Flashcards in Reflexive Verbs 03 Deck (26):
se aspectual pronouns give the sentence an "aspectual nuance" ... what does that mean? Give an example?
They give the verb a different meaning.
For example the verb "dormir" means to sleep while "dormirse" means to fall asleep.
How are "se aspectual" pronouns different to "se emotive" pronouns?
They play a grammatical role. That is if they are left out the meaning of the sentence changes.
Duermo hasta tarde los domingos porque no tengo que trabajar. CONTRAST TO
Se duerme cada vez que ve esa película.
I SLEEP in on Sundays because I don't have to work.
HE FALLS ASLEEP every time he sees that movie. (with the se aspectual pronoun)
Do se aspectual pronouns have a separate conjugation for each subject pronoun?
Yo ME despierto temprano cada día.
Tú TE despiertas temprano cada día.
Él/Ella/Usted SE despierta temprano cada día.
Nosotros NOS despertamos temprano cada día.
Vosotros OS despertáis temprano cada día.
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes SE despertaron temprano cada día.
Name 5 verbs where se aspectual pronoun changes meaning
despertar/despertarse - to wake up/to wake myself up
dormir/dormirse - to sleep/to fall asleep
What is the difference between morir and morirse?
both mean to die, but morirse is used where death is natural rather than sudden AND for family members
What is the difference between ir and irse?
both mean to go, but ir focuses on the destination and irse focuses on the starting point
what is the difference between llevar and llevarse?
both mean to take something/somewhere for a reason/to take something WITH YOU
when is the SE ACCIDENTAL used?
where the action is not intended, rather it is accidental. With the se accidental the subject has no intention to perform the action, but it happens accidentally and the subject receives the consequences.
what FOLLOWS the se accidental?
an indirect object pronoun that shows the person or object that is affected by the action.
Se me cayó un jarrón. Who is the se accidental pronoun referring to?
The holder of the object, "I dropped a vase."
Estaba tan nerviosa que se le derramó el café en la camisa blanca. Who is the se accidental pronoun referring to?
the person who receives the consequences of the action, "She was so nervous that she spilled her coffee on her white shirt."
A Ramón se le olvidó el portátil y no pudimos hacer la presentación. Who is the se accidental pronoun referring to?
the involuntary agent of the action, "Ramon forgot his laptop and we couldn't make our presentation."
Who are the 3 types of person the se accidental pronoun can refer to?
1. the holder of the object,
2. the person who receives the consequences of the action, or
3. the involuntary agent of the action.
what is the main point of a se accidental pronoun?
The main idea of this pronoun is that the action is not intended to happen or there is no purpose on performing the action.
Is the se accidental pronoun conjugated?
No. It is always "se"
What is the difference between the SE INTRANSITIVADOR and the pure se reflexive?
The se reflexivo is linked to an action that the subject performs on itself, an action the subject performs and rests upon him.
The se intransitivador is linked to an action which the subject does not perform on itself, in example, se mueve rápidamente (he moves quickly).
Me peino el pelo. Se reflexive or se intransitivador?
Se reflexive. el pelo is the direct object, "I comb my hair".
Me arriesgué y gané. Se reflexive or se intransitivador?
Se intransitivador, "I risked and I won."
Name 6 verbs which use the se intransitivador
trasladarse (to move)
mudarse (to move (to a new place))
enfrentarse (to face (something))
sentarse (to sit down)
levantarse (to get up)
acostarse (to lay down).
Does the se intransitivador voluntary has its own conjugation for each subject pronoun?
Yo ME mudo a otro piso
Tú TE mudas a otro piso
Él/Ella/Usted SE muda a otro piso
Nosotros NOS mudamos a otro piso
Vosotros OS mudáis a otro piso
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes SE mudan a otro piso
What 2 circumstances use the se intransitivador?
1. Where the subject performs the action
2. Where the subject does not perform any action, rather it gets or experiments the consequences of an action done by someone or something else.
La ventana se abrió.
Involuntary, "The window just opened itself."
La fruta se pudrió porque estuvo mucho tiempo fuera de la nevera.
Involuntary, "The fruit got rotten because it was placed outside the fridge for a long time."
The involuntary use of the se intransitavidor can often be confused with the se accidental. How tell the difference?
The se accidental is used when the action implies an “accidental action” while the se intransitivador con sujeto no voluntario is used when the action is provoked by something that is out of our reach.