Flashcards in Verbs of emotions and feelings Deck (23):
what is a pronominal verb?
verbs that need the reflexive PRONOUN se to be conjugated. But not all pronominal verbs are reflexive or reciprocal
what is a reflexive verb?
when the subject is also the object of their action
Roberto se lava. Why is lavarse reflexive?
"Robert washes himself." Roberto is performing an action that is received by himself. Roberto is the subject and the object of “his action.”
Pepe y Pilar se abrazan. Why is abrazarse reciprocal?
Two people are involved. Pepe is hugging Pilar and Pilar is hugging Pepe. Both Pepe and Pilar give and receive the same action simultaneously. Both are the subject and the object of the same action.
Yo me aburrí muchísimo en el zoológico. Why is aburrirse pronominal?
"I got dead bored at the zoo." Because it is conjugated with the reflexive pronoun se, but it is neither reflexive nor reciprocal.
Why are verbs of emotions and feelings pronominal?
Because the subject is the person that experiences the feeling.
What are the reflexive pronouns?
me, te, se, nos, os, se.
Where are reflexive pronouns placed when a verb is conjugated?
BEFORE the verb
Conjugate the pronominal verb aburrirse
yo me aburro
tú te aburres
él/ella/usted se aburre
nosotros/nosotras nos aburrimos
vosotros/vosotras os aburrís
ellos/ellas/ustedes se aburren
to get bored
nunca me había aburrido tanto
I´d never been so bored
to be ashamed (of oneself; of something)
No me avergüenzo de nada.
I am not ashamed of anything.
to get depressed
Alfonso se deprime con facilidad.
Alfonso gets depressed easily.
to fall ill
Mi madre se enfermó, cuando era joven.
My mother was sick when I was growing up.
to have fun
nos divertimos mucho en la fiesta
we had a lot of fun at the party
to be glad
me alegro de estar vivo.
I´m glad to be alive
to get frightened