Impersonal forms - Gerund 01 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Impersonal forms - Gerund 01 Deck (28):
1

what is the gerund?

It's the PRESENT participle?

2

How form the gerund?

add - ando to the stem or -ar verbs and -iendo to the stem of -ir and -er verbs

3

To indicate actions which are still happening ie to be a present participle with haber

What is Use 1?

4

1. Aún estamos comprando en el supermercado.
2. Use 1 (Action still happening)

1. We are still buying at the supermarket.
2. What use?

5

To act as an adverb such as modal ie the way something is happening, conditional, time object.

What is Use 2?

6

1. Vino andando muy despacio.
2. Use 2 (as an adverb re way s.th happening)

1. He came walking really slowly.
2. What use?

7

As an adjective in ONLY 3 situations

What is use 3?

8

when using the present participle with a verb that expresses perception

What is use 3, situation 1?

9

1. Veo a María lavando su ropa.
2. Use 3, situation 1 (as an adjective + verb of perception)

1. I see Maria washing her clothes.
2. What use & situation?

10

with the impersonal form of the verb haber

What is use 3, situation 2?

11

1. Había un hombre cantando en la playa.
2. Use 3, situation 1 (as an adj + impersonal haber)

1. There was a man singing on the beach.
2. What use & situation?

12

some adverbs such as "hirviendo", "ardiendo" [boiling], or "colgando" (hanging) are always adjectives.

What us use 3, situation 3?

13

1.Se le cayó agua hirviendo mientras cocinaba pasta.
2. Use 3, situation 3 (some pp always used as adjs)

1. He dropped boiling water while he was cooking pasta.
2. What use & situation?

14

1. Los españoles y italianos hablan haciendo gestos y usando lenguaje corporal.
2. Cos' using the present participle in MODAL form,

1. "Spaniards and Italians talk making gestures and using body language."
2. Why use the gerund? (use 4, sit 1 of 5)

15

1. Gobernando el partido de izquierdas, había más políticas sociales.
2. Cos' expressing TEMPORARY ie cuando gobernaba,

1. "When the left party was ruling, there was more social politics."
2. Why use the gerund? (use 4, sit 1 of 5)

16

1. No teniendo más que decir, se fueron.
2. Cos' CAUSAL ie puesto que no tenían

1. "Since they didn't have anything else to say, they left."
2. Why use the gerund? (use 4, sit 1 of 5)

17

1. Caminando más rápido, llegaremos antes.
2. Cos' CONDITIONAL ie si caminamos más rápido,

1. "If we walk faster, we'll get there quickly."
2. Why use the gerund? (use 4, sit 1 of 5)

18

1. Aún pidiéndole que cambiara de canal, no lo hizo.
2. Cos' CONCESSIVE ie aunque le pedí que,

1. "Even though I asked him to change the channel, he didn't do it"
2. Why use the gerund? (use 4, sit 1 of 5)

19

to give directions and locate objects, places or people

What is Use 5?

20

1. Mi casa es la primera en la segunda calle girando a la derecha.
2. To give directions (use 5)

1. My house is the first one when you make a right on the second street.
2. Why use the gerund?

21

1. Encontrarás la oficina en el siguiente pasillo doblando a la izquierda.
2. To locate people or places (use 5)

1. You'll find the office making a left on the next corridor.
2. Why use the gerund?

22

to indicate simultaneity when describing a situation.

What is use 6?

23

1. En la foto salía Jorge saludando a la cámara.
2. to indicate simultaneity when describing a situation (use 6)

1. In the picture there was Jorge waving to the camera.
2. Why use the gerund?

24

1. En Barcelona hay una estatua de Cristóbal Colón apuntando hacia América.
2. to indicate simultaneity when describing a situation (use 6)

1. In Barcelona there's a statue of Christopher Columbus pointing to America
2. Why use the gerund?

25

the result of an ellipsis (the omission of words from speech or writing.) 3 types - modal, exclamative and obligatory

When is the gerund elliptical used? (use 7, 3 situations)

26

- Hola, ¿qué haces?
- Aquí, descansando un poco.
MODAL gerund elliptical (use 7, sit 1 of 3)

- Hi, what are you up to?
- Here, resting for a bit.
Why the gerund elliptical?

27

¡Tú haciendo tales locuras!
EXCLAMATIVE gerund elliptical (use 7, sit 1 of 3)

I can't believe you're doing such things!
Why the gerund elliptical?

28

Mi lugar está aquí, viviendo en el campo y no en la ciudad.
OBLIGATORY gerund elliptical (use 7, sit 1 of 3)

My place is here, living in the country and not in the city.
Why the gerund elliptical?