The Subjunctive - Past Perfect Subjunctive Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Subjunctive - Past Perfect Subjunctive Deck (23):
1

what is the Spanish grammar tern for past perfect subjunctive?

pretérito pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo

2

How form the pretérito pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo?

the auxiliar verb "haber" in the past subjunctive tense + the past participle of the main verb.

3

What is the English equivalent (1 of 3)?

1. "had + past participle of the main verb " ie the past perfect

4

What is the English equivalent (2 of 3)?

2. "would or could + have + past participle of the main verb” ie the conditional perfect

5

What is the English equivalent (3 of 3)?

3. a past tense when the sentence has a subjunctive nuance.

6

Hubiera (o hubiese) sido más fácil ir por el otro camino.. what is English equivalent (? of 3)?.

Use 2 of 3 ... It would have been easier to take the other way.

7

No sabía que ya se hubieran (o hubiesen) casado. Pensaba que la boda era la semana que viene... what is the English equivalent (? of 3)?

Use 1 of 3 ... I didn’t know they had already got married. I thought the wedding was next week.

8

Conjugate the past subjunctive of haber?

yo hubiera o hubiese
tu hubieras o hubieses
él, ella, usted hubiera o hubiese
nosotros/as hubiéramos o hubiésemos
vosotros/as hubierais o hubieseis
ellos, ellas, ustedes hubieran o hubiesen

9

Past participle of cantar, beber and vivir?

cantado, bebido, vivido

10

Use 1 (of 4) of pretérito pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo?

to talk about completed actions in the past or actions that happened in the past right before another action in the past, always following the rules for the subjunctive

11

Use 2 (of 4) of pretérito pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo?

for:
1. unreal,
2. hypothetical or
3. doubtful actions
that happened in the past or to express unawareness of a past action

12

Use 3(of 4) of pretérito pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo?

for situations that are:
1. impossible to accomplish, or
2. situations that we regret we never did, or
3. situations that could have happened but never did.

13

Use 4 (of 4) of pretérito pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo?

is used in conditional clauses (si clauses). The pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo is the tense used in the si clause while the conditional perfect is the tense used in the main clause. However, the pluscuamperfecto can also be used in the main clause with the result of having a conditional clause with two verbs in the pluscuamperfecto

14

Si mi coche no se hubiera (o hubiese) averiado, te lo habría prestado el fin de semana... which use ? (of 4)?

4a of 4. "If my car hadn’t broken down, I would have lent it to you this weekend."

15

Hubiera (o Hubiese) sido mejor ir en metro. ¡Mira qué atasco hay! ... which use ? (of 4)?

3 of 4. "Taking the train would have been better. Look at this traffic jam!"

16

Ojalá yo hubiera (o hubiese) sabido que tú ibas a ir a la fiesta porque entonces yo habría ido.... which use ? (of 4)?

2 of 4. "I wish I had known you were going to the party because I would have gone then."

17

Es una pena que no hubiera (o hubiese) estudiado francés cuando estudiaba en la universidad.... which use ? (of 4)?

1 of 4. "It’s a shame I didn’t study French when I was studying in college."

18

Si mi coche no se hubiera (o hubiese) averiado, te lo hubiera (o hubiese) prestado el fin de semana.... which use ? (of 4)?

4b of 4. "If my car hadn’t broken down, I would have lent it to you this weekend."

19

Mis padres nunca se hubieran (o hubiesen) imaginado que yo sacaría tan buenas notas este trimestre.... which use ? (of 4)?

3 of 4. "My parents would have never imagined that I would get such good grades this quarter."

20

Ellos no sabían que vosotros hubierais (o hubieseis) estado nunca en Jamaica.... which use ? (of 4)?

2 of 4. "They didn’t know you had ever been to Jamaica."

21

Teníamos tanta hambre cuando llegamos a casa que parecía que no hubiéramos (o hubiésemos) comido en una semana.... which use ? (of 4)?

1 of 4. "We were so hungry when we got home that it looked like we hadn’t eaten in a week."

22

Si hubierais (o hubieseis) sabido que iba a llover, ¿habríais salido de casa sin paraguas? .... which use ? (of 4)?

4a of 4. "If you had known that it was going to rain, would you have left the house with no umbrella?"

23

Si hubierais (o hubieseis) sabido que iba a llover, ¿hubierais (o hubieseis) salido de casa sin paraguas? .... which use ? (of 4)?

4b of 4. "If you had known that it was going to rain, would you have left the house with no umbrella?"