Impersonal Forms - Past Participle 02 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Impersonal Forms - Past Participle 02 Deck (20):
1

To form the passive voice

What is Use 9 of 9? (1 of the 3 main uses)

2

The passive voice is a verb construction in which the subject is presented as passive (subject patient), while the action taken by the verb is performed by a complement (agent object) and not the individual agent verb in the active voice.

What is the passive voice?

3

Subject + verb + direct object

What is the structure of the active voice?

4

Active. Adelea bought a book.

Adela compra un libro. What voice?

5

Active, "Picasso painted The Guernica"

Picasso pintó el Guernica, What voice?

6

Subject patient (direct object of the active sentence) + verb to be + past participle of main verb + complement agent (the subject of the active sentence)

What is the structure of the passive voice?

7

Passive. "A book is purchased by Adela."

Un libro es comprado por Adela. What voice?

8

Passive, "The Guernica was painted by Picasso."

El Guernica fue pintado por PIcasso. What voice?

9

haber and tener

What 2 verbs are exceptions and don't have a passive form?

10

Because tener doesn't have a passive form.

Tengo un gato --> Un gato es tenido por mí.
Why is the passive voice incorrect?

11

Llevar + participio:
Indicates that an action has been happening for some time but it's still not completed.

What is Past Participle Periphrases 1?
What is it used for?

12

Llevo andados tres kilómetros y aún me quedan más de dos.

I've already walked more kilometers and I still have two more to go.

13

Andar + participio:
It is used to express a situation that has been going on for too long.

What is Past Participle Periphrases 2?
What is it used for?

14

Andamos parados desde hace más de cuatro meses

We've been unemployed for more than four months.

15

Tener + participio:
Expresses an action completed in the past.

What is Past Participle Periphrases 3?
What is it used for?

16

Ya tengo comprado el traje para la boda de mi hermana.

I've already bought the suit for my sister's wedding.

17

1. Ir + participio:
2. It refers to an action that is happening now.

What is Past Participle Periphrases 4?
What is it used for?

18

Vas cansada de tanto peso que llevas.

You are tired because you are carrying a lot of weight.

19

Dar + participio:
This perífrasis is usually found with the preposition "por" linking the two verbs and it expresses that an action was concluded unilaterally.

What is Past Participle Periphrases 5?
What is it used for?

20

El profesor dio por explicada la lección aunque los alumnos no la entendieron.

The professor considered the lesson done even though the students didn't understand it