Preterit - Morir and Dormir Flashcards Preview

Verbs > Preterit - Morir and Dormir > Flashcards

Flashcards in Preterit - Morir and Dormir Deck (21):
1

What is the common spelling change in the preterit?

The o in the stem, that is, the front part of the infinitive which precedes the ending –ir, changes into u in the third person singular and the third person plural of the preterite

2

conjugate dormirse in the preterit

me dormí
te dormiste
se durmió
nos dormimos
os dormisteis
se durmieron

3

conjugate morirse in the preterit

me morí
te moriste
se murió
nos morimos
os moristeis
se murieron

4

what does dormir mean?

to sleep

5

what does dormirse mean?

to fall asleep

6

Los niños se durmieron enseguida.

The kids fell asleep right away.

7

Anoche Quique no durmió nada.

Last night Quique didn’t sleep a wink.

8

El famoso actor murió/se murió anoche en el hospital.
Can morir/morirse be used interchangeably here?

Yes. "The famous actor died last night at the hospital. "

9

El escritor murió/se murió de repente a los noventa y tres años. Can morir/morirse be used interchangeably here?

Yes. "The writer died suddenly at age 93."

10

Diez personas murieron en un accidente de tráfico. Can morir/morirse be used interchangeably here?

No, Morir only. "Ten people died/ were killed in a car accident"

11

El conductor murió en el acto. Can morir/morirse be used interchangeably here?

No, Morir only. "He driver died/was killed instantly."

12

Morir por + [something] ... example, "Murieron por sus creencias."

They died for their beliefs.

13

Morir + [participle] ... example 1, "Él capitan del barco murió ahogado."

Morir ahogado = drowned, The captain of the ship drowned.

14

Morir + [participle] ... example 2, "Los insurgentes murieron asesinados."

Morir asesinado = murdered. The rebels were murdered.

15

Morir + [participle] ... example 3, "Su madre murió arruinada."

Her mother died penniless.

16

Morir + de + [algo] ... example 1, "El escalador murió de hambre/de frío"

morir de hambre/de frío = to starve to death, to freeze to death,
"The climber starved to death/froze to death."

17

Morir + de + [algo] ... example 2, "Mi abuela murió de vieja/de muerte natural."

morir de viejo/de muerte natural = to die of old age/natural causes
"My grandmother died of old age/of natural causes"

18

Morir + de + [algo] ... example 3, "Mi padre murió de cáncer/de un infarto."Mi padre murió de cáncer/de un infarto."

morir + de + [una enfermedad] = to die of [disease]
"My father died from cancer/from a heart attack"

19

Morirse + por + [infinitive], "Me muero por verte."

I’m dying/I can’t wait to see you.

20

Morirse + por + [algo], "Me muero por un helado."

I’m dying for an ice cream.

21

Morirse + por + [alguien], "Me muero por esa chica."

I am mad about that girl.