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WSET ® Level 3 Wine > Hungary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hungary Deck (22)
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What is the climate of Hungary?

Moderate Continental


Where in Hungary is the Tokaj region?

Northeast Hungary


Tokaj is situated at the confluence of which 2 rivers?

Tisza and Bodrog Rivers


What is the main grape used in Tokaji?


Furmint is textural and redolent of freshly cut apples with high acidity and concentration; as it ages it develops nutty and honey flavors.


What is the secondary grape used in Tokaji?


Hárslevelű is a spicy, aromatic grape with elevated acidity.


What is the third grape used in Tokaji?

Sárga Muscotály, aka Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains.

Sárga Muscotály is perfumed and floral.


What is the bottle size for sweet wines in Hungary?

50cl, or 500ml


What does Aszú mean?

Aszú indicates the grapes were affected by Botrytis/Noble Rot.


What is Tokaji Szamorodni?

Szamorodni translates to "as it comes," so Tokaji Szamorodni means "Tokaji as it comes."

This means that there was no selection between normal ripe, non-Botrytis grapes and aszú grapes - all grapes were harvested together, pressed together, and vinified together.  Even a smidge of Botrytis will display the notes of noble rot in even a dry wine.

Because there was no selection the wine may come out dry or semi-sweet, depending on how much Botrytis was present at time of harvest.


What is the minimum aging requirement for Tokaji Szamorodni?

  • Aged in cask at least 1 year
  • Must be at least 2 years old prior to release


What does száraz mean on a bottle of Tokaji Szamorodni?



What does édes mean on a bottle of Tokaji Szamorodni?


How sweet the wine is depends on how much Botrytis was present when the grapes were harvested.


Sometimes a Hungarian winemaker will not fill up their Szamorodni barrels all the way.

What happens to the wine if it isn't topped up?

The wine may develop flor-like yeast which will lead to flavor characteristics in the wine similar to a Fino Sherry.


What is a trend, or style of wine, coming out of Tokaj these days that doesn't involve sweet wines?

Dry white wines made primarily from Furmit, often fermented and/or matured in oak (neutral or new).


How is Tokaji Aszú made?

Botrytis-affected (aszú) berries macerate with non-botyrtis affected must (a standard base wine) either before, during, or after fermentation for half a day up to 60 hours.  The aszú infuses the must or wine with botrytis characteristics.

The must or wine is pressed and afterward it is matured in oak.

How many aszú berries were used will determine the final sweetness of the wine.


As of 2013, what is the minimum residual sugar for Tokaji Aszú?



What is a puttony?

It is the unit of measurement used for aszú grapes that are added to dry wine to make Tokaji Aszú, and the number of puttony indicates the level of sweetness.

A puttony is a woven or wooden basket, usually with shoulder straps, that holds 20-25kg.  See photo.



What is the minimum aging requirement for Tokaji Aszú?

  • At least 18 months in oak
  • Cannot be released until January the 3rd year after harvest


What is Eszencia?​

Made only in the best vintages, Eszencia is made with the free-run juice (nectar, really) that seeps out from botrytis-affected grapes (aszú) after they've been hand harvested, berry by berry, and placed in a vessel.

The free-run nectar is fermented on its own and it takes years, sometimes up to a decade, to achieve just 4% abv.


What is the minimum level of residual sugar for Eszencia?



What's the difference between a Late Harvest wine and Tokaji Aszú?

Tokaji Aszú uses a maceration process of aszú grapes with base wine.

Late Harvest wines are made with grapes that were harvested late and which may or may not be affected by botrytis.  If any grapes are aszú, they go right into the fermentation vessel along with the late harvest grapes.

Late Harvest wines are usually aged a shorter time than Tokaji Aszú.


How are sweet Tokaj wines labeled if they have less than 120g/L of residual sugar?

Either Late Harvest or Tokaji Szamorodni, depending on how they're made.

Make sure you know the difference in how Late Harvest and Tokaji Szamorodni are made.