pathological factors; it strictly helps the directional flow of qi.

*Good for menstrual bloating

3

Q image thumb

Chen Pi

Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium

Regulate Qi

LU, SP, ST

Acrid, Aromatic, Bitter, Warm

3-9g

Regulates the qi, adjusts the middle, and relieves the diaphragm

  • spleen and stomach stagnant qi patterns: epigastric and abdominal distention, fullness, bloating, belching, nausea, and vomiting

 

Dries dampness and transforms phlegm

  • phlegm-damp coughs with stifling sensation in chest/diaphragm, and copious, viscous sputum
  • Damp turbidity obstructing the middle: stifling sensation in chest, abdominal distention, loss of appetite, fatigue, loose stools, and a thick, greasy tongue coating

 

Helps prevent stagnation

  • Used with tonifying herbs to prevent their cloying nature from causing stagnation

4

Q image thumb

Zhi Shi

Aurantii Fructus Immaturus

Regulate Qi

LI, SP, ST

Acrid, Bitter, Slightly Cold

3-9g

Breaks up stagnant qi and reduces accumulation

  • epigastric/abdominal pain, distention, or indigestion with focal distention or gas

 

Transforms phlegm and expels focal distention

  • Focal distention and fullness in the chest and epigastrum due to turbid phlegm obstructing and plugging the qi dynamic

* Has ability to break qi depending on the dosage used

*Helps constipation caused by yang ming heat

*Low ability to transform phlegm

5

Q image thumb

Zhi Ke

Aurantii Fructus

Regualte Qi

LI, SP, ST

Acrid, Bitter, Slightly Cold

3-9g

Promotes the flow of qi

  • cough, distention, or constipation

*Riper, more mild version of Zhi Shi

6

Q image thumb

Xiang Fu

Cyperi Rhizoma

Regulate Qi

LV, GB, SJ

Acrid, Slightly Bitter, Slightly Sweet, Neutral

6-12g

Spreads and regulates liver qi

  • constrained liver qi patterns: hypochondriac pain and epigastric distention; disharmony between liver and spleen

 

Regulates menstruation and alleviates [menstrual] pain

  • facilitates the flow of liver qi in gynecological disorders: dysmenorrhea or irregular menstruation

 

7

Q image thumb

Mu Xiang

Aucklandiae Radix

Regulates Qi

LI, GB, ST, SP, SJ

Acrid, Bitter, Warm

3-9g

Promotes the movement of qi and stops pain

  • spleen or stomach stagnant qi: lack of appetite, feeling of food sitting in the stomach, epigastric/abdominal pain/distention, nausea, and vomiting
  • stagnant liver/gallbladder qi: flank pain and distention soreness

 

Adjusts and regulates stagnant qi in the intestines

  • diarrhea and dysenteric disorders, or abdominal pain and tenesmus

 

Strengthens the spleen and prevents stagnation

  • used with tonifying herbs to ameliorate their side effects; especially useful when the T&T functions of the spleen are weak

*One of the best herbs for treating stagnant qi in the intestines 

*Great for IBS

*Can add to formula as preventative measure if you suspect patient may show dampness as a result of the formula

8

Q image thumb

Wu Yao

Linderae Radix

Regulates QI

UB, KD, LU, SP

Acrid, Warm

3-9g

Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain

  • stifling sensation in the chest, flank pain, epigastric and abdominal pain and distention due to constraint from cold and qi stagnation

Warms the kidneys

  • urinary frequency or incontinence due to insufficiency of kidney yang and cold from deficiency of the bladder

9

Q image thumb

Chen Xiang

Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum

Regulates Qi

KD, SP, ST

Acrid, Aromatic, Bitter, Warm

1-1.5g

Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain

  • stagnant qi patterns: distention, pain, or feeling of pressure in the epigastric or abdominal region
  • esp. useful for problems due to cold from deficiency or blood stasis

Directs rebellious qi downward and regulates the middle

  • rebellious qi wheezing of either the excessive or deficient type, or vomiting, belching, or hiccough due to cold from deficiency of the stomach or spleen

Aids the kidneys in grasping the qi

  • asthma and wheezing due to kidney deficiency

 

10

Q image thumb

Tan Xiang

Santali Albi Lignum

Regulates Qi

LU, SP, ST

Acrid, Aromatic, Warm

2-5g

Promotes the movement of qi and alleviates pain

  • for pain associated with stagnant qi in the chest and abdomen

Recently used in the treatment of coronary artery disease

11

Q image thumb

Chuan Lian Zi

Toosendan Fructus

Regulates Qi

UB, LV, SI, ST

Bitter, Cold, Slightly Toxic

4.5-9g

Dredges liver qi, releases constrain, stops pain, and conducts heat out from below

  • liver constraint, pain in the chest and ribs, distention and pain from liver/stomach disharmony, and bulging disorders
  • Can be used for heat or cold conditions depending on combined herbs

Kills parasites and stops pain

  • roundworms and tapeworms
  • not partocularly effective at expelling parasites, but is able to alleviate pain and is therefore used for abdominal pain associated with accumulation of parasites
  • can be used topically in powder form for dermatosis of the scalp

12

Q image thumb

Ju Hong

Citri Reticulatae Exocarpium Rubrum

Regulates Qi

LU, ST

Acrid, Bitter, Warm

3-9g

Transforms phlegm

For food stagnation

  • promotes the movement of qi downward

*More drying and aromatic than Chen Pi, but less effective in harmonizing the middle and regulating the SP & ST.

*Primarily used for vomiting and belching, and for treating phlegm-damp coughs.

13

Q image thumb

San Qi

Notoginseng Radix

Stops Bleeding

LV, ST

Slightly Bitter, Sweet, Warm

3-9g (decoctions) / 1-1.5g (pills and powders)

Stops bleeding and transforms blood stasis

  • For internal and external bleeding: vomiting blood, nosebleed, and blood in the urine or stool

Reduces swelling and alleviates pain

  • Herb of choice fr traumatic injuries, used for swelling and pain due to falls, fractures, contusions, and sprains
  • Effective in invigorating blood, it is used for chest and abdominal pain, as well as joint pain that has ben caused by blood stasis. Therefore also useful for sores and abscesses.

14

Q image thumb

Da Ji

Cirsi Japonici Herba seu Radix

Stops Bleeding

LV, HT, SP

Sweet, Cool

9-15g

Cools the blood and stops bleeding

  • For chaotic movement of hot blood with sx: nosebleed, vomiting blood, blood in urine or stool, or uterine bleeding.
  • Especially effective in alleviating vomiting or coughing of blood

Reduces swelling and generates flesh at sores

  • Used topically for carbuncles, sores, and swellings

Benefits the gallbladder and reduces jaundice

  • For jaundice, especially that due to damp-heat

Treats hypertension

  • Recently used to treat hypertension, especially when accompanied by signs of liver heat

15

Q image thumb

Pu Huang

Typhae Pollen

Stops Bleeding

LV, HT, SP

Acrid, Sweet, Neutral

3-9g

Stops bleeding

  • For external bleeding associated with traumatic injury, and various forms of internal bleeding such as uterine bleeding, vomiting blood, nosebleed, coughing of blood, blood in the urine, blood in the stool, or subcutaneous bleeding.
  • *Great for GYN bleeding disorders

Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis

  • For chest pain, postpartum abdominal pain, and menstrual pain due to blood stasis

Promotes urination and stops bleeding

  • For hot painful urinary dribbling
  • *Lin syndrome

16

Q image thumb

Di Yu

Sanguisorbae Radix

Stops Bleeding

LV, LI, ST

Bitter, Sour, Slightly Cold

9-15g

Cools the blood and stops bleeding

  • Especially for bleeding in the lower burner due to damp-heat with sx: blood in the stool, bleeding hemorrhoids, bloody dysenteric disorders, and excessive uterine bleeding
  • Also used for vomiting blood and nosebleed

Clears heat and generates flesh

  • Applied topically for sores, ulcers, and injuries from burns. It reduces oozing by holding in the fluids, and promotes the generation of new flesh.
  • Often used for burns.

*Compared to Bai Ji, this herb is directed more towards the lower jiao

*Often used with Huai Mi for lower jiao damp-heat

17

Q image thumb

Huai Mi

Sophorae Flos Immaturus

Stops Bleeding

LV, LI

Bitter, Cool

4.5-9g

Cools the blood and stops bleeding

  • For damp-heat patterns of the large intestine when bleeding is present. Especially important for bleeding hemorrhoids and bloody dysenteric disorders.
  • Also used for coughing of blood, nosebleed, or uterine bleeding

Cools the liver

  • For red eyes, headache, and dizziness due to liver heat.
  • Can be taken as a daily beverage for this purpose

*Often used with Di Yu for lower jiao damp-heat

18

Q image thumb

Ce Bai Ye

Platycladi Cacumen

Stops Bleeding

LU, LV, LI

Astringent, Bitter, Slightly Cold

6-15g

Cools the blood and stops bleeding

  • Used for various bleeding disorders: vomiting blood, bleeding gums, coughing of blood, blood in the stool or urine, blood dysenteric disorders, and uterine bleeding.
  • Effective in treating patterns of hot blood, but may also be used with warming herbs for bleeding associated with cold patterns.

Stops Cough and expels phlegm

  • For lung heat patterns with cough accumulation of phlegm.
  • Especially important in cases of viscous, difficult-to-expectorate sputum streaked with blood.

19

Q image thumb

Bai Mao Gen

Imperatae Rhizoma

Stops Bleeding

LU, ST, UB

Sweet, Cold

9-30g

Cools the blood and stops bleeding

  • For chaotic movement of hot blood: nosebleed, vomiting blood, coughing of blood, and blood in the urine

Clears heat and promotes urination

  • For hot painful urinary dribbling and other heat patterns with edema and urinary difficulty

Clears heat from the stomach and lungs

  • For nausea and thirst due to stomach heat, or wheezing due to lung heat

20

Q image thumb

Xian He Cao

Agrimoniae Herba

Stops Bleeding

LU, LV, SP

Astringent, Bitter, Neutral

6-12g

Restrains leakage of blood and stops bleeding

  • Used for various types of bleeding: vomiting blood, coughing blood, nosebleed, bleeding gums, blood in the urine, or uterine bleeding.
  • Depending on its particular combination with other herbs, it can be used for bleeding due to heat, cold, excess, or deficiency.

Alleviates diarrhea and dysenteric disorders

  • For chronic problems, as this her has a restraining nature

Kills parasites

  • For trichomonas vaginitis and tapeworm as well as malarial disorders.
  • Used topically for trichomonas vaginitis.

21

Q image thumb

Bai Ji

Bletillae Rhizoma

Stops Bleeding

LU, LV, ST

Bitter, Sweet, Cool

3-15g (unusual circumstances; up to 30g) / 1.5-3g (powder taken orally)

Restrains leakage of blood and stops bleeding

  • Mainly for bleeding from the lungs and stomach: vomiting blood, coughing of blood, and nosebleed.
  • Also for bleeding associated with traumatic injury, usually applied locally.

Reduces swelling and generates flesh

  • Applied topically for sores, ulcers, and chapped skin.
  • Can be used whether or not the sore has ulcerated, as it reduces the swelling of sores and helps accelerate the healing of ulcers.
  • Especially useful for chronic, nonhealing ulcers.

*Compared to Di Yu, this herb is directed more towards the upper jiao

22

Q image thumb

Ai Ye

Artemisiae Argyi Folium

Stops Bleeding

SP, LV, KD

Acrid, Bitter, Warm

3-9g

Warms the womb and stops bleeding

  • For prolonged menstrual bleeding and uterine bleeding due to cold from deficiency.
  • Used for restless fetus, lower abdominal pain, and vaginal bleeding, as in threatened miscarriage.
  • Also for infertility due to a cold womb.
  • *All for bleeding due to cold
  • *often used by fertility practitioners

Disperses cold and alleviates pain

  • For cold abdominal pain, especially menstrual pain

Eliminates dampness and stops itching

  • Decocted and applied as an external wash for a variety of skin problems marked by dampness and itching.

23

Q image thumb

Chuan Xiong

Chuanxiong Rhizoma

Invigorate Blood

LV, GB, PC

Acrid, Warm

3-9g in powder form / 1-1.5g per dose

Invigorates the blood and promotes the movement of qi

Expels wind and alleviates pain

Stops pain, especially for headaches

24

Q image thumb

Yan Hu Suo

Corydalis Rhizoma

Invigorate the blood

ST, HT, LV

Acrid, Bitter, Warm

3-9g

Invigorates blood, promotes the movement of qi, and alleviates pain

25

Q image thumb

Yu Jin

Curcumae Radix

Invigorate the Blood

LV, HT, LU

Acrid, Bitter, Cold

6-12g

Invigorates blood and stops pain while promoting the movement of qi and resolving constraint

Clears heat and cools the blood

Clears the heart and opens the orifices

Benefits the gallbladder and reduces jaundice

26

Q image thumb

Dan Shen

Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix

Invigorates the blood

HT, PC, LV

Bitter, Slightly Cold

6-15g

Invigorates blood and dispels stasis

Clear heat and sooth irritability

Cool the blood and reduce abscesses

Nourish the blood and calm the spirit

Recently used to lower cholesterol

27

Q image thumb

Chi Shao

Paeoniae Radix Rubra

Invigorates the blood

LV, SP

Bitter, Sour, Slightly Cold

6-15g

Invigorates blood and dispels blood stasis

Clears heat and cools the blood

28

Q image thumb

Ji Xue Teng

Spatholobi Caulis

Invigorates the blood

HT, LV, SP

Sweet, Bitter, Warm

9-15g

Promotes the movement of and tonifies the blood

Invigorates the channels and relaxes the sinews

29

Q image thumb

Tao Ren

Persicae Semen

Invigorates the blood

LV, LU, LI, HT

Sweet, Bitter, Neutral

4.5-9g

Breaks up blood stasis

Moistens the intestines and unblocks the bowels

30

Q image thumb

Hong Hua

Carthami Flos

Invigorates the blood

LV, HT

Acrid, Warm

3-9g

Invigorates blood, dispels stasis, and unblocks menstruation

31

Q image thumb

Yi Mu Cao

Leonuri Herba

Invigorates the Blood

UB, HT, LV

Acrid, Bitter, Slightly Cold

9-15g

Invigorates the blood and dispels stasis

Promotes urination and reduces swelling

Clears heat and resolves toxicity

32

Q image thumb

Ze Lan

Lycopi Herba

Invigorates the blood

Acrid, Bitter, Slighty Warm

LV, SP

9-15g

Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis

Promotes urination

33

Q image thumb

Wu Ling Zhi

Trogopterori Faeces

Invigorates the blood

Bitter, Sweet, Warm

LV

3-9g

Disperses blood stasis and alleviates pain

Transforms stasis and stops bleeding

Also used for childhood nutritional impairment

 

34

Q image thumb

Ru Xiang

Olibanum

Invigorate the blood

HT, LV, SP

Acrid, Bitter, Warm

3-9g

Invigorates blood and produces the movment of qi

Relaxes the sinews, invigorates the channels, and alleviates pain

Reduces swelling and generates flesh

35

Q image thumb

Mo Yao

Myrrha

Invigorate the blood

HT, LV, SP

Bitter, Neutral

3-9g

Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis, reducing swelling and alleviating pain

Promotes healing

36

Q image thumb

E Zhu

Curcumae Rhizoma

Invigorates the blood

LV, SP

Acrid, Bitter, Warm

3-9g

Breaks up blod stasis, promotes the movement of qi, and alleviates pain

Dissolves accumulations and alleviates pain

37

Q image thumb

San Leng

Sparganii Rhizoma

Invigorates the blood

LV, SP

Acrid, Bitter, Neutral

3-9g

Forcefully breaks up blood stasis, promotes the movement of qi, and alleviates pain

Dissolves accumulations

38

Q image thumb

(Huai) Niu Xi

Acyranthis Bidentatae Radix

Invigorates the blood

LV, KD

Bitter, Sour, Neutral

6-15g

Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis

Tonifies the liver and kidneys, strengthens the sinews and bones, and benefits the joints

Induces the downward movement of blood and fire

Clears damp-heat in the lower burner

39

Q image thumb

Chuan Niu Xi

Cyathulae Rhizoma

Invigorates the blood

LV, KD

Bitter, Sweet, Neutral

4.5-9g

Invigorates the blood and unblocks the menses

Expels wind, drains damp

40

Q image thumb

Wang Bu Liu Xing

Vaccariae Semen

Invigorates the blood

LV, ST

Bitter, Neutral

4.5-9g

Promotes the movement of blood and invigorates the channels

Reduces swellings

41

Q image thumb

Chuan Shan Jia

Squama Mantidis Pentadactylae

Invigorates the blood

LV, ST

Salty, Cool

Disperses blood stasis, unblocks menstruation and promotes lactation

Reduces swelling and promotes discharges of pus

Expels wind-damp

42

Q image thumb

Gan Jiang

Zingiberis Rhizoma

Warm the interior, expel cold

HT, LU, SP, ST

Acrid, Hot

3-9g

Warms the middle and expels cold

Rescues devastated yang and expels interior cold

Warms the lungs and transforms thin mucus

Warms the channels and stops bleeding

43

Q image thumb

Zhi Fu Zi

Aconiti Radix Lateralis Preparata

Warm the interior, expel cold

HT, KD, SP

Acrid, Hot, Toxic

3-15g

Revives the yang and rescues from rebellion

Warms the fire and assists the yang

Disperses cold, warms the channels, and alleviates pain

44

Q image thumb

Rou Gui

Cinnamomi Cortex

Warm the interior, expel cold

HT, KD, LV, SP

Acrid, Sweet, Hot

1.5-4.5g / 1-2g for pills and powders

Fortifies the kidney and spleen yang, warms the heart yang and fortifies the yang

Disperses deep cold, warms the channels, unblocks the channels and vessels, and alleviates pain

Leads the fire back to its source

Encourages the generation of qi and blood

45

Q image thumb

 Bi Ba

Piperis Longi Fructus

Warm the Interior, expel Cold

ST, LI

Acrid, Hot

1.5-4.5g

Warms the middle, disperses cold from the stomach and intestines, and alleviates pain

Allpied as a powder for toothache, often with Hu Jiao

46

Q image thumb

Hua Jiao

Zanthoxyli Pericarpium

Warm the interior, expel cold

KD, SP, ST

Acrid, Hot, Slightly Toxic

3-9g

Warms the middle burner, disperses cold and alleviates pain

Kills parasites and alleviates abdominal pain

47

Q image thumb

Gao Liang Jiang

Alpiniae Officarum Rhizoma

Warms the interior, expels cold

SP, ST

Acrid, Hot

3-9g

Warms the middle and alleviates pain

48

Q image thumb

Hu Jiao

Piperis Fructus

Warm the interior, expel cold

LI, ST

Acrid, Hot

1.5-3g in decoctions / .5-1g in pills and powders

Warms the middle and disperses cold

49

Q image thumb

Wu Zhu Yu

Evodiae Fructus

Warm the interior, expel cold

LV, SP, ST

Acrid, Bitter, Hot, Slightly Toxic

1.5-4.5g

Warms the middle, disperses cold, promotes the movement of qi, and alleviates pain

Redirects rebellious qi downward and stops vomiting

Warms the spleen and stops diarrhea, and expels cold-dampness

Leads fire downward

50

Q image thumb

Xiao Hui Xiang

Foeniculi Fructus

Warm the interior, expel cold

LV, KD, SP, ST

Acrid, Warm

3-9g

Disperses cold, warms the liver and kidneys, and stops pain

Regulates the qi and harmonizes the stomach

51

Q image thumb

Ding Xiang

Caryophylli Flos

Warm the interior, expel cold

KD, SP, ST

Acrid, Warm

1-3g

Warms the middle burner and directs rebellious qi downward

Warms the kidneys and aids the yang

52

Q image thumb

Ren Shen

Tonify Qi

Ginseng Radix

LU, SP

Sweet, Slightly Bitter, Slightly Warm

Powerfully tonifies the primal qi

Strengthens the spleen and tonifies the stomach

Tonifies the LU and augments the qi

Generates fluids and stops thirst

Benefits the HT qi and calms the spirit

 

53

Q image thumb

Dang Shen

Codonopsis Radix

Tonify Qi

LU, SP

Sweet, Neutral

Tonifies the middle burner and augments the qi

Tonifies the LU

 

54

Q image thumb

Tai Zi Shen

Psudostellariae Radix

Tonify Qi

LU, SP

Sweet, Slightly Bitter, Neutral

Strengthens the SP and augments the qi

Generates fluids

55

Q image thumb

Huang Qi

Astragali Radix

Tonify Qi

LU, SP

Sweet, Slightly Warm

Tonifies the qi and blood

Tonifies the spleen and raises the yang

Augments the protective qi and stabilizes the exterior

 

56

Q image thumb

Shan Yao

Discoreae Rhizoma

Tonify Qi

KD, LU, SP

Sweet, Netural

Tonifies and augments the SP and ST

Tonifies the LU qi and augments the LU yin

Tonifies the KD, and also stabilizes and binds

57

Q image thumb

Huang Jing

Polygonati Rhizoma

Tonfiy Qi

KD, LU, SP

Sweet, Neutral

Tonifies SP qi and augments the SP yin

Enriches the yin and moistens the LU

58

Q image thumb

Bai Zhu

Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma

Tonify Qi

SP, ST

Bitter, Sweet, Warm

Tonifies the SP and augments the qi

Dries dampness and promotes water metabolism

Stabilizes the exterior and stops sweating

Calms the fetus

59

Q image thumb

Da Zao

Jujubae Fructus

Tonify Qi

SP, ST

Sweet, Warm

Tonifies the SP and augments the qi

Nourishes the blood and calms the spirit

Moderates and harmonizes the harsh properties of other herbs

60

Q image thumb

Bai Bian Dou

Lablab Semen Album

Tonify Qi

SP, ST

Sweet, Neutral

Strengthens the SP, nourishes the ST, transforms dampness and harmonizes the middle

Clears summerheat accompanied by dampness

Treats poisoning

61

Q image thumb

Yi Tang

Maltosum

Tonify Qi

LU, SP, ST

Sweet, Slightly Warm

Tonifies the SP and augments the qi

Tonifies the middle burner qi and alleviates pain

Moistens the LU and stops cough

62

Q image thumb

Gan Cao

Glycyrrhizae Radix

Tonify Qi

All 12 channels

Sweet, Neutral

Tonifies the SP and augments the qi

Moistens the LU and stops cough

Moderates spasms and alleviates pain

Clears heat and resolves fire toxicity

Antidote for variety of substances

Moderates and harmonizes the characteristics of other herbs

63

Q image thumb

Shu Di Huang

Rehmanniae Radix Preparata

Tonify Blood

HT, KD, LV

Sweet, Slightly Warm

9-30g

Tonifies the Blood

Nourishes the yin

Strongly enriches the yin and relieves wasting and thirsting disorder

Nourishes the blood and tonifies the essence

64

Q image thumb

Zhi He Shou Wu

Polygoni Multiflori Radix Preparata

Tonify Blood

LV, KD

Astringent, Bitter, Sweet, Slightly Warm

9-30g

Tonifies the LV and KD, nourishes the blood and augments the essence

Expels wind from the skin by nourishing the blood

65

Q image thumb

Dang Gui

Angelicae Sinensis Radix

Tonify Blood

HT, LV, SP

Acrid, Sweet, Warm

4.5g - 15g

Tonifies the blood and regulates the menses

Invigorates and harmonizes the blood and disperses cold

Moistens the intestines and unblocks the bowels

Reduces swelling, expels pus, generates flesh, and alleviates pain

Treats Cough

66

Q image thumb

Bai Shao

Paeoniae Radix Alba

Tonify Blood

LV, SP

Bitter, Sour, Mildly Cold

6-15g

Nourishes the blood and regulates the menses

Calms and curbs the LV yang and alleviates pain

Preserves the yin and adjusts the nutritive and protective levels

67

Q image thumb

E Jaio

Asini Corii Colla

Tonify Blood

KD, LV, LU

Sweet, Neutral

3-9g

Tonifies the blood

Nourishes the blood and stops bleeding

Nourishes and moistens the yin

68

Q image thumb

Gou Qi Zi

Lycii Fructus

Tonify Blood

KD, LV, LU

Sweet, Neutral

6-12g

Nourishes and tonifies the LV and KD

Benefits the essence and brightens the eyes

Enriches the yin and moistens the LU

69

Q image thumb

Sang Shen

Mori Fructus

Tonify Blood

HT, LV, KD

Sweet, Cold

9-15g

Tonifies the blood and enriches the yin

Moistens the intestines

 

70

Q image thumb

Long Yan Rou

Longan Arillus

Tonify Blood

HT, SP

Sweet, Warm

9-15g

Tonifies and augments the HT and SP, nourishes the blood, and calms the spirit

71

Q image thumb

Lu Rong

Cervi Cornu Pantotrichum

Tonify Yang

KD, LV

Sweet, Salty, Warm

Tonifies the KD and fortifies the yang

Warms the yang, regulates the chong and ren and stabilizes the dai

Tonifies the du, augments the essence and blood, and strengthens the sinews and bones

tonifies and nourishes the qi and blood

72

Q image thumb

Ge Jie

Gecko

Tonify Yang

LU, KD

Salty, Neutral

Tonifies the LU qi and assists the KD yang

Assists the KD yang and augments the essence and blood

73

Q image thumb

Dong Chong Xia Cao

Cordyceps

Tonify Yang

Sweet, Warm

LU, KD

Augments the KD and tonifies the yang

Tonifies the KD yang, augments the LU yin, transforms the phlegm and stops bleeding

74

Q image thumb

Rou Cong Rong

Cistanches Herba

Tonify Yang

KD, LI

Sweet, Salty, Warm

Tonifies the KD yang and augments the essence and blood

Moistens the intestines and facilitates the passage of stool

Warms the Womb

75

Q image thumb

Suo Yang

Cynomorii Herba

Tonify Yang

KD, LV, LI

Sweet, Warm

Tonifies the KD, assists the yang and augments the LV yin and blood

Moistens the intestines, unblocks the bowels, augments the essence, and nourishes the blood

76

Q image thumb

Yin Yang Huo

Epimedii Herba

Tonify Yang

KD, LV

Acrid, Sweet, Warm

Tonifies the KD and fortifies the yang

Dispels wind-cold-dampness and warms and unblocks the flow of yang qi

77

Q image thumb

Ba Ji Tian

Morindae Officinalis Radix

Tonify Yang

KD

Acrid, Sweet, Slightly Warm

Tonifies the KD and fortifies the yang

Disperses wind-dampness and strengthens the sinews and bones

78

Q image thumb

Hu Lu Ba

Trigonellae Semen

Tonify Yang

KD

Bitter, Warm

Warms the KD, disperses dampness and cold and alleviates pain

79

Q image thumb

Bu Gu Zhi

Psoraleae Fructus

Tonify Yang

KD, SP

Acrid, Bitter, Very Warm

Tonifies the KD and fortifies the yang

Tonifies and warms the SP yang and stops diarrhea

Used topically for vitiligo

80

Q image thumb

Gou Ji

Cibotii Rhizoma

Tonify Yang

KD, LV

Bitter, Sweet, Warm

Tonifies the LV and KD, and strengthens the sinews and bones

Expels wind and dampness

warms and stabilizes the KD

 

81

Q image thumb

He Tao Ren

Juglandis Semen (walnut)

Tonify Yang

KD, LU, LI

Sweet, Warm

Tonifies the KD and strengthens the back and knees

Warms hte LU and helps to KD grasp the qi

Moistens the intestines and unblocks the bowels

82

Q image thumb

Yi Zhi Ren

Alpiniae Oxyphyllae Fructus

Tonify Yang

KD, SP

Acrid, Warm

Warms the KD, retains the essence and secures the urine

Warms the SP, stops diarrhea and controls salivation

83

Q image thumb

Xian Mao

Curculiginis Rhizoma

Tonify Yang

KD

Acrid, Hot, Toxic

Tonifies the KD and fortifies the yang

Expels cold and eliminates dampness

84

Q image thumb

Du Zhong

Eucommiae Cortex

Tonify Yang

KD, LV

Sweet, Slightly Acrid, Warm

Tonifies the LV and KD, strengthens the sinews and bones

Aids in the smooth flow of qi and blood

Calms the fetus

Recently used for HTN caused by LV yang rising

85

Q image thumb

Xu Duan

Dipsaci Radix

Tonify Yang

KD, LV

Acrid, Bitter, Sweet, Slightly Warm

Tonifies the LV and KD, strengthens the sinews and bones

Calms the fetus and stops leakage

Promotes the movement of blood, alleviates pain and reconnects the sinews and bones

86

Q image thumb

Gu Sui Bu

Drynariae Rhizoma

Tonify Yang

KD, LV

Bitter, Warm

Tonifies the KD and strengthens bones

Promotes mending of the sinews and bones

Stimulates hair growth

87

Q image thumb

Tu Si Zi

Cuscutae Semen

Tonify Yang

KD, LV

Acrid, Sweet, Neutral

Tonifies the yang, augments the yin and secures the essence and blood

Tonifies the KD and LV, and improves vision

Benefits the SP and KD and stops diarrhea

Calms the fetus

88

Q image thumb

Zi He Che

Hominis Placenta

Tonify Yang

KD, LV, LU

Sweet, Salty, Warm

Tonifies the LV and KD and augments the essence

Augments the qi and nourishes blood

Tonifies the LU qi and augments the KD essence

89

Q image thumb

Long Gu

Fossilia Ossis Mastodi

Anchor, Settle, Calm Shen

HT, LV, KD

Astringent, Sweet, Neutral

Settles anxiety and calms the spirit

Calms the liver and anchors the floating yang

Prevents leakage of fluids

Secures the normal

Used topically for chronic non-healing sores

90

Q image thumb

Mu Li

Ostreae Concha

Anchor, Settle, Calm Shen

HT, LV

Astringent, Salty, Cool

Heavily Settles and Calms the spirit

Benefits yin and anchors floating yang

Prevents leakage of fluids

Softens hardness and dissipates nodules

Absorbls acidity and alleviates pain

91

Q image thumb

Ci Shi

Magnetitum

Anchor, Settle, Calm Shen

LV, KD

Acrid, Salty, Cold

Anchors and calms the spirit

Nourishes kidnneys, augments liver and improves hearing and vision

Aids kidneys in grasping qi

92

Q image thumb

Zhen Zhu

Margarita (pearl)

Anchor, Settle, Calm Shen

HT, LV

Sweet, Salty, Cold

Sedates the heart and settles tremors and palpitations

Clears liver heat and eliminates superficial visual obstructions

Promotes healing and generates flesh

 

 

93

Q image thumb

Zhen Zhu Mu

Margaritiferae Concha Usta

Anchor, Settle, Calm Shen

HT, LV

Sweet, Salty, Cold

Calms the liver, anchors the yang and drains LV fire

Clears eyes and liver

Sedates fright and calms the spirit

Stops bleeding

94

Q image thumb

Zi Shi Ying

Fluoritum

Anchor, Settle, Calm Shen

HT, LV

Sweet, Warm

Sedates the heart and settles tremors and palpitations

Warms the lungs and directs qi downward

Warms the womb while warming and unblocking the Ren and Chong

95

Q image thumb

Hu Po

Succinum (Amber)

Anchors, Settles, Calms Shen

HT, UB, LV

Sweet, Neutral

Arrests tremors and palpitations and calms the spririt

Invigorates blood, dissipates stasis and unblocks menses

Promotes urination and unblocks painful urinary dribbling

Reduces swelling and promotes healing

 

96

Q image thumb

Zhu Sha

Cinnabaris

Anchor, Settle, Calm Shen

HT

Sweet, Cool, Toxic

Sedates the heart and calms the spirit

Clears heat, relieves toxicity and prevents putrefaction

Expels phlegm, sedates jitteriness and convulsions while stopping tremors

 

97

Q image thumb

Chun Pi

Ailanthi Cortex

Stabilize and Bind

LI, ST

Bitter, Astringent, Cold

Clears heat, dries damp, binds the intestines

Kills parasites

98

Q image thumb

Fu Pen Zi

Rubi Fructus

Stabilize and Bind

LV, KD

Sweet, Astringent, Neutral

Augments and stabilizes kidneys, binds essence, contains the urine

Assists the yang and improves vision

99

Q image thumb

Bai Guo

Ginkgo Semen

Stabilize and Bind

KD, LU

Astringent, Bitter, Sweet, Slightly Toxic, Neutral

Preserves the lungs and arrests wheezing

Eliminates dampness, stops discharge and contains the urine

100

Q image thumb

Hai Piao Xiao

Sepiae Endoconchae

Stabilize and Bind

ST, KD, LV

Astringent, Salty, Slightly Warm

Restrains, holds and stops bleeding

Secures the essence and stops discharge

Controls acidity and alleviates pain

Resolves damp and promotes healing

101

Q image thumb

Lian Zi

Nelumbinis Semen

Stabilize and Bind

HT, KD, SP

Sweet, Astringent, Neutral

Tonifies the spleen and stops discharge

Tonifies the kidneys to stabilize the essence

Nourishes heart and calms the spirit

102

Q image thumb

Fu Xiao Mai

Tritici Fructus Levis

Stabilize and Bind

HT

Sweet, Slightly Salty, Cool

Inhibits sweating

Nourishes the heart and calms the spirit

103

Q image thumb

Rou Dou Kou

Myristicae Semen

Stabilize and Bind

SP, ST, LI

Acrid, Warm

Binds the intestines and stops diarrhea

Warms the middle, moves qi and alleviates pain

 

104

Q image thumb

Wu Wei Zi

Schisandrae Fructus

Stabilize and Bind 

KD, HT, LU

Sour, Sweet, Warm

Contains leakage of lung qi and stops cough

Tonifies kidneys, binds essence, and stops diarrhea

Inhibits sweating and generates fluids

Quiets the spirit while calming and containing heart qi

 

105

Q image thumb

Chi Shi Zhi

Halloysitum Rubrum

Stabilize and Bind

SP, ST, LI

Sweet, Sour, Astringent, Warm

Binds intestines and stops diarrhea

Contains Blood and stops bleeding

Promotes the healing of wounds

 

106

Q image thumb

Shan Zhu Yu

Corni Fructus

Stabilize and Bind

LV, KD

Sour, Slightly Warm

Stabilizes the kidneys and secures the essence

Stops excessive sweating, supports the collapsed

Tonifies and augments the kidneys and liver

Stabilizes menses and stops bleeding

107

Q image thumb

He Zi

Chebulae Fructus

Stabilize and Bind

ST, LU, LI

Bitter, Sour, Astringent, Neutral

Binds intestines and stops diarrhea

Contains leakage of LU qi, stops cough, and improves the condition of the throat

108

Q image thumb

Qian Shi

Euryales Semen

Stabilize and Bind

KD, SP

Sweet, Astringent, Neutral

Strengthens the spleen, stops diarrhea

Stabilizes kidneys and retains the essence

Expels dampness, stops discharge

109

Q image thumb

Jin Ying Zi

Rosae Laevigatae Fructus

Stabilize and Bind

UB, KD, LI

Sour, Astringent, Neutral

Stabilizes kidneys and secures essence

Binds intestines and stops diarrhea

110

Q image thumb

Wu Mei

Mume Fructus

Stabilize and Bind

LI, SP, LU, LV

Sour, Astringent, Warm

Contains leakage of LU qi and stops cough

Binds intestines, stops diarrhea

Generates fluids, alleviates thirst

Expels roundworms and alleviates pain

Stops bleeding

Used topically for corns and worts

 

111

Q image thumb

Shan Zao Ren

Ziziphi Spinosae Semen

Nourish and Calm Shen

GB, HT, LV, SP

Sweet, Sour, Neutral

Nourishes the Heart Yin, augments liver blood, quiets the spirit

Prevents abnormal sweating

112

Q image thumb

Bai Zi Ren

Platycladi Semen

Nourish and Calm Shen

HT, KD, LI

Sweet, Neutral

Nourishes the heart and calms the spirit

Moistens the intestines and unblocks bowels

Also used for nightsweats due to yin deficiency

113

Q image thumb

Yuan Zhi

Polygalae Radix

Nourish and Calm Shen

HT, LU

Acrid, Bitter, Slightly Warm

Calms the spirit and quiets the heart

Expels phlegm, clears the orifices, and stops cough

Reduces abscesses and dissipates swellings

114

Q image thumb

He Huan Pi

Albiziae Cortex

Nourish and Calm Shen

HT, LV

Sweet, Neutral

Calms the spirit and relieves constraint

Harmonizes the blood, stops pain, and reconnects the sinews and bones

Dissipates swellings and reduces abscesses

 

115

Q image thumb

Ye Jiao Teng

Polygoni Multiflori Caulis

Nourish and Calm Shen

HT, LV

Sweet, Neutral

Nourish the heart and blood and calm the spirit

Nourish the blood and unblock the channels

Alleviates itching

116

Q image thumb

Ling Yang Jiao

Saigae Tataricae Cornu

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

Salty, Cold

HT, LV

Drains liver heat, calms the liver, extinguishes wind and controls spasms and convulsions

Calms the liver and anchors the yang

Clears the liver and improves vision

Drains heat and resolves fire toxicity

Clears damp-heat

117

Q image thumb

Gou Teng

Uncariae Ramulus cum Uncis

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

PC, LV

Sweet, Slightly Cold

Extinguishes wind, alleviates spasms

Drains liver heat and pacifies liver yang

Releases the exterior

118

Q image thumb

Tian Ma

Gastrodiae Rhizoma

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

LV

Sweet, Netural

Calms the liver, extinguishes wind, and controls spasms and tremors

Extinguishes wind and alleviates pain

Disperses painful obstruction

119

Q image thumb

Ci Ji Li

Tribuli Fructus

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

LV

Acrid, Bitter, Neutral

Calms the liver and anchors yang

Dredges liver qi to smooth its flow while dispersing constraint and clumping

Dispels wind-heat and brightens the eyes

Dispels wind and stops itching

120

Q image thumb

Shi Jue Ming

Haliotidis Concha

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

KD, LV

Salty, Cold

Drains liver fire and anchors and sedates the liver yang

Improves the vision and causes superficial obstruction to recede

Recently used for increased gastric acidity and topically for bleeding due to trauma

121

Q image thumb

Di Long

Pheretima

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

UB, LV, LU, SP

Salty, Cold

Drains heat, settles convulsions, extinguishes wind, and stops spasms

Clears heat and unblocks and promotes movement in the channels and collaterals

Clears heat and calms wheezing

Clears heat and promotes urination

Also recently used for HTN associated with LV yang rising

122

Q image thumb

Bai Jiang Can

Bombyx Batryticatus

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

LV, LU

Acrid, Salty, Neutral

Extinguishes wind and stops spasms and convulsions

Expels wind, disperses wind-heat and stops itching and pain

Transforms phlegm, softens what is hard, and dissipates nodules

Expels wind and stops itching

123

Q image thumb

Quan Xie

Scorpio

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

LV

Acrid, Salty, Neutral, Toxic

Extinguishes wind and stops tremors and convulsions

Tracks down wind, unblocks collaterals and stops pain

Attacks and resolves fire toxicity and dissipates nodules

124

Q image thumb

Wu Gong

Scolopendra

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

LV

Acrid, Warm, Toxic

Extinguishes wind and stops spasms and convulsions

Attacks toxins and dissipates nodules

Unblocks collaterals and stops pain

125

Q image thumb

Dai Zhe Shi

Haematitum

Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors

HT, PC, LV

Bitter, Cold

Sedates and anchors liver yang and clears liver fire 

Strongly directs rebellious qi downward

Cools the blood and stops bleeding

126

Q image thumb

She Xiang

Moschus

Aromatic, Open the Orifices

HT, SP, LV

Acrid, Aromatic, Warm

Vigorously opens the orifices, revives the spirit and unblocks closed disorders

Invigorates the blood, dissipates clumps, reduces swelling, and alleviates pain

Hastens delivery and facilitates the downward passage of stillborns

127

Q image thumb

Su He Xiang

Styrax

Aromatic, Open Orifices

HT, SP

Acrid, Aromatic, Sweet, Warm

Opens the orifices and penetrates through turbidity to awaken the spirit

Opens areas of constraint and clears away filth

128

Q image thumb

Bing Pian

Borneolum

Aromatic, Open Orifices

HT, SP, LU

Acrid, Bitter, Mildly Cold

Opens the orifices, awakens the spirit, and unblocks closed disorders

Clears heat, alleviates pain, dissipates nodules, and alleviates itching

Clears heat, drains fire, resolves toxicity, clears eyes, removes superficial visual obstruction, and stops pain

129

Q image thumb

Shi Chang Pu

Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma

Aromatic, Open Orifices

HT, ST

Acrid, Aromatic, Bitter, Warm

Opens the orifices, dislodges phlegm, removes filth, and quiets the spirit

Transforms turbid dampness, awakens the spleen, and promotes the movement of qi

Promotes blood flow and reduces swelling

130

Q image thumb

Niu Huang

Bovis Calculus

Aromatic, Open Orifices

HT, LV

Bitter, Cool

Clears the heart, opens the orifices, awakens the spirit, and dislodges phlegm

Clears the liver, resolves toxicity, extinguishes wind, and stops tremors

Drains heat and resolves fire toxicity

131

Q image thumb

Mo Han Lian

Ecliptae Herba

Tonify Yin

KD, LV

Sweet, Sour, Cool

Nourishes and tonifies the LV and KD yin

Cools the blood and stops bleeding

132

Q image thumb

Yu Zhu

Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma

Tonify Yin

LU, ST

Sweet, Slightly Cold

Nourishes and moistens dryness, enriches the stomach and lung yin

Extinguishes wind and softens and moistens sinews

133

Q image thumb

Mai Men Dong

Ophiopogonis Radix

Tonify Yin

HT, LU, ST

Sweet, Slightly Bitter, Cold

Moistens the LU and nourishes yin

Augments stomach yin and generates fluids

Clears heart and eliminates irritability

Moistens intestines

134

Q image thumb

Nu Zhen Zi

Lugustri Lucidi Fructus

Tonify Yin

KD, LV

Bitter, Sweet, Cool

Nourishes and tonifies the LV and KD

Augments LV and KD, and clears heat from deficiency
Augments LV and KD, and improves vision

135

Q image thumb

Hei Zhi Ma

Seasami Semen Nigrum

Tonify Yin

KD, LV, LI

Sweet, Neutral

Nourishes and fortifies LV and KD

Nourishes blood and extinguishes wind

Moistens and lubricates intestines

136

Q image thumb

Shi Hu

Dendrobii Herba

Tonify Yin

KD, ST

Sweet, Slightly Salty, Bland, Slightly Cold

Nourishes stomach yin, clears heat, and generates fluids

Enriches kidney yin and reduces heat from deficiency

Tonifies kidneys, augments essence, and brightens vision

137

Q image thumb

Tian Men Dong

Asparagi Radix

Tonify Yin

KD, LU

Sweet, Bitter, Very Cold

Nourishes KD yin and clears LU heat

Moistens LU, nourishes KD and generates fluids

138

Q image thumb

Bai He

Lilii Bulbus

Tonify Yin

HT, LU

Sweet, Slightly Bitter, Cold

Moistens LU, Clears heat, stops cough

Clearts HT heat and calms the spirit

139

Q image thumb

Bei Sha Shen

Glehniae Radix

Tonify Yin

LU, ST

Sweet, Slightly Bitter, Cold

Nourishes LU yin and clears LU heat

Nourishes the ST yin and generates fluids

140

Q image thumb

Gui Ban

Testudinis Plastrum

Tonify Yin

HT, KD, LV

Sweet, Salty, Cold

Nourishes yin and anchors yang, strongly tonfies liver and kidney yin

Benefits KD and strengthens bones

Nourishes the blood, enriches the yin, stabilizes the chong and ren

Cools the blood and stops uterine bleeding

Nourishes the blood and tonifies the heart

141

Q image thumb

Xi Yang Shen

Panacis Quinquefolii Radix

Tonify Yin

HT, KD, LU

Sweet, Slightly Bitter, Cold

Benefits the qi, generates fluids, nourishes yin

Nurtures the LU yin and clears fire from the LU

142

Q image thumb

Bie Jia

Trionycis Carapax

Tonify Yin

LV, SP

Salty, Slighty Cold

Nourishes the yin and anchors the yang

Invigorates blood, promotes menstruation and dissipates nodules